NOTICE: The text below was created automatically and may contain errors and differences from the contract's original PDF file. Learn more herePRODUCTION SHARING AGREEMENT
PETROLEUM EXPLORATION DEVELOPMENT AND
REPUBLIC OF UGANDA
BY AND BETWEEN
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA
TULLOW UGANDA LIMITED
In respect of Exploration Area 1
1 DEFINITIONS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2 AGREEMENT -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3 RESPONSIBILITIES AND GRANT OF RIGHTS -----------------------------------------
4 EXPLORATION WORK PROGRAMME --------------------------------------------------
5 ADVISORY COMMITTEE -------------------------------------------------------------------
6 WORK PROGRAMMES AND BUDGETS ------------------------------------------------
7 DISCOVERY, DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION ----------------------------------
8 RECORDS, REPORTS, DATA AND INSPECTION --------------------------------------
9 BONUSES ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10 ROYALTY AND ADDITIONAL ROYALTY ---------------------------------------------
11 STATE PARTICIPATION ---------------------------------------------------------------------
12 COST RECOVERY ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
13 PRODUCTION SHARING --------------------------------------------------------------------
14 TAXATION --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
15 VALUATION AND MEASUREMENT OF PETROLEUM -----------------------------
16 PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION ------------------------------------------------------------
17 MARKETING AND LIFTING ---------------------------------------------------------------
18 DOMESTIC REQUIREMENTS --------------------------------------------------------------
19 NATURAL GAS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
20 PURCHASES IN UGANDA -------------------------------------------------------------------
21 TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT ----------------------------------------------------------
22 TITLE TO ASSETS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
23 FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROL --------------------------------------------------------
24 ASSIGNMENT ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
25 DANGER TO PERSONS, PROPERTY OR ENVIRONMENT --------------------------
26 ARBITRATION ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
27 INSURANCE AND INDEMNIFICATION --------------------------------------------------
28 FORCE MAJEURE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
29 ANNUAL SURFACE RENTALS -------------------------------------------------------------
30 TERMINATION ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
31 ACCOUNTING AND AUDITS ---------------------------------------------------------------
32 NOTICES -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
33 APPLICABLE LAW ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
34 ENTIRE AGREEMENT AND AMENDMENTS ------------------------------------------
35 WAIVER ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
36 CONFIDENTIALITY ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
37 DISCLAIMER -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A Description and Map of Contract Area -------------------70
B-I Form of Exploration Licence -------------------------------72
B-II Form of Production Licence --------------------------------73
C Accounting and Financial Procedure ----------------------74
D-I Performance Bond --------------------------------------------95THIS AGREEMENT is made and entered into this 3rd day of February, 2012 by and
between the Government of the Republic of Uganda, acting through the Ministry of Energy
and Mineral Development, of P.O Box 7270 Kampala, Uganda (hereinafter referred to as
“Government”) and Tullow Uganda Limited, a company incorporated in the Isle of Man
and having its registered office at Falcon Cliff, Palace Road, Douglas, Isle of Man IM2
4LB and registered under Chapter 110 of the Laws of Uganda(hereinafter referred to as the
WHEREAS, Petroleum in or under any land or water in Uganda is the property of the
Republic of Uganda;
WHEREAS, the Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act Chapter 150 of the Laws of
Uganda 2000 makes provision with respect to exploring for and producing Petroleum and
authorises the Minister responsible for petroleum exploration and production to grant
Exploration and Production Licences to any person or entity, subject to certain limitations
WHEREAS, Section 3 of the Act authorises the Government to enter into an agreement,
not inconsistent with the Act, with any person or entity in respect of, inter alia, the terms
and conditions of the grant of a Licence under the Act;
WHEREAS, Licensee has applied for an Exploration Licence over the area described in,
and shown on the map in Annex A hereof and the Minister, in accordance with Section 9
of the Act, intends to grant the said Licence; and
WHEREAS, Licensee intends, on terms and conditions set out under this Agreement and
has represented that he/she has or can obtain resources, to undertake Petroleum Operations
in the area aforesaid and has for that purpose the necessary financial capacity, technical
competence and professional skill to carry out such Operations;
NOW, THEREFORE, the parties hereto agree as follows:
In this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires:
1.1.1 “Act” means the Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act Chapter 150 of
the Laws of Uganda as amended and in effect from time to time.
1.1.2 “Advisory Committee” means the Committee constituted pursuant to Article 5.
1.1.3 “Affiliated Company” means any entity directly or indirectly effectively
controlling or effectively controlled by, or under direct or indirect effective
common control with a specified entity. For the purposes of this definition
“Control”, when used with respect to any specified entity, means the power to
direct, administer and dictate policies of such entity (it being understood and
agreed that it is not necessary to own directly or indirectly fifty percent (50%)
or more of such entity’s voting securities to have control over such entity, but
ownership, direct or indirect, of fifty percent (50%) or more of such entity’s
voting securities shall automatically indicate control), and the terms
“controlling” and “controlled” have meanings corresponding to the foregoing.
1.1.4 “Agreement” means this instrument and the annexes attached hereto, including
any extensions, renewals or amendments thereof agreed to in writing by the
1.1.5 “Albertine Graben” means that geological entity within the Republic of
Uganda together with such contiguous area or areas of the Democratic
Republic of Conga which together are known collectively as the Albertine
Graben and recognised as such by the international geological profession.
1.1.6 “Allowable Contract Expenditures” means those expenditures as so described
in Section 3 of Annex “C”.
1.1.7 “Appraisal Programme” means a programme carried out following one or
more Discovery(ies) of Petroleum for the purpose of delineating the Petroleum
Reservoirs(s) to which that discovery or these discoveries relate(s) in terms of
thickness and lateral extent and estimating the quantity of recoverable
1.1.8 “Appraisal Well” means any Well drilled for purposes of an Appraisal
1.1.9 “Associated Gas” means Natural Gas which is produced in association with
Crude Oil, and includes solution gas or gas cap gas, from a Petroleum
Reservoir recovered as gas at the surface by separation or other primary field
1.1.10 “Barrel” means a quantity consisting of forty-two (42) United States gallons,
liquid measure, corrected to a temperature of sixty degrees (60) Fahrenheit.
1.1.11 “Calendar Month” means any of the twelve (12) months of a Calendar Year.
1.1.12 “Calendar Quarter” means a period of three (3) consecutive Calendar Months
commencing with first day of January, April, July orOctober of each Calendar
1.1.13 “Calendar Year” means a period of twelve (12) Calendar Months according to
the Gregorian Calendar, starting with January 1st and ending with December
1.1.14 “Commercial Production” means production of Crude Oil or Natural Gas or
both and delivery of the same at the Delivery Point under a programme of
regular production and sale.
1.1.15 “Contract Area” means (a) on the Effective Date, the area described in Annex
A and shown on the map in Annex A; and (b) thereafter, the whole or any part
of such area which, at any particular time, remains subject to an Exploration
Licence granted to Licensee pursuant to Article 3 and/or subject to a
Production Licence granted to Licensee pursuant to Article 7.
1.1.16 “Contract Expenses” means Exploration Expenditures, Development and
Production Expenditures and Operating Expenses incurred by Licensee in
Conducting Petroleum Operations hereunder determined in accordance with
the Accounting and Financial Procedure described in Annex “C”.
1.1.17 “Contract Revenues” means the sum of all proceeds of sales of Petroleum and
monetary equivalent to the value of other dispositions of Licensee's share of
Petroleum produced and saved and not used in Petroleum Operations and any
other proceeds from Petroleum Operations hereunder.
1.1.18 “Contractor” means any person, company or entity employed by or on behalf
of the Licensee for the purpose of carrying out Petroleum Operations.
1.1.19 “Sub-contractor” means any person, company or entity employed by or on
behalf of a Contractor for the purpose of carrying out Petroleum Operations.
1.1.20 “Crude Oil” means any hydrocarbon which at atmospheric pressure and a
temperature of between 60 Fahrenheit and 113Fahrenheitis in a liquid state
at the wellhead or gas/oil separator or which is extracted from Natural Gas in a
plant, including distillate and condensate; and has been produced from the
1.1.21 “Delivery Point” means the point at which Crude Oil passes through the intake
valve of the pipeline or tanker or truck or rail wagon at the terminal or refinery
in Uganda, or such other point which may be agreed to in writing by the
Parties. In respect of Natural Gas, the Delivery Point shall be such point as
may be agreed to in writing by the Parties.
1.1.22 “Development and Production Expenditures” means those expenditures as so
categorised in the Accounting and Financial Procedure described in Annex
1.1.23 “Development Area” means an area constituted by a block that is, or by blocks
that are, subjected to a Petroleum Production Licence.
1.1.24 “Development Operations” has the meaning ascribed to it in the Act but does
not include operations beyond the Delivery Point.
1.1.25 “Development Plan” means a development plan referred to in Section 21 (3) of
1.1.26 “Discovery” means a discovery of Petroleum within the meaning of the Act.
1.1.27 “Discovery Bonus” means a single, non-recoverable lump sum payment by the
Licensee to Government upon making a Discovery.
1.1.28 “Effective Date” means the date on which this Agreement is signed by all
1.1.29 “Exploration Licence” means the petroleum exploration licence referred to in
paragraph 3.1 and granted pursuant to Section 9 of the Act.
1.1.30 “Exploration Expenditures” are all necessary, appropriate and economical,
direct and allocated indirect costs incurred in the search for petroleum and
appraisal of Discoveries in the Contract Area as so categorised in the
Accounting and Financial Procedures described in Annex C.
1.1.31 “Exploration Period” means the Exploration Period referred to in paragraph
1.1.32 “Exploration Well” means a Well, other than an Appraisal Well, drilled in the
course of Exploration Operations (as defined in the Act), conducted hereunder.
1.1.33 “Good Oilfield Practices” means all of those things that are generally accepted
in the international petroleum industry as good, safe and efficient in the
carrying out of Exploration or, as the case may be, Development Operations
and that an experienced, reasonable and prudent operator, engaged in a similar
activity under similar circumstances elsewhere, would use.
1.1.34 “Government” means the Government of the Republic of Uganda.
1.1.35 “Government Production Share” has the meaning ascribed to it in Article 13.
1.1.36 “Gross Negligence or Willful Misconduct” means any act or failure to act
(whether sole, joint or concurrent) by the senior supervisory personnel of
Licensee which was intended to cause, or which was in reckless disregard of
or wanton indifference to, harmful consequences such person knew, or should
have known, such act or failure would have on the safety or property of
another person or entity.
1.1.37 “Income Tax Act” means the Income Tax Act Chapter 340 of the Laws of
Uganda 2000 as amended and in effect from time to time.
1.1.38 “Joint Venture Agreement” means an agreement, not inconsistent herewith,
between Licensee and the nominee of the Government to be negotiated and
executed pursuant to paragraph 11.1.
1.1.39 “Joint Operations” means operations in or relating to a Development Area
carried out under a Joint Venture Agreement.
1.1.40 “Joint Operating Agreement” means the contract between the Licensees, and
its appendices and amendments, relating to the joint conduct of Petroleum
1.1.41 “Joint Venture Assets” has the meaning ascribed to it in paragraph 11.2a.
1.1.42 “Joint Venture Interest” has the meaning ascribed to it in paragraph 11.2b.
1.1.43 “Licence” means an Exploration Licence or a Production Licence, as the case
1.1.44 “Licence Area” means an area over which an exploration or production licence
has been issued.
1.1.45 “Licensee” means Tullow Uganda Limited and includes any other person,
company or entity to whom the said company or any of their approved
assignees or successors of all or part of their Participating Interests assign
directly their Participating Interest in whole or in part in the Exploration
Licence or Production Licence.
1.1.46 “Market Price” has the meaning ascribed to it in paragraph 15.1.1.
1.1.47 “Maximum Efficient Rate” means the maximum rate of production of Crude
Oil from a Development Area, without excessive decline of production or
excessive loss of reservoir pressure, in accordance with good oilfield practice
and the provisions of paragraph 7.8.
1.1.48 “Natural Gas” means both Associated Gas and Non-Associated Gas and all its
constituent elements produced from any Well in the Contract Area.
1.1.49 “Nominee” means a body corporate established by or under a law in force in
the Republic of Uganda wholly owned or controlled by the Government
pursuant to Article 11, designated for the purpose of holding Joint Venture
Interest in the Joint Venture Assets attributable to a Development Area, and
includes an approved assignee of such body corporate provided such assignee
satisfies the requirements of Article 11.
1.1.50 “Non-Associated Gas” means Natural Gas other than Associated Gas.
1.1.51 “Operating Expenses” means those expenses as so categorised in the
Accounting Procedure described in Annex “C”.
1.1.52 “Operator” means the Licensee charged by the Joint Operating Agreement
with the responsibility of carrying out the Petroleum Operations under the
terms of this Agreement.
1.1.53 “Operatorship” means responsibility assigned to person, company or entity to
conduct Petroleum Operations on behalf of the Licensee in the Licence Area.
1.1.54 “Participating Interest” in relation to any Licence held by Licensee hereunder
means an undivided and unencumbered interest in the rights and obligations
under the Licence.
1.1.55 “Participation Share of Production” has the meaning ascribed to it in paragraph
1.1.56 “Party”, or “Parties” means the signatories to this Agreement and any
successors or assignees thereof, either individually or collectively, as the case
1.1.57 “Petroleum” means “Crude Oil or Natural Gas”.
1.1.58 “Petroleum Operations” means Exploration Operations,
Operations and production operations.
1.1.59 “Pipeline Company” means the company referred to in Article 16.
1.1.60 “Production Licence” means a petroleum production licence granted pursuant
to Section 22 of the Act and the provisions of this Agreement.
1.1.61 “Regulations” means “The Petroleum Exploration and Production (Conduct of
Exploration Operations) Regulations, 1993”.
1.1.62 “Seaboard Terminal” means a terminal at any seaport agreed to by the parties
at which crude oil is lifted into the tankers for export.
1.1.63 “Signature Bonus” means a single, non-recoverable lump sum payment by the
Licensee to Government upon the granting of the Exploration Licence.
1.1.64 “Tax Year” shall mean a period of twelve (12) consecutive Calendar Months
commencing on 1st January and ending on the following 31st December,
according to the Gregorian Calendar.
1.1.65 “Uganda Shilling” means the lawful currency of the Republic of Uganda.
1.1.66 “USD” or “US$” means “United States Dollars”
1.1.67 “Venture Assets” means the property whether real or personal owned or
acquired by Licensee in connection with Petroleum Operations hereunder and
includes the Exploration Licence and any Production Licences granted
1.1.68 “Work Programme and Budget” means an itemised statement of Petroleum
Operations to be carried out in the Contract Area and a detailed breakdown of
the Contract Expenses associated therewith, including both capital and
operating budgets, all in a form acceptable to the Government.
Unlessotherwise defined herein, capitalised terms shall have the meaning
ascribed to them in the Act.
This Agreement constitutes an agreement made under Section 3 of the Act.
Responsibilities and Grant of Rights
Contemporaneously herewith, Licensee is granted, under and in accordance with the
Act, an Exploration Licence in respect of the Contract Area in the form set forth in
Annex A which shall take effect on the Effective Date. The said Exploration Licence
shall have a term not exceeding twelve (12) Calendar Months counted from the
Effective Date. There shall be no renewal for this ExplorationLicence.
Licensee shall, subject to the Act and Regulations and the terms and conditions herein
set forth, have the exclusive right to conduct Petroleum Operations within the
Contract Area for the term of the Exploration Licence and any Production Licence
granted to it in accordance with all applicable legislation and provisions of this
Licensee, on giving to the Government not less than ninety (90) days notice in writing
(the “Surrender Notice”), may:
3.3.1 Surrender its rights and be relieved of its obligations in respect of the whole of
the Contract Area if its minimum work and financial obligations under Article
4 have been fulfilled in accordance with Section 52 of the Act;
3.3.2 in respect of the Exploration Licence, elect to surrender its rights in respect of
the whole of the Contract Area and be relieved of its minimum work and
financial obligations under Article 4 at any time within sixty (60) days
following the date on which Licensee completes:
the interpretation of seismic works exceeding those provided under
paragraph 4.2.1 and actually being executed; or
the drilling, testing or plugging of any Exploration Well actually being
executed at the end of the preceding Exploration Period in which
event(s) the Surrender Notice shall be reduced to third (30) days; and
3.3.3 at any time after the grant of the Exploration Licence, surrender its rights and
be relieved of its obligations in respect of any block or blocks forming part of
the Contact Area provided, however, that no surrender by Licensee of its rights
over any part of the Contract Area shall relieve Licensee of its obligation to
satisfy the minimum work and financial obligations referred to in Article 4
hereof in respect of the Exploration Period during which it gives the Surrender
The Government reserves the right to grant licences to other legal persons to prospect
for, explore for and mine minerals other than petroleum within the Contract Area, and
further reserves to itself the right to so prospect, explore and mine directly. Licensee
shall use its best efforts to avoid obstruction or interference with such Licensees’ or
Government operations and similarly the Government shall use its best efforts to
ensure that its own operations or those of third parties do not obstruct or interfere with
Licensee’s Petroleum Operations within the Contract Area.
In the event that Licensee discovers minerals other than Petroleum in the Contract
Area which may be of economic value, it shall report such discovery to the
government within thirty (30) days of the making of such discovery and shall supply a
sample of such minerals to the Government.
If more than one person or entity comprises Licensee, the duties and obligations of the
persons or entities constituting Licensee hereunder shall be joint and several.
The Government shall in as far as is permitted by the law assist the Licensee to obtain
rights of ingress to and egress from the Contract Area and any petroleum facilities
used in Petroleum Operations and to obtain rights of way and rights to construct
related Petroleum Operations facilities as may be reasonably required by the Licensee.
The Licensee shall meet all the associated costs and expenses.
Exploration Work Programme
Licensee shall commence Exploration Operations in the Contract Area within two
(2)Calendar Months of the Effective Date.
In discharge of its obligation to carry out Exploration Operations in the Contract Area,
Licensee shall, in accordance with the provisions of this Article, carry out the
following minimum work programmes and shall expend not less than the
corresponding sums specified.
4.2.1 Minimum Work Programme
Preliminary geological and geophysical studies.
The drilling of three (03) wells.
4.2.2 Minimum Exploration Expenditure
US$ 9.50 million
Preliminary geological and geophysical studies US$ 500,000
For the purpose of this Article, Exploration Wells shall, except as provided in
paragraph 4.2, be drilled on a location determined by Licensee and the Government
and to a depth necessary for the evaluation of the sedimentary section established by
the available data as the deepest objective formation and consistent with Good
Oilfield Practices, unless before reaching the aforementioned depth:
basement is encountered;
further drilling would present a foreseeable danger which cannot reasonably be
impenetrable formations are encountered;
significant hydrocarbon-bearing formations are encountered which require
protecting, thereby preventing such depth from being reached.
In such circumstances, the drilling of any Exploration Well may be terminated at a
lesser depth and such Well shall, except where the circumstances described in
subparagraphs (a), (b) and (c) immediately above occur before Licensee has attained
two thirds of the target depth provided for in the drilling programme, relating to such
well, be deemed to have satisfied the minimum depth criteria provided for hereunder.
In all other circumstances in which a Well is terminated at a lesser depth, Licensee
shall have the option to either (i) drill a substitute Exploration Well or (ii) pay to the
Government the amount by which the drilling budget for such well on a dry hole
basis, pursuant to paragraph 4.2 exceeds actual expenditures incurred in the drilling
For the purpose of this paragraph 4.3, the term “Basement” shall mean the
geological basement below which hydrocarbons cannot be found and produced.
Compliance with the required minimum Exploration Expenditures shall not relieve
Licensee of its obligation to comply with the required minimum Work Programme
nor shall compliance with the required minimum Work Programme relieve Licensee
of its obligation to comply with the required minimum Exploration Expenditures.
The Exploration Licence issued to Licensee pursuant to Article 3 shall be on terms
and conditions relating to Minimum Work Programmes and Exploration Expenditures
which correspond to the obligations of Licensee under this Article and it is
accordingly understood and agreed that any discharge by Licensee of its obligations
under this Article will discharge the minimum work and expenditure obligations of
Licensee in respect of the Exploration Licence issued pursuant to Article 3 and the
terms and conditions of such Licence shall be drawn accordingly.
On or before the Effective Date, the Licensee shall provide a Performance
Security in the form of Insurance Bond or Bank Guarantee in the form set
forth in Annex D-I, and amounting to United States Dollars five hundred
thousand(USD 500,000.00) which shall, inter alia, guarantee the payment by
Licensee of the sums, if any, due and payable to the Government pursuant to
paragraph 4.6(b) and (c) hereunder.
If, upon the expiration of the Exploration Licence, or upon the date of
termination of this Agreement, or upon surrender of the entire Contract Area
by Licensee pursuant to paragraph 3.3, whichever first occurs, Licensee has
not expended for Exploration Operations sums (including any sums previously
paid pursuant to paragraph 4.6(c)) at least equal to the total minimum
Exploration Expenditures required hereunder the shortfall amount
corresponding to the unexpended minimum Exploration Expendituresshall be
paid by Licensee to the Government.
If, at the end of the term of the Exploration Licence Licensee has not expended
for Exploration Operations sums at least equal to the minimum Exploration
Expenditures required hereunder, the shortfall amount corresponding to the
unexpended minimum Exploration Expenditures shall be paid by the Licensee
to the Government.
For the purpose of this Agreement, and without prejudice to their recoverability as
Contract Expenses for other purposes under this Agreement, expenditure by Licensee
on the following shall not be treated as Exploration Expenditures for the purpose of
satisfying the minimum Exploration Expenditure obligations set out in paragraph 4.2:
any Appraisal Programme required to discharge Licensee’s obligations under
Section 18(1)(b) of the Act;
the value of stock items listed in inventory; provided, however, that any loss
on the disposal of any such stock item, as well as the book value of those stock
items (if any) which become the property of the Government pursuant to
paragraph 22.2, shall be treated as Exploration Expenditure obligations set
forth in paragraph 4.2,
property purchase or rental in connection with Petroleum Operations;
the training of Ugandan nationals pursuant to Article 21 of this Agreement;
any annual charges in respect of surface rentals due in accordance with Article
29 of this Agreement.
Not later than thirty (30) days after the Effective Date, a Committee shall be
established by the Government and Licensee to be known as the Advisory Committee.
The Advisory Committee shall consist of four (4) members, two (2) of whom shall be
appointed by the Government and two (2) by Licensee. The Chairman of the Advisory
Committee shall be designated by the Government from among the members it has
appointed. The Government and Licensee shall also designate alternate members and
shall have the right to designate an alternate member at any time, which right shall be
exercised by written notification addressed to the other Party hereto. In the case of
absence or incapacity of a member of the Committee, his alternate shall automatically
assume the rights and obligations of the absent or incapacitated member.
All meetings of the Advisory Committee shall be held in Kampala or such other place
in Uganda or elsewhere as may be unanimously agreed by the members of the
Committee. Ordinary meetings of the Advisory Committee shall be held at least twice
a year during the Exploration period and at least once a Calendar Quarter following
the grant of the first Production Licence. Special meetings of the Advisory Committee
may be called on reasonably notice by either Party for the purposes of reviewing any
major development or problems in Petroleum Operations, and recommending
appropriate action to be taken. Meetings of the Committee shall require a quorum of
all four (4) members. The secretaryship of the Advisory Committee shall be entrusted
to Licensee. Votes at the Advisory Committee meetings shall only be made on matters
included in the respective agenda, unless the members of the Advisory Committee
unanimously agree otherwise. Any member of the Committee may vote by written
and signed proxy held by another member. The Government and Licensee shall have
the right to bring expert advisors to any meeting of the Committee to assist in the
discussion of technical and other matters requiring expert advice provided that they
obtain a pledge of confidentiality from the said experts. It is understood that the
experts giving assistance to the Government must not demonstrate any links with oil
companies which are competing against the interests of the Licensee.
Without prejudice to the rights and obligations of Licensee for the conduct of the
Petroleum Operations carried out hereunder, the Advisory Committee shall have the
5.3.1 to review and approve:
any proposed Exploration Operations contained in the Work
Programmes and Budgets, or any amendment thereto, presented thereto
by Licensee under Article 6; and
any Appraisal Programmes, or any amendment thereto, presented thereto
by Licensee under Article 7 until such time as the provisions of
paragraph 5.3.2 are applicable;
5.3.2 at any time after the date on which an application for a Production Licence is
made by Licensee in respect of any part of the Contract Area, and for as long
as there is production from the Contract Area, to review and approve, subject
to such reasonable modifications as the Advisory Committee may consider
necessary, any Appraisal Programmes, or any material amendments thereto,
presented to the Committee by Licensee under Article 7;
5.3.3 to review and approve:
Work Programmes and Budgets, or any material amendment thereto,
presented to the Advisory Committee by Licensee which relate to
Development Operations; and
drilling programmes and related budgets submitted to the Advisory
Committee by Licensee pursuant to, and subject to the conditions
provided in Article 4 in respect of Exploration Wells;
5.3.4 to review and approve the production forecast statements prepared by Licensee
prior to their presentation to the Government pursuant to paragraph 7.8;
5.3.5 to ensure that the accounting of costs and expenses and the maintenance of
operating records and reports for the Petroleum Operations are made in
accordance with this Agreement and the accounting principles and procedures
generally accepted in the international petroleum industry; and
5.3.6 to review and make recommendations to Licensee with respect to any
proposals made by Licensee concerning the application for the surrender or
relinquishment of any part of the Contract Area.
Decisions of the Advisory Committee pursuant to paragraph 5.3 shall be made
unanimously through consultation. All decisions made unanimously shall be equally
binding upon the Government and Licensee. Without limitation to the foregoing, any
Development Plan recommend by the Advisory Committee shall be deemed to have
met the requirements of Section 21(1) of the Act. Regarding the matters on which
agreement cannot be reached, the Government and Licensee may convene another
meeting and shall attempt, in good faith, to find another solution. However, if the
Advisory Committee fails thereafter to reach a decision on the matters specified in
paragraph 5.3 above;
within thirty (30) days of the date of the Advisory Committee meeting at
which Licensee’s first submission in respect of the matters specified in
paragraphs 5.3.1, 5.3.5 and 5.3.6 above is considered; or
within forty-five (45) days of the date of the Advisory Committee meeting at
which Licensee’s first submission in respect of the matters specified in
paragraphs 5.3.2, 5.3.3 and 5.3.4; is considered;
the Parties may refer for matter for determination in accordance with paragraph 26.2.
The determination in accordance with paragraph 26.2shall be final and with this
determination the programme, budget or forecast shall be deemed to have been
approved by the Advisory Committee as determined, except that Licensee, may, in the
case of a determination made concerning matters specified in paragraph 5.3.2, within
thirty (30) days of receipt of such determination notify the Government that the
Discovery to which such programme relates is no longer considered to be of
commercial or potential commercial interest, as the case may be, within the meaning
of proviso (i) to Section 18(1)(b) of the Act. If Licensee so notifies the Government,
the provisions of Section 19 of the Act shall apply.
Licensee’s proposal shall prevail provided that such proposal is not inconsistent with
the relevant provisions of this Agreement and in particular, the minimum work and
expenditure obligations specified in Article 4.
All costs and expenses associated with the activities of the Advisory Committee
which are borne by Licensee may be treated as Contract Expenses.
Work Programmes and Budgets
So long as any Exploration Licence or Production Licence issued to Licensee herein
remains in force, within thirty (30) days from the Effective Date, Licensee shall
prepare and submit to the Advisory Committee for its review and, where required
pursuant to Article 5, approval, a detailed Work Programme and Budget, setting forth
the Exploration Operations and/or Development Operations which Licensee proposes
to carry out during the licence period and the estimated cost thereof. The Work
Programme and Budget for the period from the date of effectiveness of the
Exploration Licence to the end of the said licence shall be presented to the Advisory
Committee within thirty (30) days of the Effective Date for review in accordance with
A Work Programme and Budget submitted to the Advisory Committee during the
Exploration Period pursuant to this Article and every revision or amendment thereof
shall be consistent with the requirements set out in Article 4 relating to minimum
work and expenditure for the Exploration Period within which the Work Programme
and Budget will fall.
After giving notice to the Advisory Committee, Licensee may amend any aspect of
the Work Programme or Budget relating to Exploration Operations submitted to the
Advisory Committee provided such amendment is consistent with Licensee’s
obligations under Article 4. Any notice given pursuant to this paragraph shall state the
reasons why, in the opinion of Licensee, an amendment is necessary or desirable and
the views and recommendations of the Advisory Committee with respect to any such
amendment shall be given due consideration by Licensee. In all other cases where
Licensee wishes to amend the Work Programme and Budget, the amendment shall be
referred to the Advisory Committee for its review and approval, which approval shall
not be unreasonably withheld, before Licensee may proceed with its operations on the
basis of such amended Work Programme and Budget.
Discovery, Development and Production
Where, pursuant to Section 18 of the Act, notice has been given to the Government of
a Discovery in the Contract Area, Licensee shall forthwith inform the Government of
the steps it proposes to take to satisfy the requirements of Section 18(1)(a)(iii) of the
Unless, following a Discovery by Licensee in the Contract Area, Licensee gives in
respect of such Discovery a notice to the Minister for the purpose of paragraph (i) of
the provision to Section 18(1)(b) of the Act or unless the provisions of paragraph (ii)
of that proviso are otherwise applicable, Licensee shall promptly after the technical
evaluation of the test results relating to such Discovery has been completed, prepare
and submit for the consideration of the Advisory Committee its proposals for an
Appraisal Programme to meet its obligations as Licensee under the Act.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event that Licensee notifies the Government
within thirty (30) days following the date on which its technical evaluation of the test
results relating to a Discovery has been submitted to the Government, the said
Discovery does not in and of itself warrant immediate appraisal and provides
reasonable justification therefor, an exemption from the requirements of Section 18
(1)(b) of the Act may be granted by the Minister, pursuant to paragraph (ii) of the
proviso to that Section, for so long thereafter as Licensee is carrying out continuous
Exploration Operations in the Contract Area.
As soon as the Advisory Committee has, pursuant to paragraph 5.3.2, reviewed and
approved an Appraisal Programme submitted by Licensee as aforesaid, Licensee shall
promptly thereafter commence implementation thereof.
(i) If during the term of any Exploration Licence, Licensee makes a Discovery of
Petroleum in the Contract Area which alone, or in conjunction with other
discoveries previously made in the Contract Area might be developed and
brought into early production with a view to satisfying the internal consumption
requirements of Uganda, the Government may notify Licensee accordingly upon
which the Parties shall meet to determine whether the development of the said
Discovery or Discoveries would be economically and technically feasible.
(ii) In determining whether the Discovery or Discoveries as the case may be is (are)
economically and technically feasible, the Parties shall consider whether an early
production scheme would, inter alia, jeopardise the subsequent recovery of
Petroleum from the Petroleum Reservoir(s), create a health or safety risk or
would otherwise involve a departure from the standards of Good Oilfield
(iii) In the event that the Parties determine the Discovery or Discoveries as the case
may be to be economically and technically feasible and agree upon the terms and
conditions for the implementation of an early production scheme (including
offtake arrangements), a Production Licence shall be granted to Licensee in
respect of the Discovery Area(s) subject thereto and thereafter Licensee shall
complete the facilities necessary for the Government to take delivery of
production from the said Discovery Area(s) ex-field and all costs associated
with the taking of delivery therefrom shall be for the Government’s account.
The production shall be sold at Market Price as computed in accordance with
Article 15 and payment shall be made in United States Dollars within sixty (60)
days following the end of the Calendar Month in which deliveries are made.
It is understood, however, that Licensee shall not be required to produce crude
oil at a rate higher than the Maximum Efficient Rate in connection with the
(iv) Any crude oil production delivered to the Government pursuant to the
provisions of this paragraph 7.4 (iii) shall serve to reduce Licensee’s obligation
to otherwise supply crude oil for the internal consumption requirements of
Uganda pursuant to paragraph 18.1 and will not prejudice Licensee’s rights
under paragraph 7.8 thereafter in respect of the subsequent grant of a Production
Licence in relation to a wider Discovery Area(s) which includes the said
Discovery Area(s). It is understood, however, that crude oil production shall
continue to be made available to the Government in accordance with the terms
and conditions agreed to in 7.4 (iii) above.
Nothing in this Article shall require Licensee to undertake the completion of the
field facilities required for the early production scheme in the event that
Licensee reasonably determines that such scheme (including the terms and
conditions for the implementation thereof) is not economically or technically
Before applying for a Production Licence pursuant to Section 20 of the Act, Licensee
shall consult with the Advisory Committee in connection with the preparation of a
Development Plan to be submitted by Licensee to the Minister in accordance with
Section 21 of the Act.
If the Parties are unable to settle amicably any dispute or difference as to whether the
Development Plan meets the requirements of Section 21 of the Act within twelve (12)
Calendar Months of the date of the Minister’s aforesaid notification, either Party may
refer the matter to a sole expert pursuant to Article 26.
If, as a consequence of the said award, Licensee determines that the development
project (in respect of which the Development Plan was submitted) ceases to be
commercially attractive, Licensee may so notify the Government in writing within six
(6) Calendar Months of the date of said award, whereupon the Government shall have
the right to require Licensee to relinquish its rights with respect to the Discovery
Areas which are the subject of such Development Plan and to forfeit its rights to any
subsequent production therefrom.
Upon submission by Licensee of a Development Plan that meets the requirements of
Section 23 of the Act together with the application for a Production Licence, the
Minister shall promptly issue to Licensee a Production Licence in the form attached
hereto in Annex “B-II” covering the Development Area for a period not exceeding
twenty five (25) years counted from its date of issuance.
A Production Licence shall be renewable upon application, by Licensee in the
prescribed manner, for a term equal to the period between the initial grant of such
Production Licence and the commencement of Commercial Production, but in no
event exceeding five (5) years. The Minister shall not impose conditions for the
granting or renewal of a Petroleum Production Licence under Sections 22(a) and 28of
the Act which are inconsistent with the terms of this Agreement or the requirements
of the Act.
Licensee shall use its best efforts to produce Crude Oil from each Development Area
at the Maximum Efficient Rate. The Maximum Efficient Rate of production for Crude
Oil and the production rate for Non-associated Gas shall be estimated in the
Development Plan for each such area.
Such rates shall be reviewed annually at the time of submission by Licensee of the
annual Work Programme and Budget to the Advisory Committee pursuant to
paragraph 5.3.3 and revised, if necessary, by mutual agreement.
Not less than sixty (60) days prior to the beginning of each Calendar Year following
the commencement of Commercial Production, Licensee shall prepare and furnish to
the Government for its review and approval (which approval shall not be
unreasonably withheld) a forecast statement setting forth by Calendar Quarter, the
total quantity of Crude Oil (by quality, grade and gravity) and Natural Gas that
Licensee estimates can be produced, saved and transported hereunder from each
Development Area during such calendar year in accordance with Good Oilfield
Practices. Licensee shall endeavour to produce in each Calendar Year the forecast
In the event that Licensee wishes to establish a refinery to refine the Crude Oil and
Natural Gas that the Licensee estimates can be produced, Government may grant the
Licensee the right to establish such refinery.
Records, Reports, Data and Inspection
Licensee shall prepare and maintain accurate and current records of Petroleum
Operations and its activities in the Contract Area hereunder. The accounting records
will be maintained in accordance with accepted international petroleum industry
practices and standards. Licensee shall furnish the Government in conformity with the
Act and this Agreement, and as the Government may reasonably require information,
reports and data concerning its activities and operations under this Agreement.
The Government and its duly authorised representatives shall have full and complete
access to the Contract Area at all reasonable times with a right to observe Petroleum
Operations and upon at least thirty (30) days advance written notice to the Licensee
shall have the right to inspect all assets, records and Data owned or maintained by
Licensee relating to Petroleum Operations and this Agreement. In doing so, the
Government and its representatives shall not unduly interfere with Licensee’s
Petroleum Operations. Licensee shall provide the Government on a daily basis with
copies of any Data acquired in the Petroleum Operations (including geological and
geophysical reports, logs and well surveys) and information and final interpretations
of such Data in the Licensee’s possession that are acquired during Petroleum
Operations. However, the Government and its representatives may make a reasonable
number of surveys, drawings, tests and copies for the purpose of implementing this
Agreement. In so doing, the Government and its representatives shall be entitled to
make reasonable use of the equipment or instruments of Licensee provided that no
damage to the equipment or instruments or interference with the Petroleum
Operations hereunder shall result after such use. The Government and its
representatives shall be given reasonable assistance by Licensee for such functions,
and Licensee shall afford to the Government and its representatives all facilities and
privileges afforded to its own personnel in the field including the use of office space
and housing free of charge.
Licensee shall save and keep for the duration of this contract a representative portion
of each sample of cores, cuttings and fluids taken from all Wells drilled which shall
be forwarded to the Government or its representatives at such time and in the manner
directed by the Government. All cores and samplesacquired by Licensee shall be
available for inspection by the government or its representatives at all reasonable
times. Notwithstanding the above, Operator shall supply to the Commissioner,
Petroleum Exploration and Production Department a telefaxed or emailed summary of
field geological, and/or geophysical operations from any field geological or
geophysical survey being carried out including but not limited to: details of locations
sampled, foot traverses measured, kilometers of magnetic, gravity, seismic data
acquired, etc.; an on a daily basis a telefax/email containing details of drilling
operations carried out during the previous 24 hours including but not limited to a
summary of lithologies penetrated, encountered tops
encountered, gas and oil shows, tests, cores and logging runs, future plans (including
abandonment plans at least 24 hours prior to inception) and on a regular basis, and at
any rate not later than four months after the conclusion of any geological, geophysical
or drilling operation, reproducible copies and digital tapes of all surface logs,
magnetic gravity, seismic and other records as well as processed data, and all
subsurface information including but not limited to geological, electrical, mechanical
and other logs, surveys, reports, records, from a well on the geology and drilling
operations carried out as well as final well reports and final completion logs, together
with one envelope of washed and dried ditch cuttings and one cloth bag of unwashed
ditch cuttings at all sampling intervals and one half of each core.
Notwithstanding paragraph 8.3 above, Licensee shall be freely permitted to export
samples for purposes of testing and analysis. Originals of technical data and records
can be exported with the permission of the Government provided that an exact copy
of that data, on a storage media similar to that being exported, is maintained in the
Republic of Uganda and provided that such exported records and data shall be
repatriated to the Republic of Uganda.
In addition to the material stipulated in paragraph 8.3, supra, Licensee shall provide,
in accordance with the standards and practice of the Petroleum Industry, at no cost to
the Government, in an appropriate and reproducible form and in a prompt and timely
manner all maps, sections, profiles and other representative original and
interpretational geophysical, geological or engineering data (“Data”). Such Data
(which shall include all magnetic tapes and any other storage media, whether raw,
processed or reprocessed) shall be forwarded to the Government or its representatives
in the prescribed manner or otherwise at such time and in the manner directed by the
Subject to the provisions of paragraph 8.6, all original data resulting from Petroleum
Operations are the property of the Republic of Uganda, including, but not limited to,
geological, geophysical, petrophysical, engineering, well logs, magnetic tapes, cuts of
core and cutting samples, production data and completionstatus reports and any other
data which, the Licensee may compile during the term hereof, including all reports,
analyses, interpretations, maps and evaluations thereof prepared by the Licensee and
any sub-licensees or consultants to the Licensee or by Affiliated Companies, and
cuttings of all samples that have been obtained or compiled during the term hereof (in
this Agreement referred to as “Data”).
Except as provided in paragraphs 8.7 and 8.8, all Data submitted to the Government
by Licensee shall be kept confidential and not reproduced or disclosed to third parties
by any party to this Agreement except, in the case of disclosure by the Licensee, with
the prior written consent of the Government or, in the case of disclosure by the
Government prior to the relinquishment of the area to which they relate, with the prior
written consent of Licensee, which consents (whether of the Government or Licensee)
shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed.
The provisions of paragraph 8.6 shall not prevent disclosure by:
Licensee to an Affiliated Company, its home government or any department,
agency or instrumentality thereof, if required by law, recognised stock
exchanges on which shares of the Licensee or its Affiliated Companies are
traded, financial institutions and professional advisers and arbitrators and
experts appointed pursuant to Article 26 of this Agreement;
Licensee to bona fide prospective assignees of a Participating Interest or to a
corporation with which Licensee is conducting bona fide negotiations directed
towards a merger or consolidation, upon fifteen (15) days prior written notice
to the Government indentifying the parties to which disclosure will be made;
provided, however, that the Government may veto any such disclosure where a
party to which such disclosure is proposed is in bona fide discussions with the
Government regarding rights to conduct Petroleum Operations in Uganda;
The Government to any agency of the Government, financial institution or
person acting as a consultant or professional adviser to the Government,
and arbitrators and experts appointed pursuant to Article 26 of this Agreement;
The Government for statistical purposes or in connection with award of new
The Licensee or one or more of its Affiliated Companies under Applicable
Law or by a government order, decree, regulation or rule of any recognized
stock exchange on which it or its Affiliated Company’s shares are listed.
All Data disclosed to third persons shall be disclosed on terms, which to the extent
possible ensure that the same are treated as confidential by the recipient for so long as
such Data remains subject to the confidentiality undertakings specified in paragraph
Without prejudice to the above provisions, the Government may provide data and
information, that may come into its possession and may be relevant to enable the
Licensee carry out its exploration activities under this Agreement. The Data shall be
treated with confidentiality and shall not be disclosed to third parties without the
written consent of Government.
None of the Parties hereto shall be bound by the confidentiality undertaking set forth
in paragraph 8.6 with respect to any Data which are or become in the public domain
through no fault of such Party or which were already known by such Party before the
Effective Date or which became known to such Party other than by reason of a breach
of the undertakings in paragraph 8.6.
Licensee shall disclose to Government the technology necessary for the evaluation
and understanding of any raw data or processed data resulting from Licensee’s work
in the Contract Area.
Upon the signing of this Agreement Licensee shall pay to Government a sum of
United States dollars two hundred thousand (US$200,000.00) as Signature Bonus.
Upon declaration of any discovery made pursuant to the Exploration Licence,
Licensee shall pay to Government a sum of United States dollars two million
(US$2,000,000) as Discovery Bonus.
Royalty and Additional Royalty
10.1.1 In respect of the requirements of Section 47 of the Act, Licensee shall pay to
Government the following Royalty on the Gross Total Daily Production in
Barrels of oil per day (BOPD) for each Contract Area, such Gross Total Daily
Production defined as the total output of crude oil (including liquid petroleum
gas) less all water and sediments produced and all amounts of hydrocarbons
re-injected into the Petroleum Reservoir.
Gross Total Daily Production (BOPD)
Where the production does not exceed 2,500
Where the production is
higher than 2,500 but does not exceed 5,000
(iii) Where the production is higher
than 5,000 but does not exceed7,500
(iv) Where the production exceeds7,500
10.1.2 The Royalty stipulated in paragraph 10.1.1shall be received by Government on
a monthly basis whether in kind or in cash depending on Government’s
preference. Government shall have the right to receive Royalty in cash US
Dollars, on a Monthly basis, notifying the Licensee of its choice 30 days in
advance. If such notification is not made by Government, the Royalty shall be
collected by Government in kind at the point of collection.
10.1.3 Royalty shall be calculated on a daily basis on an incremental basis and not on
total daily production.
10.1.4 The BOPD calculation shall be done monthly on the basis of daily production.
10.1.5 Save for the Additional Royalty referred to in Article 10.2.1(B), Royalties on
gas (Gas Royalty) will be negotiated upon the discovery of gas.
10.2.1 (A) Licensee shall pay to Government the following Additional Royalty as a
percentage of the value of the recovered reserves on the basis of Gross Total
Daily Production in Barrels of oil equivalent per day (BOEPD) for each
Contract Area, such Gross Total Daily Production defined as the total output
of crude oil (including liquid petroleum gasbut excluding gas which is
provided for Article 10.2.1(B)) less all water and sediments produced and all
amounts of hydrocarbons re-injected into the Petroleum Reservoir.
Recovered Cumulative Petroleum (Million Barrels)Additional Royalty
Where the recovered cumulative Petroleum does not
Where the recovered cumulative Petroleum is higher
than 50 but does not exceed 100
Where the recovered cumulative Petroleum is higher
than 100 but does not exceed 150
Where the recovered cumulative Petroleum is higher
than 150 but does not exceed 250
Where the recovered cumulative Petroleum is higher
than 250 but does not exceed 350
Where the recovered cumulative Petroleum is higher
(B) Licensee shall pay to Government an Additional Royalty on gas which is
sold to the local market or exploited for export (Sales Gas). Such Additional
Royalty on Sales Gas shall be the percentage shown below and shall be
calculated by reference to the volume of Sales Gas sold by Licensee for each
Recovered Sales Gas
Where the recovered Sales Gas does not
Exceed 300 billion Cubic Feet (bcf)
Where the recovered cumulative Sale Gas is higher
Than 300 bcf but does not exceed 600 bcf
Where the recovered cumulative Sales Gas is higher
Than 600 bcf but does not exceed 900 bcf
Where the recovered cumulative Sales Gas is higher
Than 900 bcf but does not exceed 1.5 trillion
Cubic Feet (tcf)
Where the recovered cumulative Sales Gas is higher
Than 1.5 tcf but does not exceed 2 tcf
(viii) Where the recovered cumulative Sales Gas is higher
Than 2 tcf
and Cubic Feet shall mean the volume of gas that occupies one (1)
cubic foot of space as measured at a temperature of sixty degrees
Fahrenheit (60F) and at the absolute pressure of fourteen decimal six
nine six (14.696) pounds per square inch.
10.2.2 The Additional Royaltiesstipulated in paragraph 10.2.1 shall be received by
Government on a monthly basis whether in kind or in cash depending on
Government’s preference. Government shall have the right to receive such
Royalties in cash Dollars, on a Monthly basis, notifying the Licensee of its
choice thirty (30) days in advance. If such notification is not made by
Government, the relevant Royalty shall be collected by Government in kind at
the point of collection.
10.2.3 The BOEPD calculation pursuant to Article 10.2.1(A) shall be done monthly
on the basis of daily production and the Additional Royalty on Sales Gas
calculation pursuant to Article 10.2.1(B) shall be done monthly on the basis of
the volumes of Sales Gas sold by the licensee multiplied by the gas price.
Government or its Nominee may elect to enter into a Joint Venture Agreement with
Licensee thereby allowing for State Participation for no more than fifteen percent
(15%) and Government shall inform Licensee of its decision in writing within 120
days of the receipt of the application for a Production Licence. Government or its
nominee shall be entitled to participate in Development Area by Development Area.
Licensee agrees to carry the costs of Government or its Nominee through
development to production. These costs are recoverable including interest at the
London Inter Bank Offer Rate (LIBOR) quoted at or about 11:00 am on the date next
to when they were incurred by the Licensee. These costs will be repaid out of the
Licensee’s cost recovery oil. Government will be responsible for any taxes arising out
of its share of the Joint Venture.
For purposes of this provision the Venture Assets attributable to a
Development Area (hereinafter called the “Joint Venture Assets”) are:
In case of the first production Licence granted, the Production Licence
and any real or personal property wherever the same may be situated,
acquired for the purpose of carrying on Joint Operations in the
Development Area subject thereto or acquired for the purpose of
carrying on Petroleum Operations in the Contract Area where such
property was acquired before the grant of the first Production Licence;
in the case of a second or subsequent Production Licence granted, that
Production Licence and any real or personal property acquired for the
purpose of carrying on Joint Operations in that Development Area or
acquired for the purpose of carrying on Petroleum Operations or Joint
Operations in the Contract Area where such property was acquired after
the date on which a Production Licence was last granted and before the
grant of the second or, as the case maybe the next subsequent Production
Immediately following the grant of each Production Licence, Licensee, or each
entity comprising Licensee at that time, will promptly take such action as may
be necessary to assign to the Nominee of the Government, an undivided
proportionate share in the Venture Assets equal to the Nominee of the
Government’s Participating Percentage Interest with effect that thereafter,
Licensee, or each such entity, shall have an interest in the Joint Venture Assets
(hereinafter referred to as its “Joint Venture Interest”) equal to its Participating
Interest in those Assets immediately before the grant of such Production
Licence reduced by the product of that interest and the Joint Venture Interest
acquired by the Nominee of the Government.
11.3 “Participation Share of Production” means a proportion of the Petroleum produced and
saved from the Contract Area and not used or lost in Joint Operations and such
proportion attributable to Licensee and the Nominee of the Government shall be equal
to their respective Joint Venture Interests in Joint Venture Assets.
For purposes of cost recovery, ring fencing around each Contract Area shall apply. In
the event that a Licensee has more than one Contract Area, the calculations shall be
done on a contract by contract basis. There shall be no consolidation.
All Exploration Expenditures, Development and Production Expenditures and
Operating Expenses, as defined in Annex C, incurred by the Licensee shall be
recovered by 60% of gross oil production and 70% for gas after deduction of the
Royalties specified in paragraphs 10.1 and 10.2.
The Licensee shall carry forward to subsequent years all unrecovered costs until full
recovery is completed.
Not less than thirty (30) days prior to the beginning of each Calendar Year, Licensee
shall prepare and furnish to the Government for approval, which approval shall not be
unreasonably withheld, an estimate by Calendar Quarters for the forthcoming
Calendar Year of (i) all Contract Revenues and Contract Expenses to be incurred, (ii)
Income Tax of Licensee (or each entity comprising Licensee, as the case may be) in
respect of taxable income derived from Petroleum Operations carried out hereunder,
for such Calendar Year. Such estimate shall be consistent with the forecast statement
furnished pursuant to paragraph 7.9 and the annual Work Programme Budget
approved by the Advisory Committee pursuant to Article 5, and shall set forth the
other assumptions and projections upon which it is based. Calendar Quarterly updates
of such estimate shall be submitted by Licensee to the Government for approval
(which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld) within thirty (30) days after the
end of each Calendar Quarter.
After the cost recovery specified in paragraph 12.2, the following
Government/Licensee split will apply on the remaining total daily production (Profit
(iii) Where production
is higher than
10,000 but does
not exceed 20,000
(iv) Where production
is higher than
20,000 but does not
does not exceed 5,000
Where production is
than 5000 but does not
is higher than
30,000 but does not
(vi) Where production
is higher than
The Government/Licensee profit oil split is based on incremental production.
Government shall have the right to receive its share of Profit Oil in cash in US Dollars
or in kind, on a Calendar Quarter basis, notifying the Licensee of its choice thirty (30)
days in advance. If such notification is not made by Government, the Profit Oil shall
be collected by Government in kind at the point of collection. The valuation shall be
in accordance with paragraph 15.1.1.
All central, district administrative, municipal and other local administrators’ or other
taxes, duties, levies or other lawful impositions applicable to Licensee shall be paid by
the Licensee in accordance with the laws of Uganda in a timely fashion.
Any tax disputes shall be handled in accordance with the dispute resolution
mechanisms stipulatedunder the Laws of Uganda.
Valuation and Measurement of Petroleum
Crude Oil shall, for all purposes of this Agreement, be valued at the end of each
Month as follows:
15.1.1 Except as provided in paragraph 15.1.2, the market price (“Market Price”)
used to value Crude Oil shall, where arm’s length sales transactions is freely
convertible currencies of Crude Oil to third parties have been made during the
preceding month, be the weighted average of the per Barrel net realised price
obtained FOB at the Seaboard Terminal or any other point of export for such
arm’s length third party sales less, in the event that a separate pipeline
company is formed pursuant to paragraph 16.2, the average tariff charge per
Barrel for such month imposed by the pipeline company for transporting the
oil from the Delivery Point to the Seaboard Terminal or any other point of
15.1.2 If less than fifty percent (50%), by volume, of Crude Oil sales from the
Contract Area during such month fall under paragraph 15.1.1, the Market Price
for such month shall be the simple arithmetical average of the prevailing per
Barrel selling prices in such quarter of a basket of the three (3) most similar
internationally trade crude oils listed by the American Petroleum
Institute(API) and chosen from the major crude oil producing countries in the
Arabian Gulf and Africa, taking into account differences in point of sale,
quality, grade, gravity or sulphur content and any special terms and conditions
relating to the sale of such crude oils, less, in the event that a separate pipeline
company is formed pursuant to paragraph 16.2, the average tariff charge per
Barrel for that month imposed by the pipeline company for the transportation
of Crude Oil hereunder from the Delivery Point to the FOB Seaboard Terminal
or any other point of export.
15.1.3 For the purposes of determining the Market Price as described above, no
account shall be taken of Crude Oil sales to Affiliated Companies or restricted
or distress transactions or any transactions not at arm’s length including
government to government, barter or discount deals.
15.1.4 The Market Price shall be determined at the end of each month in United
States Dollars in accordance with paragraph 15.1.
Any disagreement concerning the determination of Market Price under paragraph 15.1
shall be first considered by a pricing committee composed of two (2) representatives
from the Government and two (2) representatives from Licensee. In the event the
pricing committee cannot reach a unanimous decision within thirty (30) days of the
end of the relevant month, either party may refer the matter for determination by an
expert in accordance with paragraph 26.2. During such referral, which shall in no
event take longer than thirty (30) days, the Market Price for the preceding month shall
apply and adjustments, if any, shall be made in the following month based on the
decision of the expert.
Natural Gas shall be valued in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 19.4.
Licensee shall install, operate and maintain at the Delivery Point equipment for
measuring the volume and quality of the Petroleum produced and saved hereunder,
including gravity, density, temperature and pressure measuring devices and any other
devices that may be required for the purposes of implementing this Agreement. All
measurement equipment and devices shall, prior to their installation or usage, be
approved by the Government, which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld or
delayed. The Government or its authorised representatives, at its own expense and
risk (Save where injury or damage results from the Gross Negligence or Willful
Misconduct of Licensee), shall have the right to inspect and require Licensee to test in
its presence such equipment and devices at all reasonable times. The equipment and
devices used or installed pursuant to this paragraph shall not be replaced or altered
without the prior approval of the Government, which approval shall not be
unreasonably withheld or delayed; provided, however, that in the case of urgency or
so as to prevent the interruption of ongoing production, Licensee may proceed with
such replacement or alteration without the prior approval of the Government but shall
immediately thereafter notify the Government of such replacement or alteration.
Licensee shall undertake to measure the volume and quality of the Petroleum
produced and saved hereunder, consistent with generally accepted practices in the
international petroleum industry, with the frequency and according to procedures
which shall be approved by the Government, which approval shall not be
unreasonably withheld or delayed.
If it is determined, following an inspection or test carried out or witnessed by the
Government or its representatives, that the equipment, devices or procedures used for
measurement are inaccurate and exceed the permissible tolerances which shall be
established by agreement between the Government and Licensee with reference to
normal international oil industry standards, and such determination is verified by an
independent surveyor of international repute acceptable to both parties, such
inaccuracy shall be deemed to have existed for one-half of the period since the last
pervious such inspection or test, unless it is proved that such inaccuracy has been in
existence for a longer or shorter period. Appropriate adjusting payments or refunds
covering such period shall be made within thirty (30) days from the date of such
Licensee shall have the right to take and transport to an ocean port or other point of
loading for export all Petroleum to which it is entitled hereunder and, in connection
therewith, shall have the right to construct, operate and maintain an export pipeline,
pumping stations, storage and related Seaboard Terminal or other facilities. The
Government shall assist Licensee on matters involving rights of way, licences or other
authorizations required under Uganda law in connection with such facilities and shall
assist Licensee in its negotiations with neighbouring countries regarding rights of way
and other conditions relating to the construction, operation and maintenance of such
facilities in such countries.
It is understood by the Parties hereto that the construction, financing, operation and
maintenance of an export pipeline, pumping stations and related Seaboard Terminal or
other facilities shall be carried on through a separate pipeline company (“the Pipeline
Company”) which shall be responsible for the handling and transportation of
Petroleum from the Delivery Point in Uganda to the ocean port or other point of
loading. In such event, the operations of the Pipeline Company will not be included
within the meaning of Petroleum Operations under this Agreement and any related
Any Development Plan submitted to the Minister by Licensee pursuant to Section
21of the Act shall include Licensee’s proposal with regards to the arrangements for
the transportation to the terminal of each of the Parties' production entitlements
In the event the said transportation arrangements involve the formation of a separate
Pipeline Company pursuant to paragraph 16.2, such proposals shall, unless otherwise
agreed, be consistent with the following principles:
(a) each Party shall assume and pay the transportation tariffs charged by the Pipeline
Company related to their respective shares of the Petroleum transported, which
obligation may, in the case of the Nominee or the Government, be discharged by
each of the Nominee and the Government foregoing in favour of the Pipeline
Company a portion of their respective production entitlements so transported
equal in value to the tariffs due in respect of the transportation of such production
entitlements from the Delivery Point to the FOB Seaboard Terminal point of
the transportation tariff charged, to the extent that the Parties hereto are able to
determine the same, shall be set at a level at which the Pipeline Company will
cover the costs of constructing, financing, operating and maintaining the export
pipeline and related facilities together with a reasonable return thereon; such
return will be determined having regard to the risks assumed by shareholders of
the Pipeline Company in outlaying the funds for the construction, operation and
maintenance of such facilities and the cost of borrowing such funds as are
(c) in the case of proposals by Licensee for the initial construction of the export
pipeline, such proposals shall ensure that the pipeline and related facilities are of
sufficient design capacity to handle and transport to the Seaboard Terminal or
other delivery point, the estimated production entitlements of all Parties hereto
from the Contract Area. If at any time, the throughput capacity of such facilities
should be insufficient to handle and transport the respective production
entitlements of such Parties, available capacity shall be shared between the
Parties in the portion which each Party’s production entitlement bears to the total
quantity of production which would otherwise be available for transportation
The Government or its Nominee shall be fully involved in the determination of the
tariff charges for the pipeline.
Transportation tariff charges of the Pipeline Company to the Delivery Point shall be
allowable Contract Expenses hereunder.
Transportation tariff charges of the Pipeline Company, and any costs incurred beyond
the Delivery Point shall not be allowable Contract Expenses hereunder.
Marketing and Lifting
It is understood that Licensee may itself purchase the Government’s or its Nominee’s
production entitlement made available pursuant to this paragraph in lieu of disposal of
same to third parties, in which event the price at which any such purchase by Licensee
shall be effected shall be determined pursuant to Article 15. In the event that Licensee
elects not to exercise its rights under paragraph 17.2, the Government may, at any
time by notice in writing to Licensee, also require Licensee to assist the Government
in the sale of all or part of the Government Production Share attributable to
Government pursuant to Article 13. The terms and conditions on which Licensee will
so assist the Nominee and/or the Government to any such disposal will be agreed
between the Government and/or the Nominee, as the case may be, and Licensee.
Licensee shall have the right to purchase all or any part of the Government Production
Share attributable pursuant to Article 13 upon giving written notice to the
Government not less than ninety (90) days prior to the commencement of each six (6)
Calendar Months of each Calendar Year, specifying the quantity which it elects to
purchase, provided, however, that such right of purchase shall not apply in respect of
all or any part of the Government Production Share which may be required to satisfy
the requirements of internal consumption of Uganda or in connection with
government to government sales or with barter transactions and provided further that
the price at which any such purchase by Licensee shall be effected shall be determined
pursuant to Article 15. The Licensee’s right to purchase any part of Government’s
Production Share should not be used in such a manner as to leave Government with
only a small volume of production that is unnecessarily difficult and expensive to
Not less than twelve (12) Calendar Months prior to the commencement of
Commercial Production from any Development Area, Licensee shall submit to the
Government for approval proposed procedures and related operating regulations and
financial terms covering the scheduling storage and lifting of Crude Oil from each
such Development Area.
The procedures, regulations and terms shall comprehend the subjects necessary to
efficient and equitable operations including, but not limited to: rights of Parties,
notification time, maximum and minimum quantities, duration of storage, scheduling,
conservation, spillage, liabilities of the Parties and penalties for over and under-lifting
safety and emergency procedures. To the extent that such procedures, regulations and
terms are consistent with generally accepted practices in the International Petroleum
Industry, the Government may not unreasonably withhold such approval.
The Parties shall consult together regularly in order to establish a provisional
collection programme. The Parties shall draw up, before the commencement of any
commercial production in the Production Licence, a collection procedure laying down
the methods for applying the present Article.
Out of the total quantity of Crude Oil production to which the Licensee is entitled in
each Calendar Quarter, the Government may elect to take a quantity of Crude Oil, of
the gravity, grade and quality of its choice, that the Government requires to satisfy the
requirements of internal consumption in Uganda for such Calendar Year. The
Government shall reimburse the Licensee for such quantity in United States Dollars at
the price as calculated pursuant to paragraph 15.1 hereof within thirty (30) days after
the end of the Calendar Month in which such delivery takes place, unless otherwise
agreed between the parties. The maximum quantity of Crude Oil that the Government
may take to satisfy the internal consumption requirements of the country shall be
calculated by multiplying the total quantity of Crude Oil produced from the Contract
Area during the period under consideration, less consumption of Crude Oil incidental
to Petroleum Operations, by a fraction, the numerator of which is the internal
consumption requirements of Uganda during the period, and the denominator of
which is the volume of Crude Oil produced by Uganda by all Licensees (including
Licensee). Any Crude Oil production dedicated to an early production scheme in any
such Calendar year pursuant to paragraph 7.4 shall be deducted from the maximum
quantity so determined for such Calendar Year.
If the Government elects to exercise its rights under paragraph 18.1, it shall notify
Licensee in writing not less than ninety (90) days prior to the commencement of each
six (6) Calendar Months of each Calendar Year specifying the quantity, and
designating the grade and quality, that it elects to take in kind based upon the
production forecasts and annual and quarterly estimates, furnished to the Government
pursuant to paragraphs 7.9and 15.5. Any adjusting payments or refunds shall be made
within ninety (90) days of the end of each Calendar Year on the basis of actual
Licensee shall have the right to use Associated Gas for Petroleum Operations,
including, but not limited to, reinjection for pressure maintenance, and improving the
recovery of Petroleum, power generation and recycling operations. The quantities of
Associated Gas used in this way shall not be subjected to any tax, fee or levy of any
Where Non-associated Gas has been discovered in the Contract Area and Licensee has
not pursuant to paragraph 7.2 given in respect of the Discovery a notice to the
Commissionerfor the purpose of Section 18(1)(a) of the Act, the Parties shall, unless
the provisions of Section 18(1)(b) of the Act are otherwise applicable, as soon as
possible after completion by Licensee of an appraisal programme, or sooner if so
agreed, meet together with a view to reaching an agreement on the development,
production, processing and sale of such gas.
Associated Gas which is not used in Petroleum Operations, and the processing and
utilisation of which, in the reasonable opinion of Licensee is not economical, shall be
returned to the subsurface structure, or may be flared with the consent of the
Government, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed. In the
event that Licensee chooses to process and sell Associated Gas, Licensee shall notify
the Government of the same and upon such notification, the Government and
Licensee shall, as soon as practicable thereafter, meet together with a view to reaching
an agreement on the processing and sale of such gas. In the event Licensee chooses
not to process and sell Associated Gas, the Government may elect to offtake at the
outlet flange of the gas-oil separator and use such Associated Gas which is not
required for Petroleum Operations, in which event, Licensee may flare such gas until
such time as the facilities are in place to enable the Government to take delivery
thereof. There shall be no charge to the Government for such Associated Gas,
provided that the cost to gather such Associated Gas at the point of being flared and to
process and utilize it shall be for the account of the Government.
The value to be attributed to Natural Gas shall:
19.4.1 for arm’s length sales to third parties, be equal to the net realised price
obtained for such Natural Gas at the Delivery Point;
19.4.2 for sales other than at arm’s length to third parties, be determined by
agreement between the Government and Licensee, provided, however, that
such price or value shall reflect the following:
the quantity and quality of the Natural Gas;
the price at which arms length sales of Natural Gas from other sources in
Uganda, if any, are then being made;
(iii) the price at which arms length sales, if any, of Natural Gas imported into
Uganda are being made;
(iv) the purpose for which the Natural Gas is to be used; and
the international market price of competing or alternative fuels or
19.4.3 Arm’s length third party sales shall not include sales to Affiliated Companies
of Licensee or to the Government, any Ugandan public authority or any other
entity controlled directly or indirectly by the Government.
Purchases in Uganda
In procurement, Licensee shall give preference to goods which are produced or
available in Uganda and services which are rendered by Ugandan citizens and
companies unless such goods and services are offered on terms which are not equal to
or better than imported goods and services with regard to quality, price and
availability at the time and in the quantities required.
The Licensee shall establish appropriate procedures, including tender procedures, for
the acquisition of goods and services which shall ensure that the suppliers and SubContractors in Uganda are given adequate opportunity to compete for the supply of
goods and services. The tender procedures shall include, inter alia, the financial
amounts or value of contracts which will be awarded on the basis of selective bidding
or open competitive bidding, the procedure for such bidding, and the exception to
bidding in cases of emergency, and shall be subject to the approval of the Advisory
Within sixty (60) days after the end of each Calendar Year, the Licensee shall provide
the Government with a report outlining its achievements in utilising Ugandan goods
and services during that Calendar Year.
Goods shall include equipment, materials and supplies.
Training and Employment
Licensee agrees to train and employ suitably qualified Ugandan citizens in its
Petroleum Operations and, following the Effective Date, to undertake the schooling
and training of Ugandan citizens for staff positions, including administrative and
executive management positions. Licensee will also require its sublicensees to do the
same. Licensee undertakes to gradually replace its expatriate staff with suitably
qualified and experienced Ugandan citizens as are then available but, if the Licensee
satisfies the Advisory Committee that no suitably qualified and experienced Ugandan
citizens are available who are capable of filling key senior management or technical
position, Licensee shall employ expatriate staff in such positions. An annual
programme for training and phasing in of Ugandan citizens shall be established by
Licensee and shall be submitted for approval to the Advisory Committee, along with
the annual Work Programmes and Budgets referred to in Article 6. Within thirty (30)
days of the end of each Calendar Year, Licensee shall submit a written report to the
Government describing the number of personnel employed, their nationality, their
positions and the status of training programmes for Ugandan citizens.
Licensee shall also be required to establish an annual programme, satisfactory to the
Government, to train personnel of the Government to undertake skilled and technical
jobs in Petroleum Operations.
Licensee shall deposit with government, or its Nominee, on the Effective Date and
each anniversary of the Effective Date thereafter, the following amounts for training
of Government personnel selected by the Government and other associated costs for
each Licence for the periods specified below:
US $ 100,000 per 6 months.
US$ 150,000 per 12 months.
Following commencement of production
US $ 300,000 per 12 months.
Subject to the provisions of paragraph 21.1, Licensee shall be free to employ foreign
nationals to the extent that suitably qualified and experienced Ugandan nationals
cannot be found to fill a position.
Upon application in the prescribed manner by Licensee, the Government shall
expeditiously provide the necessary work permits and other approvals required for the
employment and residence of expatriate personnel and their families in Uganda by
Licensee or its sublicensees for the purposes of this Agreement.
Title to Assets
All land shall become the property of the Government as soon as it is acquired by the
Licensee, subject to its continue userent-free (save in respect of surface rentals
payable pursuant to Article 29) by Licensee until the date upon which this Agreement
All equipment and other assets, whether fixed or movable, acquired and owned by
Licensee for use in the Petroleum Operations hereunder shall become the property of
the Government (or the Nominee of the Government), if the Government so desires,
free from all mortgages and other encumbrances upon the earlier of the date upon
such equipment and assets have been fully depreciated for Income Tax
purposes, or the costs thereof have otherwise been fully recovered, pursuant to
Article 12 hereof; or
this Agreement is terminated.
Licensee shall have unlimited and exclusive use of such equipment and assets where
ownership thereof is transferred pursuant to paragraph 22.2 (i) and shall not be
obligated to make any payment for the use of the same during the term of this
Agreement. Licensee, so long as such equipment and assets are used exclusively for
Petroleum Operations and are in its custody, shall be liable to keep the same in good
repair and working order, normal wear and tear expected.
The provisions of this Article shall not apply to assets and equipment used in the
Petroleum Operations and owned by third parties, which assets may be freely
exported from Uganda.
Foreign Exchange Control
Licensee shall comply with the procedures and formalities required by the laws and
regulations relating to foreign exchange in force from time to time in Uganda.
Licensee (which for the purposes of this Article shall include any person or entity
comprising Licensee) may not assign to any person, Affiliated Company, firm or
corporation not party hereto, in whole or in part, any of its rights, privileges, duties or
obligations under this Agreement without the prior written consent of the Minster.
In the event that Licensee wishes to assign, in whole or in part, any of its rights,
privileges, duties or obligations hereunder or proposes a change of Operatorship as
aforesaid, the written consent thereto of the Minister shall not be unreasonably
withheld or delayed.
Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 24.1, if Licensee assigns in whole or in
part to any Affiliated Company Licensee, as assignor and assignee, shall be fully
jointly and severally liable for the performance of all rights, duties and obligations
under this Agreement and any related Licences and shall be fully liable for the
performance of any such assignee unless the Parties otherwise agree.
In the case of an assignment to a non-Affiliated Company, the assigning party shall
provide to the Government an unconditional undertaking by the assignee to assume all
obligations of Licensee under this Agreement, including a Performance Bond,
substantially in the form set forth in “Annex D-I”.
The application for assignment shall be made by the Licensee in accordance with the
Act and shall give full information on the proposed assignee as required in respect of
an applicant for an Exploration Licence and such additional information as the
Minister may require.
Upon assignment of its interest in this Agreement, the assignor shall be fully released
and discharged from its obligations hereunder to the extent that such obligations are
assumed by the assignee.
Any transfer or assignment of interest shall attract a capital gains tax in accordance
with the law.
Danger to Persons, Property or Environment
If any works or installations erected by Licensee or any operations conducted by
Licensee endanger or may endanger persons or third party property or cause pollution
or harm wildlife or the environment to a degree unacceptable to Government in
accordance with international environmental standards and local circumstances, the
Licensee shall take appropriate remedial measures approved by Government within a
reasonable period and to repair as far as it is reasonably possible any damage to the
environment so caused. If, and to the extent necessary for this purpose, Licensee shall
discontinue Petroleum Operations in whole or in part until Licensee has taken such
remedial measures or has repaired any damage. In the event that Licensee fails to take
the appropriate remedial measures within a reasonable time period, the Government
may, after consultation with Licensee, carry out such remedial measures for
Before commencing any works or operations hereunder, or recommencing any works
or operations which have been discontinued for more than three (3) Calendar Months,
in any part of the Contract Area which includes the area of a National Park or Game
Reserve (as so designated under applicable Uganda law), Licensee shall consult with
the Government regarding the nature and extent of the work or operations to be
conducted in such areas taking into consideration Good Oilfield Practices. In carrying
out such works and operations in such areas, Licensee shall give due regard to the
importance of minimising the damage and disturbance to the environment and wildlife
and, where any damage or disturbance would result, shall take all reasonable steps to
limit the extent of the damage or disturbance so caused.
In the event of protest from responsible concerned third parties within or outside
Uganda regarding the conduct of Petroleum Operations in any National Park or Game
Reserve and the consequent effects upon the environment or wildlife, the Government
and Licensee shall meet to determine what if any action should be taken.
The Licensee shall:
conduct the Petroleum Operations in a manner likely to promote the
conversation of the natural resources of Uganda and the protection of its
employ the most advanced techniques for the prevention of environmental
damage which may be caused by Petroleum Operations, and for the
minimisation of the effect of Petroleum Operations on adjoining or
neighbouring lands; and
Implement the proposals contained in its Development Plan regarding the
prevention of pollution and take any further action as may be necessary for the
treatment of wastes, the safeguarding of natural resources and the progressive
reclamation and rehabilitation of lands disturbed by petroleum production.
The Licensee undertakes, for the purposes of this Agreement, to take all necessary and
to ensure adequate compensation for injury to persons or damage to property
caused by the effect of the Petroleum Operations; and
to avoid irremediable environmental damage to the Contract Area and
adjoining or neighbouring lands.
If the Licensee fails to comply with the terms of sub-paragraph 25.5(b) or contravenes
any law on the prevention of environmental damage and such failure or contravention
results in any environmental damage, the Licensee shall take all the necessary and
reasonable measures to remedy such failure or contravention and the effects hereof.
The measures and methods to be used by the Licensee for purposes of complying with
the terms of sub-paragraph 25.5(b) shall be determined in timely consultation with the
Minister upon the commencement of Petroleum Operations or whenever there is a
significant change in the scope or method of carrying out Petroleum Operations, and
the Licensee shall take into account the international standards applicable in similar
circumstances and the relevant environmental impact study carried out in accordance
with Clause 25.8. The Licensee shall notify the Minister in writing of the nature of the
measures and methods finally determined by the Licensee and shall cause such
measures and methods to be reviewed from time to time in view of prevailing
circumstances, provided however, that any consultations or approval given pursuant
to this Agreement shall not be deemed to limit the obligations of the Licensee as
provided herein or the right of the Minster to take appropriate regulatory or other
action where Petroleum Operations pose a material danger to public health and safety
or may result in significant irreversible damage to the environment.
The Licensee shall cause a consulting firm or individuals of international standing to
carry out environmental impact studies (together with the updating of the latter
referred to in paragraph 25.11), in order:
to determine the prevailing situation relating to the environment, human
beings, wildlife or marine life in the Contract Area and in the adjoining or
neighbouring areas at the time of the studies; and
to establish what the effect will be on the environment, human beings, wildlife
or marine life in the Contract Area in consequence of the Petroleum
Operations to be undertaken under this Agreement, and to submit for
consideration by the Parties measures and methods contemplated in paragraph
25.7 for minimising environmental damage and carrying out site restoration in
the Contract Area.
The timing of the above studies shall be determined by the Minister.
25.10 Such studies shall be updated and submitted to the Minister:
with each application for a subsequent Production Licence (such updated
study to form part of its Development Plan relating thereto);
not less than three months prior to the termination of the Exploration Licence;
on such other occasion as the Minister or the Commissioner or a government
environmental protection agency may request in the light of actual or
threatened environmental damage resulting from or relating to the Petroleum
25.11 The studies mentioned in paragraph 25.8 shall contain proposed environmental
guidelines to be followed in order to avoid irremediable environmental damage and
shall include, but not be limited to:
clearing and timber salvage;
wildlife and habitat protection;
fuel storage and handling;
use of explosives;
camps and staging areas;
liquid and solid waste disposal;
cultural and archaeological sites;
selection of drilling sites;
protection of freshwater horizons;
blowout prevention plan;
(m) flaring during completion and testing of gas and oil wells;
rig dismantling and site completion;
reclamation for abandonment; and
25.12 In addition to the studies mentioned in paragraph 25.8, the Licensee shall include in
each Work Programme and Budget to be submitted annually to the Minister in
accordance with Article 6, and in any amendment thereto, an environmental impact
statement relating to the work to be undertaken as provided in that document and
reporting on work undertaken in accordance with the preceding Work Programme.
The Licensee will also, on a regular basis report how environmental matters are being
addressed with respect to the Environmental Impact Statement and any new aspects
that come up during the operations that may not have been envisaged at the time of
the Environmental Impact Assessment.
25.13 The Licensee shall ensure that:
(a) Petroleum Operations are carried out in an environmentally acceptable and safe
manner consistent with good international industry practice and applicable laws
and that such operations are properly monitored;
(b) the pertinent completed environmental impact studies are made available to its
employees and to its sublicensees to develop adequate and proper awareness of
the measures and methods of environmental protection to be used in carrying out
the Petroleum Operations; and
(c) any agreement entered into between the Licensee and its sublicensees relating to
the Petroleum Operations shall include the terms set out in this Agreement and
any established measures and methods for the implementation of the Licensee’s
obligation in relation to the environment under this Agreement.
25.14 The Licensee shall, before carrying out any drilling, prepare and submit for review by
the Minister an oil spill and fire contingency plan designed to achieve rapid and
effective emergency response in the event of an oil spill or fire.
25.15 In the event of:
(a) an emergency or accident arising from Petroleum Operations affecting the
environment, the Licensee shall forthwith notify the Minister accordingly;
(b) any fire or oil spill, the Licensee shall promptly implement the relevant
contingency plan; and
(c) any other emergency or accident arising from the Petroleum Operations affecting
the environment, the Licensee shall take such action as may be prudent and
necessary in accordance with good international petroleum industry practice in
25.16 If the Licensee fails to comply with any terms contained in this Article within a period
determined by the Minister under any such terms, the Minister may, after giving the
Licensee reasonable notice, take any action which may be necessary to ensure
compliance with such terms, and recover, immediately after having taken such action,
all expenditure incurred in connection with such action from the Licensee together
with such interest as may be determined in accordance with Section 1.4(c) of Annex C
to this Agreement.
25.17 The Licensee shall on the expiration or termination of this Agreement or on
relinquishment of part of the Contract Area:
(a) remove all equipment and installation from the Contract Area or relinquish area in
a manner agreed with the Minister in terms of an abandonment or
(b) take all action necessary to prevent hazards to human life or to property of others
or the environment; and
(c) take all action necessary in accordance with Good Oilfield Practice to reclaim and
rehabilitate all lands disturbed by Petroleum development and production.
26.1 Subject to Article 14.2, any dispute arising under the Agreement which cannot be
settled amicably within sixty (60) days, shall be referred to Arbitration in accordance
with the United Nations Commission for International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
Arbitration Rules. The arbitration shall be conducted by three (3) arbitrators appointed
in accordance with the said Rules. The said arbitration shall take place in London,
England. Judgement on the award rendered may be entered in any court having
jurisdiction or application may be made in such court for a judicial acceptance of the
award and an order of enforcement, as the case may be. The Arbitration award shall be
final and binding on the Parties to this Agreement.
26.2 Any matter in dispute between the Government and Licensee arising under paragraphs
5.4, 7.6, 10.1.3, 10.1.4, 10.2.3, 15.2 and 33.2 may, at the election of either of such
parties by written notice to the other, be referred for determination by a sole expert to
be appointed by agreement between the Government and Licensee. If the Government
and Licensee fail to appoint the expert within sixty (60) days after receipt of such
written notice, either of such parties may have such expert appointed by the then
President of the Institute of Petroleum (London). If the aforesaid President shall be
disqualified to act by reason of professional, personal or social interest or contract with
the parties in dispute or their Affiliated Companies, the next highest officer for the time
being of said Institute of Petroleum, who is not disqualified shall act in lieu of said
President. No person shall be appointed to act as an expert under this section:
unless he shall be qualified by education, experience and training to determine
the subject matter in dispute; or
if at the time of his appointment or at any time before he makes his
determination under such an appointment, he has or may have some interest or
duty which conflicts or may conflict with his function under such appointment.
The expert shall render his decision within sixty (60) days after the date of this
appointment, unless the Parties otherwise agree. In rendering his decision, the expert
shall do so within the context of the provisions of this Agreement, the Act and the
standards of Good Oilfield Practices. The decision of the expert shall befinal and
binding on both Licensee and the Government. The expert’s fees and expenses, and the
costs associated with an appointment, if any, made by the President of the Institute of
Petroleum (or the next highest officer thereof), shall be allocated to the Parties in
dispute in such manner as the expert may determine.
Insurance and Indemnification
27.1 To ensure that Licensee its Contractors and Sub-contractors meet their obligations to
third parties, or to the Government, that might arise in the event of damage, loss or
injury (including environmental damage or injury, removal of wrecks and cleaning up
caused by accidents) caused by Petroleum Operations, Licensee shall maintain in force
an insurance policy through an international insurance company of good financial
standing covering the activities of itself and its contractors and sub-contractors,
sublicensees and the employees of all such parties. Such insurance policy shall waive
subrogation against the Government, and shall provide that it may not be cancelled
except upon thirty (30) days' prior written notice to the Government. A certificate
giving evidence of such insurance policy shall be furnished to the Government within
ninety (90) days of the Effective Date. The limits, coverage, deductibles and other
terms shall be consistent with accepted practices in the international petroleum
industry. In the event that no response is received by Licensee from the Government
within fifteen (15) days of the submission by Licensee of such insurance terms to the
Government for approval, such approval shall be deemed granted. To the extent that
such third party liability insurance is unavailable or is not obtained, or does not cover
part or all of any claims for damage, loss or injury caused by or resulting from
Petroleum Operations, Licensee shall remain fully responsible and shall defend,
indemnify and hold the Government harmless against all such claims by the
Government arising from any such damage, loss or injury.
27.2 Licensee shall indemnify, defend and hold the Government harmless against all third
party claims for damage, loss or injury, including, without limitation, claims for loss or
damage to property or injury or death to persons, caused by or resulting from any
Petroleum Operations conducted by or on behalf of Licensee.
Except as otherwise provided in this Article, each party shall be excused from complying
with the terms of this Agreement except for the payment of monies due, for so long as such
compliance is prevented or delayed by strikes, wars (declared or undeclared), hostilities,
blockade, embargo, unavailability or rationing of supplies, materials and/or equipment
imposed by law, decree, regulation and/or instruction at the insistence or request of any
Government authority, insurrection, civil disorder, terrorist acts, sabotage, quarantine
restrictions, epidemics, accidents, riots, labour disturbance, any act or failure to act of a
Governmental agency or local body, acts of God, perils of navigation, storm, flood,
earthquake, lightning and other exceptional adverse weather conditions, explosion, fire or by
any act or cause that is reasonably beyond the control of such party, such causes, whether
similar or dissimilar to the events listed above, being herein called “Force Majeure”. In the
event that either party hereto is rendered unable, wholly or in part, by any of these causes to
carry out its obligations under this agreement, such party shall give notice and details of
Force Majeure in writing to other Party within seven (7) days after its occurrence. In such
cases, the obligations of the Party giving the notice shall be suspended during the continuance
of any inability so caused. Such Party shall do all reasonably within its power to remove such
cause. If through Force Majeure, the fulfilment by the Parties of any of the obligations under
this Agreement shall be delayed, the period of such delay, shall be added to the time allowed
under this Agreement for the fulfilment of such obligations or the exercise of any right
Annual Surface Rentals
29.1 Licensee shall pay a charge in respect of surface rentals for the area subject to a License
hereunder as follows:
(a) annual surface rental for the area which remains subject to the Exploration Licence:
US$7.50 per square kilometre or part thereof; and
(b) Surface rental in respect of a Development Area subject to a Production Licence:
US$500.00 per square kilometre or part thereof.
29.2 Annual surface rentals payable pursuant to this Article shall be paid to the Government
in advance and without demand commencing with the date on which the Licence is
granted. No rebates of surface rentals shall be made by the Government in respect of
any area which ceases to be subject to a Licence mid-year.
29.3 Annual surface rentals do not replace other charges that may be levied for entry into
parts of the Licence Area arising out of specialized land use, such as national parks or
nature reserves, for purposes other than Petroleum Operations.
If the circumstance or circumstances that would result in termination under paragraph
30.2.3 and 30.2.4 are remedied by Licensee within the sixty (60) day period following
the notice of termination as aforesaid or where the breach cannot be remedied within a
sixty (60) day period, Licensee has commenced the works or steps necessary to
remedy such breach during such period and is diligently continuing such works
thereafter, or, where it is otherwise impossible to remedy such breach, adequate
compensation has been offered to and accepted by the Government in respect thereof
within such sixty (60) day period, such termination shall not become effective.
If the circumstance or circumstances that would otherwise result in termination under
paragraph 30.2.3 or 30.2.4 are the result of Force Majeure, then termination shall not
take place so long as such Force Majeure continues and for such period thereafter as
provided in Article 28.
Where two or more persons constitute Licensee, this Agreement may not be
30.6.1 pursuant to paragraphs 30.2.1, 30.2.2 or 30.2.3 above where, in respect of a
liability which is a several liability, one or some only of the persons
constituting Licensee is in breach of the provisions hereof or has so failed in
compliance provided that the Petroleum Operations continue in accordance
with the provisions of this Agreement.; or
30.6.2 pursuant to paragraph 30.2.4 above where the bankruptcy, liquidation or
composition relates to one or some only of the persons constituting Licensee,
provided that the Petroleum Operations continue in accordance with the
provisions of this Agreement.
In any case falling under paragraph 30.6 above, the Government, subject to
paragraphs 30.3, 30.4 and 30.5 may, upon giving thirty (30) days written notice of its
intention to do so, terminate the Participating Interest or Joint Venture Interest herein,
and in any related Licences, or the person or persons in breach, or which have failed
in compliance, or, as the case may be, have become bankrupt, gone into liquidation or
made a composition as aforesaid (“the Defaulting Party”) but nothing in this
paragraph shall affect the rights and obligations of any other person who constitutes
Licensee which shall remain in full force and effect.
In such event, the Defaulting Party shall forthwith assign, unconditionally and without
consideration, to the other persons constituting Licensee and, in respect of any
Licence in which the Nominee of the government has a Joint Venture Interest, to the
Nominee of the Government its entire Participating or Joint Venture Interest under
this Agreement and any related Licences.
Such assignment will be made in undivided proportionate shares corresponding to the
undivided proportionate shares in which such other persons and, in respect of any
Licence in which the Nominee has a Joint Venture Interest, the Nominee hold
Participating or Joint Venture Interests in the subsisting Licences.
On termination of this Agreement and any related Licences or of an interest therein,
the rights thereunder of Licensee or the Defaulting Party, as the case may be, shall
cease but the termination shall not affect any liability incurred before the termination,
and any legal proceedings that might have been commenced or continued against
Licensee or such Defaulting Party may be commenced or continued against him.
All notices and other communications required or permitted hereunder or any notices that one
Party may desire to give to the other Party shall be in writing in the English language and
deemed to have been properly delivered if personally handed to an authorised representative
of the Party for whom intended or sent by registered airmail or by cable, or telefax, except as
otherwise provided herein, at or to the address of such Party for whom intended as indicated
below, or such other addresses as any Party may from time to time designate by notice in
writing to the other Party:
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development
P.O. Box 7270
Commissioner for Petroleum Exploration and Production
Telefax No: 256-41-320437
For TULLOW UGANDA LIMITED:
Tullow Uganda Limited
Plot 15 Yusuf Lule Road
P.O. Box 16644
Telephone: +256 (0) 414 564 000
Fax: +256 (0) 414 564 066
This agreement shall be governed by, interpreted and construed in accordance with
the laws of Uganda.
The Parties agree that the terms and conditions of this Agreement are based on the
existing laws of the Republic of Uganda and the terms contained in this Agreement. If
after the Effective Date, there is any change in any law in Uganda dealing with
income tax which substantially and adversely alters the economic benefits accruing to
the Licensee, the Licensee may within five (5) calendar years from the date on which
any such change has legal effect, notify Government accordingly and thereafter the
Parties shall negotiate in good faith to agree upon the effect of the changes in law and
the necessary adjustments and modifications to the Agreement in order to maintain
the economic benefit of the Licensee which existed at the Effective Date of this
Agreement PROVIDED that the Licensee shall comply with the requirement of the
law and then notify the Government about the substantial and adverse effect of the
change in the law.
33.3 In the event that within ninety (90) days of receipt of notification, the parties are unable
to agree that the Licensee’s economic benefits have been substantially and adversely
affected and /or are unable to agree on the modifications required to maintain the
economic benefits of the Licensee which prevailed at the Effective Date, then either
Party may refer to the matter for expert determination pursuant to paragraph 26.2.
33.4 For the avoidance of doubt, the provisions of paragraph 33.2 above are intended for
maintaining the original economic benefits of the Agreement and shall not prevent the
Government from enacting laws intended to levy additional profit tax on additional
33.5 For purposes of this Article, the term “economic benefits “means the project’s Net
Present Value (NPV) for the Licensee.
Entire Agreement and Amendments
This Agreement embodies the entire agreement and understanding between Licensee and the
Government relative to the subject matter hereof, and supersedes and replaces any provisions
on the same subject in any other agreement between the Parties, whether written or oral prior
to the date of this Agreement. This Agreement may not be amended, modified, varied or
supplemented except by an instrument in writing signed by Licensee and the Government.
Any reviews, provision of data or requests for information, data or otherwise from the
Licensee by the Government or approvals by the Government or its Nominee under
this Agreement is solely for the information of the Government and its satisfaction
that the requirements of the Government as set forth herein have been satisfied by the
Licensee. By making such reviews, requests or approvals, the Government makes no
representation and the Licensee shall in no way so represent to third parties that such
reviews, requests, approvals or otherwise are proof of the economic and technical
viability of the Petroleum Operations to be undertaken by the Licensee.
37.2 The Government shall not be liable to the Licensee for and the Licensee shall defend
and indemnify the Government from any claim, cost, loss, damage or liability arising
out of any contrary representation by the Licensee.
37.3 The Licensee is solely responsible for the economic and technical feasibility, reliability
or in case of discovery, realisation of the viability of the Petroleum production and
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Parties hereto have caused this Agreement prepared in the
Republic of Uganda in the English language to be executed in eight (8) originals by their
respective duly authorised representatives as of the day and year first above written.
Signed for and on behalf of
THE GOVERNMENT OF UGANDA
By: ---------------------------------------HON. ENG. IRENE N. MULONI
MINISTER OF ENERGY AND MINERAL DEVELOPMENT
In the presence of: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Signed for and on behalf of
Tullow Uganda Limited
In the presence of: ------------------------------------------------------------------------
Description the Contract Area 1
Contract Area 1 comprises 3066 square kilometers, is of polygonal shape and is bounded
along its outer margin by a continuous line which runs through the following geographical
points and co-ordinates
From the Uganda / Democratic Republic of Congo border due at 0210'N, 3118'E
and thence to 0210'N, 3120'E
and thence to 0215'N, 3120'E
and thence to 0215'N, 3125'E
and thence to 0225'N, 3125'E
and thence to 0225'N, 3135'E
and thence to 0210'N, 3135'E
and thence to 0210'N, 3150'E
and thence to 0220'N, 3150'E
and thence to 0220'N, 3145'E
and thence to 0230'N, 3145'E
and thence to 0230'N, 3140'E
and thence to 0245'N, 3140'E
and thence to 0245'N, 3105'E
and thence to 0240'N, 3105'E
and thence to 0240'N, 3115'E
and thence to 0215'N, 3115'E
and thence through the Uganda/Democratic Republic of Congo border to 0210'N, 3118'E
MAP SHOWING KANYWATABA AREA
[Image of map]
Form of Exploration Licence
I, _____________________, Minister of Energy and Mineral Development, pursuant to the
powers conferred upon me by Section 9 of the Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act
chapter 150 under the Laws of Uganda 2000 (“the Act”) hereby grant to ______________, a
company duly organised and existing under the laws of __________________, (“Licensee”)
this Exploration Licence to conduct Exploration Operations within and with respect to the
Contract Area described in the Production Sharing Agreement entered into by and between
the Government of the Republic of Uganda and Licensee, dated ___, 201___ (“the
Agreement”), hereby conferring upon Licensee the exclusive right to explore for petroleum in
the said Contract Area and to carry on such operations and execute such works as necessary
for that purpose for a term of [_________] years from the effective date hereof [subject to
renewal] in accordance with the provisions of the Act and the terms and conditions of said
Agreement, which forms an integral part of this Licence.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have granted the licence aforesaid with effect from ________,
201__ and set out my hand and seal this _____ day of _________ 201__
Minister of Energy and Mineral Development.
- Description of Exploration Area(s)
- Map of Exploration Area(s)
Form of Production Licence
I, _____________________, Minister of Energy and Minerals, pursuant to the powers
conferred upon me by Section 22 of the Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act chapter
150 under the Laws of Uganda 2000 (“the Act”) hereby grant to _________________, a
corporation duly organised and existing under the laws of _____________, (“Licensee” this
Petroleum Production Licence to conduct Development Operations within and with respect to
the Discovery Area(s) described and shown on the map in the attachment to this licence
hereby conferring upon Licensee the exclusive right to develop said areas and produce
petroleum therefrom, and to carry on such operations and execute such works as are
necessary for that purpose for a term of [______________] (__________) years from the
effective date hereof in accordance with the provisions of the Act, the Development Plan
adopted in connection therewith and the terms and conditions of the Production Sharing
Agreement entered into by and between the Government of the Republic of Uganda and
Licensee, dated _________________, 200__, which form an integral part of this Licence.
The subsequent execution of a Joint Operating Agreement by Licensee and [the Nominee of
the Government] in relation to the Discovery Areas(s) subject hereto in accordance with the
terms of said Production Sharing Agreement, is a requirement of this Licence.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have granted the licence aforesaid with effect from ________,
201__ and set out my hand and seal this _____ day of _________ 201______.
Minister of Energy and Minerals
- Description of Discovery Area(s)
- Map of Discovery Area(s)
Accounting and Financial Procedure
For the purposes of this Accounting and Financial Procedure the terms used herein
which are defined in the Agreement shall have the same meaning when used in this
Accounting and Financial Procedure.
Statements required to be submitted by Licensee
(a) Within sixty (60) days of the Effective Date, Licensee shall submit to and discuss
with the Government a proposed outline of charts of accounts, operating records
and reports, which outline shall be in accordance with generally accepted and
recognized accounting systems and consistent and normal practice of the
international petroleum industry and the requirements of this Agreement. Within
sixty (60) days of receiving the above submission, the Government shall either
indicate its approval of the proposal or may request revisions to the proposal to
the extent that such outline is not in accordance with generally accepted and
recognized accounting systems and consistent with the normal practices of the
international petroleum industry and the requirements of this Agreement. In the
event that revisions are so requested by the Government, Licensee and the
Government shall within ninety (90) days after the Effective Date of the
Agreement agree on the outline charts of accounts, operating records and reports
which shall describe the basis of the accounting system and procedures to be
developed and used under the Agreement. Following such agreement, Licensee
shall expeditiously prepare and provide the Government with formal copies of the
comprehensive charts of accounts related to the accounting, recording and
reporting functions and allow the Government to examine Licensee’s manuals
and to review procedures which are, and shall be, observed under the Agreement.
(b) All reports, books, accounts and
maintained in accordance with this
provisions in the Agreement, in
international petroleum industry
records of Licensee will be prepared and
Agreement and, where there are no relevant
accordance with normal practices in the
and generally accepted and recognized
(c) All accounts, books, records and reports of Licensee required hereunder shall be
maintained at Licensee’s business office in the Republic of Uganda and will be
available for the inspection and use of the Government and its representatives in
carrying out its supervisory function under this Agreement.
(d) The Licensee shall report to Government on a quarterly basis, all expenditures,
production, prices, sales receipts, cost recovery and production sharing related to
Petroleum Operations in the Licence area.
Language and Units of Account
(a) Accounts shall be maintained in Uganda Shillings and in United States Dollars.
However, the United States Dollars accounts will prevail in case of conflict.
Metric units and Barrels shall be employed for measurements required under this
Annex. The language employed shall be English. Where necessary for
clarification, Licensee may also maintain accounts and records in other languages,
units of measurement and currencies.
(b) It is the intent of this Accounting and Financial Procedure that neither the
Government nor Licensee should experience an exchange gain or loss at the
expense of, or to the benefit of, the other. However, any gain or loss resulting
from the exchange of currency, will be credited or charged to the accounts.
(i) Amounts received and costs and expenditures made in Uganda Shillings,
United States Dollars or any other currency shall be converted into Uganda
Shillings or United States Dollars, as the case may be, on the basis of the
average of the buying and selling exchange rates between the currencies in
question as published by Bank of Uganda, prevailing on the last BusinessDay
of the Calendar Month preceding the Calendar Month in which such amounts
are received and costs and expenditures are paid.
(ii) In the event of an increase or decrease, one time or accumulative, of ten
percent (10%) or more in the rates of exchange between the Uganda Shilling,
the United States Dollar or the currency in question, during any given
Calendar Month, the following rates will be used:
(1) For the period from the first of the Calendar Month to the day when such
increase or decrease is first reached, the average of the official buying and
selling exchange rates between the United States Dollar, Uganda Shilling
or the currency in question as issued on the last day of the previous
(2) For the period from the day on which such increase or decrease is first
reached to the end of the Calendar Month, the average of the official
buying and selling exchange rates between the United
States Dollar, the Uganda Shilling or the currency in question as issued on
the day on which such increase or decrease is reached.
(3) A record of the exchange rates used in converting Uganda Shillings,
United States Dollars or any other currency hereunder shall be maintained
All payments between the Parties shall, unless otherwise agreed, be in United
States Dollars and through a bank designated by each receiving party.
Payments between the Parties may be effected by way of set-off between
mutual and undisputed liabilities as and when such liabilities accrue.
Discharge of Licensee’s obligation with respect to Income Tax, the Nominee
of the Government’s Participation Share of Production and the Government’s
Production Share shall be made in accordance with the Agreement.
All sums due by one party to the other under the Agreement during any
Calendar Month shall, for each day such sums are overdue during such month,
bear interest compounded daily at an annual rate equal to the average London
Interbank Offered Rate for six (6) months as quoted at 11.00 a.m. London time
on the first business day of such month by the London Office of Citibank N.A.
plus five (5) percentage points.
Audit and Inspection Rights of Government
The Government shall have the right, upon fifteen (15) days’ prior written
notice to Licensee, to audit directly or through an independent accountant, at
its own cost, Licensees’ accounts and records maintained in relation to the
Petroleum Operations carried out hereunder with respect to the Licence Period
within twenty four (24) Calendar Months after the closure of the subject year’s
accounts. Notice of any exception to the Licensee’s accounts of any Calendar
Year must be notified to Licensee within thirty (30) Calendar Months of the
closure of the subject year’s accounts.
For purposes of auditing, the Government may examine and verify at
reasonable times all charges and credits relating to the Petroleum Operations
such as books of account, accounting entries, material records and inventories,
vouchers, payrolls, invoices and any other documents, correspondence and
records necessary to audit and verify the charges and credits. Furthermore, the
auditors shall have the right in connection with such audit to visit and inspect
at reasonable times all sites, plants, facilities, warehouses and offices of
Licensee directly or indirectly serving the Petroleum Operations including
visiting personnel associated with those operations.
If the Government desires verification of charges representing a proportionate
share in the cost of Licensee’s activities other than those carried out hereunder,
it may require such verification to the extent Licensee is able to present the
required information without infringing the confidential or proprietary nature
of such information. In the event that such infringement would occur, the
Government may require Licensee (at Licensee’s expense) to obtain an audit
certificate from an independent external auditor of international standing
(selected by Licensee and acceptable to the Government) verifying such
charge(s). If Government desires verification of charges from Affiliated
Companies of Licensee, Licensee shall, upon the Government’s request and at
Licensee’s expense, obtain an audit certification to such effect from the
statutory auditors of the Affiliate concerned attesting that such rates do not
include a profit element and have been consistently and reasonably applied.
However, the percentage rates to be applied pursuant to paragraph 2.5(b) of
this Accounting and Financial Procedure will not be subject to audit.
The Government shall make every reasonable effort to conduct audits in a
manner, which will result in the minimum of inconvenience to Licensee.
Licensee shall make every reasonable effort to co-operate with the
Government and its statutory auditors or the independent auditors, as the case
may be, will provide reasonable facilities and assistance. Subject to the
provisions of paragraph 1.5(c) hereunder, only one audit may be carried out by
the Government in respect of the accounts for any single Calendar Year.
Any Government audit shall be completed within (6) Calendar Months of its
commencement. At the conclusion of each audit, the Government and
Licensee shall endeavour to settle outstanding matters and a written report will
be circulated to all parties within three (3) Calendar Months of the conclusion
of each audit. The report shall include all claims arising from such audit
together with comments pertinent to the operation of the accounts and records.
Licensee shall reply to the report in writing as soon as possible and in any
event not later than three (3) Calendar Months following receipt of the report.
Should the Government consider that the report or reply requires further
investigation of any items therein, the Government shall have the right to
conduct further investigations in relation to such item notwithstanding that the
said period of twenty-four (24) Months may have expired.
Such further investigation shall be commenced within thirty (30) days and be
concluded within sixty (60) days of the receipt of such reply and the report
related to such further investigation shall be circulated within ninety (90) days
of the conclusion of such further investigation. All adjustments resulting from
an audit, as agreed between Licensee and the Government, shall be made
promptly by Licensee and be reported to the Government. Any unresolved
dispute arising in connection with an audit shall be referred to the Advisory
Committee and if not resolved thereby shall be referred for expert
determination pursuant to paragraph 26 of the Agreement.
Without prejudice to the finality of matters as described in subsection 1.5(a),
all documents referred to in that subsection shall be maintained by the
Licensee and made available for inspection by Government for five (5)
Calendar Years following their date of issue.
All information obtained by the Government pursuant to the provisions of this
paragraph 1.5 shall be subject to the confidentiality requirements specified in
paragraphs 36.1 and 36.2 of this Agreement.
All books, accounts and records shall be prepared on an accrual basis. Contract
Revenues shall be attributed to the accounting period in which they are earned, and
costs and expenses to the account period in which they are incurred, without the need
Distinguish whether cash is received or disbursed in connection with a particular
transaction. Costs and expenses shall be deemed to have been incurred, in the case of
physical items, in the accounting period when Licensee acquires title thereto, and in
the case of services, in the accounting period when such services are performed.
Arms Length Transactions
Except as may be otherwise agreed in writing between the Government and Licensee
or as may be provided in Article 13 of the Agreement, all transactions giving rise to
revenues, costs or expenses under this Agreement which will be credited or charged to
the books, accounts, records and reports prepared, maintained or submitted hereunder
shall be conducted at arm’s length or on such a basis as will assure that all such
revenues, costs or expenses will not be materially higher or lower, as the case may be,
than would result from a transaction conducted at arms length on a competitive basis
with third parties.
Allocation of Shared Costs
To the extent that costs and expenses are incurred by Licensee in respect of activities
which would only in part qualify as Contract Expenses hereunder, such costs and
expenses shall be allocated to the books, accounts, records and reports maintained
hereunder in such a manner as to avoid any duplication of cost, to fairly and equitably
reflect the costs attributable to Petroleum Operations carried out hereunder and to
exclude any costs and expenses which should otherwise be allocated to those activities
which would not constitute Petroleum Operations hereunder.
It is understood, however, that any Exploration or Development and Production
Expenditures associated with a unit development involving a Discovery Area, which
extends into a neighbouring country shall be allocated on the basis of the petroleum
reserves attributable to that portion of the Discovery Area located in each country.
Classification, Definition and Allocation of Costs and Expenditures
Contract Expenses incurred in connection with Petroleum Operations carried out hereunder
shall be classified, defined and allocated as follows:
Exploration Expenditures are all necessary, appropriate and economical direct and
allocated indirect costs incurred in the search for Petroleum and the appraisal of
Discoveries in the Contract Area, including:
aerial, geophysical, geochemical, palaeontological, geological, topographical
and seismic surveys and studies and their interpretation;
core hole drilling and water well drilling;
labour, materials and services used in drilling wells with the object of finding
new Petroleum Reservoirs or for the purpose of appraising the extent of or
subsequently producing Petroleum Reservoirs already discovered provided
such wells are dry or are otherwise not completed as producing wells;
facilities use solely in support of these purposes including access roads and
purchased geological and geophysical information;
a portion of all Service Costs (as hereinafter defined) allocated to Exploration
Operations on an equitable basis and consistently applied;
a portion of all General and Administrative Expenses (as hereinafter defined)
allocated to Exploration Operations based on projected budget expenditures
subject to adjustment on the basis of actual expenditure at the end of the
Calendar year concerned; and
any other Contract Expenses incurred prior to the commencement of
Commercial Production in a Development Area and not otherwise covered by
paragraph 2.2 below subject to paragraph 4.2.
Development and Production Expenditures shall consist of all necessary, appropriate
and economical expenditures (other than those referred to in paragraph 2.3) incurred
in Development Operations in relation to a Development Area including:
drilling wells which are completed as producing wells and drilling wells for
purposes of producing Petroleum Reservoir already discovered providing such
wells are completed as producing wells;
completing those wells described in paragraph 2.1(c) by way of installation of
casing or equipment or otherwise after a well has been drilled for the purpose
of bringing the well into use as a producing well;
the costs of field facilities including field gathering systems, field production
and treatment units, wellhead equipment, subsurface equipment, Natural gas
separation facilities, enhanced recovery systems, offshore platforms,
Petroleum storage facilities in the field and related facilities, and field access
roads for production activities;
the costs of transportation facilities installed up to the Delivery Point,
including but not limited to pipelines, compressors, and storage facilities;
engineering and design studies for field facilities;
a portion of all Service Costs allocated to the Development Operations on an
equitable basis and consistently applied;
a portion of all General and Administrative Expenses allocated to the
Development Operations based on projected budget expenditures which will
be adjusted to actual expenditures at Calendar Year end; and
any other expenditure incurred in Development Operations prior to the
commencement of Commercial Production in a Development Area, other than
those incurred in respect of operations carried out beyond the Delivery Point.
Operating Expenses are all necessary, appropriate and economical expenditures
incurred in the Petroleum Operations hereunder after the start of the Commercial
Production (but including intangible drilling costs such as, but not limited to, labour,
consumable material and services having no salvage value which are incurred in the
drilling operations related to the drilling or deepening of producing wells whether
incurred before or after the start of Commercial Production) which are other than
Exploration Expenditures, Development and Production Expenditures and General
and Administrative Expenses and Service Costs otherwise allocated to Exploration
Expenditures or Development and Production Expenditures pursuant to subparagraphs
2.1(e) and (f) and 2.2(f) and (g) above; Operating Expenses shall not, however,
include tariff charges, if any, imposed by the Pipeline Company associated with the
transportation of Petroleum from the Delivery Point to the seaboard terminal point of
Service Costs are all necessary, appropriate and economical direct and indirect
expenditures in support of the Petroleum Operations including, but not limited to,
warehouse, piers, marine vessels, vehicles, motorised rolling equipment, aircraft, fire
and security stations, workshops, water and sewage plants, power plants, housing,
community and recreational facilities and furniture, tools and equipment used in these
activities. Service Costs in any Calendar Year shall include the total costs incurred in
such year to purchase and/or construct said facilities as well as annual costs to
maintain and operate the same. All Service Costs will be regularly allocated as
specified in subparagraphs 2.1(e), 2.2(f) and 2.3 to Exploration Expenditures,
Development Production Expenditures and Operating Expenses.
General and Administrative Expenses
All main office, field office and associated general and administrative costs
incurred in relation to Petroleum Operations, including, but not limited to,
supervisory, accounting and employee relations services carried out by
Licensee in Uganda.
(i) Licensee’s Affiliated Companies' personnel and service costs (other than
those otherwise provided for in paragraph 4.1(e)(ii) of this Annex) incurred in
connection with the Petroleum Operations carried out hereunder. and
(i) Reasonable travel expenses of such Affiliated Companies' personnel in the
general and administrative category listed in subparagraph (i) above, in
connection with the Petroleum Operations carried out hereunder.
All General and Administrative Expenses shall be necessary, appropriate and
economical and will be regularly allocated as specified in subsection 2.1(f),
2.2(g) and 2.3 to Exploration Expenditures, Development and Production
Expenditures and Operating Expenses.
Income Tax and Allowable
IncomeTax shall be in accordance with the Income Tax Act, Cap. 340, Laws of Uganda
Allowable Contract Expenditures are the recoverable costs as defined in Section 4 of this
Cost, Expenses, Expenditures and
Credit of the Licensee
Costs Recoverable without Further Approval of the Government
Subject to the provisions of Agreement, Licensee shall bear and pay the following
costs and expenses in respect of the Petroleum Operations. These costs and expenses
will be classified under the headings referred to in paragraph 2 of this Annex. They
are recoverable Contract Expenses by Licensee under the Agreement.
This covers all direct costs attributable to the acquisition, renewal or
relinquishment of surface rights acquired and maintained in force for the Contract
Labour and Associated Labour Costs
gross salaries and wages including bonuses and cost of living, housing and
other customary allowance afforded to expatriate employees in similar
operations elsewhere of Licensee’s employees directly engaged in the
Petroleum Operations, irrespective of the location of such employees;
Licensee’s costs regarding sickness and disability payments applicable to
the salaries and wages chargeable under subparagraph (i) above;
(iii) expenses or contributions made pursuant to assessments or obligations
imposed under the laws of the Republic of Uganda which are applicable to
Licensee’s cost of salaries and wages chargeable under (i) above;
(iv) Licensee’s cost of established plans for employees' life insurance,
hospitalisation, pensions, stock purchase and thrift plans.
benefits of a like nature customarily granted to Licensee’s employees;
(vi) reasonable travel and personnel expenses of employees of Licensee and
their families including those made for travel and relocation of the
expatriate employees assigned to the Republic of Uganda, all of which shall
be in accordance with Licensee’s normal practice, provided such is
consistent with generally accepted practices in the international petroleum
(vii) any personal income taxes of the Republic of Uganda incurred by
employees of Licensee and paid or reimbursed by Licensee.
Offices, Camps, Warehouses and other facilities
The cost of establishing, maintaining and operating any offices, camps,
warehouses, workshops, housing, water systems and other facilities for the
purpose of carrying out the Petroleum Operations. The costs of those facilities,
which are not used for the exclusive purpose of carrying out the Petroleum
Operations, shall be apportioned on a consistent and equitable basis between
the Petroleum Operations and the Licensee’s other operations and those of its
The cost of transportation of employees, equipment, materials and supplies
necessary for the conduct of the Petroleum Operations.
Charges for Services
Third Party Contacts
The actual costs of contracts for technical and other services entered into by
Licensee for the Petroleum Operations, made with third parties other than
Affiliated Companies of Licensee are recoverable, provided that the prices
paid by Licensee are in line with those generally charged by other international
or domestic suppliers for comparable work and services.
Affiliated Companies of Licensee
Without prejudice to the charges to be made in accordance with paragraph 2.5
of this annex, in the case of specific services rendered to the Petroleum
Operations under contract with, and invoiced to, Licensee by an Affiliated
Company of Licensee, the allowable charges will be based on actual costs
without profits, will be no higher than the most favourable prices charged by
the Affiliated Company to third parties for comparable services under similar
terms and conditions elsewhere, will be included in any budget submitted to
the Advisory Committee pursuant to Article 5 of the Agreement and will not
exceed the charges billed to any Joint Operations in respect of such services
pursuant to any Joint Operating Agreement relating to the Petroleum
Operations carried out hereunder. The Licensee will, if requested by
Government, specify the amount of such charges which represents an allocated
proportion of the general material, management technical and other costs of
the Affiliated Company, and the amount which is the direct cost of providing
the services concerned. If necessary (but subject to the
provision of paragraph 1.5(a) of this Annex, certified evidence regarding the
basis of prices charged may be obtained from the auditors of the Affiliated
So far as is practical and consistent with efficient and economical operation,
only such material shall be purchased or furnished by Licensee for us in the
Petroleum Operations as may be required for use in reasonably foreseeable
future and the accumulation of surplus stocks will be avoided.
Warranty of Material
Licensee does not warrant material beyond the supplier’s or manufacturer’s
guarantee and, in case of defective material or equipment, any adjustment
received by Licensee from the suppliers/manufacturers or their agents will be
credited to the accounts under the Agreement.
Value of Material Charged to the Accounts Under the Agreement
Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (b) below, material purchased
by Licensee for use in the Petroleum Operations shall be valued to include the
invoice price less trade and cash discounts (if any), purchased and
procurement fees plus freight and forwarding charges between point of supply
and point of shipment, loading and unloading fees, dock charges, forwarding
and documentation fees, packing costs, freight to port of destination,
insurance, taxes, customs duties, consular fees, other items chargeable against
imported material and where practicable handling and transportation expenses
from point of importation to warehouse or operating site, and its costs should
not exceed those currently prevailing in normal arms length transactions on the
Materials purchased from Affiliated Companies of Licensee shall be charged
at prices not higher than the following:
New Material (Condition “A”) shall be valued at the current international price
which should not exceed the price prevailing in normal arms length
transactions on the open market.
Used Material (Conditions “B” and “C”)
Material which is in sound and serviceable condition and is suitable for
reuse for its original function without reconditioning shall be classified
as Condition “B” and priced at seventy-five percent
(75%) of the current price of new material defined in subparagraph (1)
Material which cannot be classified as Condition “B” but which after
repair and reconditioning will be further serviceable for original function
as good secondhand material (Condition “B”) shall be classified as
Condition “C” and priced at fifty percent (50%) of the current price of
new material as defined in subparagraph (1) above.
(iii) Material which cannot be classified as Condition “B” or condition “C”
shall be priced at a value commensurate with its use.
(iv) Material involving erection costs shall be charged at the applicable
condition percentage of the current knocked down price of new material
as defined in subparagraph (1) above.
When the use of material is temporary and its service to the Petroleum
Operations does not justify the reduction in price as provided for in
subparagraph (2)(ii) hereof, such material shall be priced on a basis that
will result in a net charge to the accounts under the Agreement consistent
with the value of the service rendered.
(vi) Stocks and consumables costs shall be charged to the accounts pursuant
to the “Average Cost” method.
Rentals, taxes, duties, and Other Assessments
All rentals, levies, charges, fees, compensation or other charges in respect of
rights of way, contributions and any other assessment and charges levied by
the Government or any Government or foreign public authority in connection
with the Petroleum Operations, and paid directly or indirectly by Licensee,
other than Income Tax imposed on Licensee (except as provided in Article 14
of the Agreement) and the Government Production Share attributable pursuant
to Article 13 of the Agreement.
Insurance and Losses
Insurance premia and costs incurred for insurance, provided that if such
insurance is wholly or partly placed with an Affiliated Company of Licensee,
such premia and costs shall be recoverable only to the extent generally charged
by competitive insurance companies other than an Affiliated Company of
Licensee. Costs and losses incurred as a consequence of events which are, and
in so far as, not made
good by insurance obtained under the Agreement are recoverable under the
Agreement unless such costs have resulted solely from an act of Gross Negligence
or Willful Misconduct of Licensee.
All costs and expenses of litigation and legal or related services necessary or
expedient for the producing, perfecting, retention and protection of the Contract
Area, and in defending or prosecuting lawsuits involving the Area or any third
party claim arising out of activities under the Agreement, or sums paid in respect
of legal services necessary or expedient for the protection of the interest of
Licensee are recoverable. Where legal services are rendered in such matters by
salaried or regularly retained lawyers of Licensee or an Affiliated Company of
Licensee, such compensation will be included instead under subparagraph 4.1(b)
or 4.1(d) above, as applicable.
Except where otherwise provided herein, all costs and expenses incurred by
Licensee in training of its Ugandan employees engaged in the Petroleum
Operations and such other training as required under Article 18 of the Agreement.
General and Administrative Expenses
The costs described in subparagraph 2.5(a) and the charge described in subsection
Interest and other financial charges incurred on loans raised by Licensee to
finance Development Operations provided that such interest rates and charges do
not exceed prevailing commercial rates and only to the extent that such interest
and financial charges relate to debt raised by Licensee to finance such operations
(including loans from both Affiliates and Non-Affiliates) do not exceed fifty per
cent (50%) of the total financing requirement. All loans from Affiliated
Companies shall be subject to review and approval of the Government, which
approval shall be given provided that the terms of such loans are comparable to
those which could be obtained on an arms length basis from a non-Affiliated
Commissions paid to intermediaries by Licensee unless such commissions exceed
the levels usually paid in the international oil industry under similar conditions in
which event the approval of the Government shall be required, which approval
shall not be unreasonably withheld.
Expenditure on research into and development of new equipment, material and
techniques for use in searching for development and producing Petroleum directly
related to the conduct of Petroleum Operations carried out under this Agreement.
Ecological and environmental charges: Costs for all measures taken to avoid
waste and prevent damage or pollution in the conduct of the Petroleum
Leasing expenses: Costs incurred in connection with the leasing of property
and equipment provided that such costs do not exceed prevailing commercial
rates and that any such leasing arrangements are concluded with parties which
are not Affiliated Companies of Licensee.
Communication charges: Costs of acquiring, leasing, operating and
maintaining communication systems including, but not limited to, radio,
telephone, telecopier and e-mail systems.
Costs not Recoverable under the Agreement
Costs incurred before the Effective Date.
Petroleum marketing or transportation tariff charges incurred beyond the Delivery
The costs associated with the provision of the Bank Guarantee pursuant to
paragraph 4.6 of the Agreement and any payments made thereunder in respect of
failure by Licensee to comply with its contractual obligations under the
Agreement (and any other amounts spent on indemnities with regard to fulfilment
of contractual obligations by Licensee).
(d) Legal and other costs of arbitration and the independent expert in respect of
any dispute referred for determination pursuant to Article 26 of the
(e) Royalty paid pursuant to Article 10.
Income Tax imposed in accordance with the laws of Uganda
The Government Production Share determined pursuant to Article 13 of the
Fines and penalties imposed by Courts of Law of the Republic of Uganda.
Costs incurred as a result of Gross Negligence or Willful Misconduct of Licensee;
Interest incurred on loans raised by Licensee to finance Exploration Operations.
Other Costs and Expenses
Other costs and expenses not covered or dealt with in the provisions of this Sectionand
which are incurred by Licensee for the necessary and proper conduct of Petroleum
Operations are recoverable after written approval of Government.
Credits Under the Agreement
The net proceeds of the following transactions will be credited to the accounts under the
The net proceeds of any insurance or claim in connection with the Petroleum
Operations or any assets charged to the accounts under the Agreement when such
operations or assets were insured and the premia charged to the accounts under the
Revenue received from outside for the use of property or assets charged to the
accounts under the Agreement.
Any adjustment received by Licensee from the suppliers/manufacturers or
their agents in connection with a defective material the cost of which was
previously charged by Licensee to the accounts under the Agreement.
Rebates, refunds or other credits received by Licensee which apply to any
charge which has been made to the accounts under the Agreement, but
excluding any awards granted to Licensee under the arbitration or independent
expert proceedings referred to in Subsection 4.2(d) above.
The actual net proceeds of sale realised from the disposal on arms length basis
of inventory materials originally charged to the accounts under the Agreement
and subsequently exported from the Republic of Uganda without being used in
the Petroleum Operations. In the event that such inventory materials are
exported but not sold by Licensee, or, if sold, are disposed of other than on an
arms length basis, such materials will be valued as used material pursuant to
paragraph 4.1(f)(iii) of this Annex and the value so determined shall be
credited to the Accounts.
Duplication of Charges and Credits
Notwithstanding any provisions to the contrary in this Accounting Financial
Procedure, it is the intention that there shall be no duplication of charges or credits in
the accounts under the Agreement.
Records and Valuation of Assets
Licensee shall maintain detailed records of property and assets in use for the Petroleum
Operations in accordance with the normal practice in exploration and production activities in
the international petroleum industry. At reasonable intervals but at least once a year with
respect to movable assets and once every five (5) years with respect to immovable assets,
inventories of the property under the Agreement shall be taken by Licensee. Licensee shall
give Government at least thirty (30) days written notice of its intention to take such inventory
and Government shall have the right to be represented when such inventory is taken.
Licensee will clearly state the principles upon which valuation of the inventory has been
based. When an assignment of rights under the Agreement takes place, a special inventory
may be taken by Licensee at the request of the Assignee provided that the costs of such
inventory are borne by the Assignee and not charged to Contract Expenses hereunder.
Revision of Accounting and Financial
Procedures and conflicts
The provisions of this Accounting and Financial Procedure may be amended by
Agreement between Licensee and the Government. The amendments shall be made in
writing and shall state the date upon which the amendments shall become effective.
In the event of any conflict between the provisions of this Accounting and Financial
Procedure and the Agreement the provisions of the Agreement shall prevail.
ANNEX D - I
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development
P O Box 7270
Republic of Uganda
PERFORMANCE BOND NO.-------------------------------
By this Bond we -----------------------------------------------------------------(hereinafter referred
to as the Surety) are held and firmly bound unto the GOVERNMENT OF THE
REPUBLIC OF UGANDA represented by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral
Development of P.O. Box 7270, Kampala (hereinafter referred to as “Government”) in the
full and just sum of United States Dollars ---------------------------------------(US$------------)
only to the payment of which the said sum of money well and truly to be made and done the
Surety bind themselves their successors and assigns jointly and severally firmly by these
WHEREAS the Government has entered into Production Sharing Agreement (herewith
referred to as the “Agreement “) with -------------------------------(hereinafter referred to as the
“Licensee”) bearing the date of the ---------------------- for, among other things particularly
shown in the written Work Programme for the ---------------------------for Year -----of the
said written Agreement which Work Programme and written agreement with all their
conditions are hereby made a part of these presents to all intents and purposes.
NOW, therefore, the foregoing obligation is such that if the Licensee shall well truly and
faithfully comply with all the terms, covenants and Conditions of the said written Work
Programme on their part to be kept and performed according to the tenor of the said written
Work Programme or if on default by the Licensee they surely shall satisfy and discharge the
damage sustained by the Government thereby not exceeding of United States Dollars ----------------- ------------------(US$ -------------------) only then this obligation shall be null and void
otherwise it shall remain in full force and virtue.
PROVIDE ALWAYS that the Surety shall not be discharge or released from the obligation
by any arrangement made between the Licensee and the Government with or without the
assent of the Surety or by any alteration of the terms and conditions of the said written Work
Programme or by any forbearance whether as to payment time performance or otherwise.
Sealed in the Common Seal of --------------------------------------------of this -------day of -----------------.
In the presence of: -------------------------------------------------------