NOTICE: The text below was created automatically and may contain errors and differences from the contract's original PDF file. Learn more hereExhibit 10.21
PRODUCTION SHARING CONTRACT
PETROLEUM EXPLORATION, DEVELOPMENT AND
Block 45 OFFSHORE SURINAME
STAATSOLIE MAATSCHAPPIJ SURINAME N.V.
KOSMOS ENERGY SURINAME
Table of Contents
SCOPE OF THE CONTRACT
TERM OF THE CONTRACT
LOCATION AND SIZE OF THE CONTRACT AREA
MINIMUM EXPLORATION PROGRAM
CONDUCT OF OPERATIONS, WORK PROGRAM AND BUDGET
PARTICIPATION OF STAATSOLIE
COST REIMBURSEMENT AND PAYMENT TO CONTRACTOR
MEASUREMENT AND VALUATION OF PETROLEUM
FOREIGN CURRENCY AND BANKING
DOMESTIC SUPPLY REQUIREMENT
SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
INSURANCE, LIABILITIES AND INDEMNITIES
ACCOUNTING AND AUDITING
OWNERSHIP TO AND CONTROL OF GOODS AND EQUIPMENT
USE OF LAND AND SEA BEDS
IMMIGRATION AND EXPATRIATE EMPLOYEES
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND TRAINING
LOCAL OFFICE AND PRESENCE
REPRESENTATIONS, WARRANTIES, COVENANTS AND UNDERTAKINGS
BREACH, TERMINATION, AND REMEDIES
APPLICABLE LAW AND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
WAIVER OF IMMUNITY
MAP OFFSHORE BLOCK 45
COORDINATES OFFSHORE BLOCK XX
CRUDE OIL AND NATURAL GAS MEASUREMENT PROCEDURE
ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS AND PRACTICES
OUTLINE OF ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE STUDY
FORM OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
OUTLINE OF HEALTH AND SAFETY PLAN
OUTLINE OF CONTRACTOR HSE MANUAL
FORM OF CONTRACTOR PARENT COMPANY PERFORMANCE GUARANTEE
EXAMPLE OF R-FACTOR CALCULATION
This Contract is entered into this
2011, by and between:
STAATSOLIE MAATSCHAPPIJ SURINAME N.V. (hereinafter referred to as “Staatsolie”) a corporation organized and acting under the laws of the Republic
Kosmos Energy Suriname (hereinafter referred to as “Kosmos”), a corporation organized and acting under the laws of the Cayman Islands.
WHEREAS, all Petroleum existing in the territory of the Republic of Suriname, including Petroleum existing offshore, is the property of the Republic of
Suriname, and the Republic of Suriname holds exclusive sovereign rights with regard to the exploration and exploitation for all Petroleum existing in this area;
WHEREAS, the Republic of Suriname wishes to ensure the sustainable exploitation of these ‘non-renewable resources’ in a prudent and environmentally
sound manner in accordance with accepted international standards; and
WHEREAS, Staatsolie, in accordance with the Mining Decree, Official Gazette 1986 No. 28, has been granted mining rights including in Block 45 as
described in Annex 1 and Annex 2; and
WHEREAS, Staatsolie acts as agent of the Republic of Suriname with respect to the petroleum industry; and
WHEREAS, in accordance with Decree No. E-8B, dated May 11, 1981, Official Gazette 1981; No. 59, and Resolution No. 3051/93 of 11 July 1993, as
extended by Resolution No. 478/03 of 26 July 2003, Staatsolie has been granted the exclusive rights to explore for, develop and produce Petroleum including in
Block 45; and
WHEREAS, Kosmos has demonstrated that it possesses the financial ability, technical competence and professional skills necessary to perform operations
for the Exploration, Development, Production, transportation and marketing of petroleum and is prepared to utilize such technical competence and financial
ability as is necessary to fulfill its obligations under this Contract; and
WHEREAS, the parties hereto have agreed that Kosmos shall have the exclusive right to carry out all Petroleum Operations in Block 45 pursuant to the
provisions of this Contract; and
WHEREAS, Kosmos will not be required to develop or produce or continue to produce any Petroleum hereunder which, in Kosmos’ opinion, based on a
technical and financial analysis, would not provide Kosmos with an acceptable rate of return; and
WHEREAS, in accordance with the Petroleum Law of 1990, Official Gazette 1991, No. 7, Staatsolie has the right, power and authority to enter into this
WHEREAS the Minister of Natural Resources after referral to and approval to do so by the Cabinet of Ministers has given Staatsolie permission to sign this
NOW, THEREFORE, and in consideration of the mutual covenants herein contained, the Parties agree as follows:
In this Contract the following terms shall have the following meanings:
“Abandonment Fund” is an escrow account set up to finance abandonment activities, in US Dollars at a bank of good international repute
to be agreed between Staatsolie and Contractor.
“Accounting Procedure” means the procedures and reporting requirements defined in Annex 3.
“Addendum” shall have the meaning set forth in Sub-article 20.4.
“Affiliate” means any entity directly or indirectly effectively controlling, or effectively controlled by, or under direct or indirect effective
common control with a Party. For the purposes of this definition “control”, when used with respect to any specified entity, means the power to direct,
administer and dictate policies of such entity (it being understood and agreed that it is not necessary to own directly or indirectly fifty percent (50%) or more of
such entity’s voting securities to have effective control over such entity, but ownership, direct or indirect, of fifty percent (50%) or more of such entity’s voting
securities shall automatically indicate effective control), and the terms “controlling” and “controlled” have meanings corresponding with the foregoing.
“Applicable Law” means the laws, decrees, regulations and other legal provisions having the force of law in the Republic of Suriname, as
these may be amended from time to time.
“Appraise” or “Appraisal” means work (being part of Exploration) carried out following a Discovery for the purpose of delineating a
Petroleum Field and determining whether or not such Petroleum Field merits Development.
“Appraisal Well” means any well whose purpose at the time of commencement of drilling such well is the determination of the extent,
volume or recoverability of a Discovery.
“Arm’s Length Transaction” means a “transaction (purchase, sale, exchange or swap) in conformity with the market (or “determined by
market forces”), between a seller and a willing buyer not being Affiliates, in the international market, valued in US Dollars.
“Associated Gas” means Natural Gas produced from any well in the Contract Area, the predominant production of which is Crude Oil
and which is separated from Crude Oil in accordance with normal oilfield practice including Natural Gas produced from a free gas cap, but shall exclude any
liquid hydrocarbon extracted from such gas either by normal field separation, dehydration or in a gas plant.
“Authorized Representative” is the representative authorized to cast a vote on behalf of Staatsolie or Contractor, as the case may be, in the
“Barrel” means a quantity or unit of Crude Oil equal to forty-two (42) United States gallons at a temperature of sixty (60) degrees
Fahrenheit and at an atmospheric pressure of fourteen point seven (14.7) p.s.i.
“Basket” is a collection of at least three (3) but no more than four (4) representative crude oils, quoted for pricing purposes that are
comparable to the Crude Oil and that are freely traded in international markets.
“Budget” means the annual income and expenditure plan for each Work Program or Calendar Year, prepared in a form acceptable to the
Operations Committee pursuant to Article 8.
“Calendar Months” means a month of a Calendar Year.
“Calendar Quarter” means a period of three (3) consecutive Calendar Months commencing on the 1st of January, the 1st of April, the 1st
of July, or the 1st of October, respectively in a Calendar Year.
“Calendar Year” means a period of twelve (12) Calendar Months commencing on the 1st of January and ending on the following
December 31 st according to the Gregorian calendar.
“Commercial Field” means an area delineated on the surface as described in
the approved Development Plan for such Petroleum Field.
“Contract” means this instrument and its annexes attached.
“Contract Area” means on the Effective Date, the area described in Annexes 1 and 2 and, thereafter, the whole or any part of such area in
respect of which, at the relevant time, the Contractor continues to have rights and obligations under this Contract.
“Contract Year” means a period of twelve (12) consecutive Calendar Months according to the Gregorian calendar, commencing on the
Effective Date or on each anniversary thereof.
“Contractor” means Kosmos or, in the event of assignment of Contractor participating interest or participation by Staatsolie pursuant to
Article 11, all Contractor Parties collectively at the time of reference.
“Contractor Party(ies)” means any party with a participating interest in Contractor’s rights and obligations under this Contract.
“Cost Oil” means the amount of produced Crude Oil allocated to Contractor for recovery of expenditures pursuant to Sub-articles 13.2,
13.3, 13.4 and 13.5.
“Cost Recovery” means the process by which Contractor is allocated produced Crude Oil for the recovery of its Petroleum Expenditures
pursuant to Article 13.
“Crude Oil” means all hydrocarbons, which are solid or liquid under normal atmospheric conditions of temperature and pressure, and
includes any liquid hydrocarbon extracted from Natural Gas either by normal field separation, dehydration or in a gas plant.
“Date of Declaration of a Commercial Field” means the date on which Contractor has submitted to the Operations Committee the
declaration of a Commercial Field pursuant to Sub-Article 9.3.
“Date of Establishment of a Commercial Field” means the date on which Contractor has received written approval from the Operations
Committee for the Development Plan of a Commercial Field.
“Date of Initial Commercial Production” means the date on which the regular production of Crude Oil, excluding production from the
testing of wells, starts from the first Commercial Field.
“Day” means a period of one (1) twenty-four (24) hour calendar day commencing at 00:00 hours.
“Delivery Point” for Petroleum means the custody transfer point where Petroleum is measured and delivered to Parties, and where
ownership and risk of loss of the Petroleum is transferred to the lifting Party, the location of which is specified in the approved Development Plan.
“Development and Production Area” means that part of the Contract Area containing a Commercial Field, as defined in the Development
Plan pursuant to Sub-article 9.5.
“Development and Production Period” in respect of each Commercial Field, commences on the Date of Establishment of a Commercial
Field and shall terminate at the expiration of this Contract.
“Development” or “Development Operations” means all work, whether inside or outside Suriname, associated with:
planning, procurement, design, and execution related to the drilling and completion of Development Wells; and
planning, design, construction, installation and commissioning of facilities for the Production of Petroleum including purchase or leasing of all materials
which are required for Production, treatment, waste disposal, transport, storage and lifting of Petroleum and for reservoir pressure maintenance, injection,
recycling and secondary and tertiary recovery projects for the execution of this Contract.
“Development Expenditures” means all capital costs and expenses made for Development Operations during the Development and
Production Period excluding interest, as determined in accordance with the Accounting Procedure.
“Development Plan” means the plan for Development of a Commercial Field pursuant to Sub-article 9.5.
“Development Well” means any Production, injection or observation well drilled as part of the Development Plan or subsequent expansion,
infill drilling or enhanced recovery program in an existing Commercial Field. This also includes reentering of suspended Exploration and/or Appraisal Wells.
“Discovery” means the penetration by a well of a Petroleum Reservoir within the Contract Area which was previously unknown, and
which could indicate the existence of a Commercial Field.
“Discovery Area” means, that portion of the Contract Area, reasonably determined by Contractor and to be approved by Staatsolie, on the
basis of the available seismic and well data to cover the real extent of the geological structure in which the Discovery is made. A Discovery Area may be
modified, subject to Staatsolie’s approval, at any time by Contractor, if justified on the basis of new information, but may not be modified after the date of
completion of the Appraisal program. In the event Staatsolie disapproves a Discovery Area, either Party has the right to refer the matter to an independent expert
in accordance with Sub-Article 41.5.
“Dispute” means any dispute, controversy or claim between the Parties arising out of, relating to or in connection with this Contract or the
scope, breach, termination or validity thereof.
“Domestic Supply Requirement” means Crude Oil consumed in Suriname and shall include only Crude Oil which is subsequently
refined into petroleum products, or burned for development of electricity, within the national borders of Suriname. For the avoidance of doubt Crude Oil
provided under this Contract to meet the Domestic Supply Requirement shall not be exported and the calculation of the Domestic Supply Requirement shall not
include petroleum products.
“Effective Date” means the date on which this Contract comes into force
pursuant to Sub-article 37.2.
“Environmental Damage” means any damage, disturbance or hindrance of the environment such as significant soil erosion, removal of
vegetation, destruction of wildlife, marine organisms, pollution of groundwater, pollution of surface water, land or sea contamination, air pollution, noise
pollution, bush fire, disruption of water supplies, disruption of natural drainage, damage to archaeological, paleontological and cultural sites.
“Expatriate Employee” means a person, who at the start of his/her employment contract did not reside in the Republic of Suriname and
who is employed by Contractor or a Sub-Contractor for purposes of this Contract.
“Exploration Expenditures” means all costs and expenses paid for Exploration Operations during the Exploration Period or afterward
pursuant to Sub-article 3.5 as determined in accordance with the Accounting Procedure.
“Exploration” or “Exploration Operations” means all activities carried out in the search for Petroleum, Appraisal of Discoveries and
subsequent activities leading to the decision of whether or not to submit a Development Plan and any subsequent preparation of a Development Plan. This
includes planning, preparation and conduct of geological and geophysical studies, drilling and well testing activities and technical and economic evaluations.
Exploration Operations shall include all plugging, abandonment, and rehabilitation activities associated with Exploration Wells.
“Exploration Period” means the period specified in Sub-article 3.2 hereof including any extension of such period in accordance with Subarticle 3.3, during which Contractor is to carry out Exploration Operations.
“Exploration Well” means any well, which upon commencement is intended to explore for any accumulation of Petroleum previously
“Force Majeure” means an event, other than the obligation to pay money (unless payment is prohibited by government instruction or order
as noted below), which could not reasonably be expected to have been prevented or controlled and is beyond the ability of the affected Party to control using
reasonable efforts, including but not limited to:
earthquake, storm, flood, lightning, or other adverse weather conditions, war or other military activity, fire, embargo, blockade, riot, civil disorder, labor
disputes, strikes and other labor stoppages. “Force Majeure” also encompasses orders given by a government having jurisdiction over a Party, or laws and
other regulations enacted by such government or inaction by such government to perform those acts that can reasonably be expected to be performed.
“Government” means the government of the Republic of Suriname.
“Government Authority” means the Government and any subdivision thereof, including any local government or other representative
authority or agency, which has the authority to govern, legislate, regulate and collect taxes or duties, grant licenses and permits, approve or otherwise impact
(whether financially or otherwise) directly or indirectly, any of Staatsolie’s rights and or Contractor’s rights, obligations or activities under this Contract.
“Gross Negligence or Willful Misconduct” means an intentional and conscious or reckless disregard of a duty regarding good and
prudent international oil industry practices, but shall not include (i) any act or inaction required, in the opinion of the Party acting or failing to act based upon
the circumstances known to such Party at the time, to meet emergency conditions including, but not limited to, the safeguarding of life, property and
Petroleum Operations, or (ii) any error of judgment or mistake made in the exercise of good faith of any function, authority, or discretion conferred upon the
“Gross Production” means all Crude Oil produced and saved from the Contract Area during the Development and Production Period of
each Commercial Field, and delivered to the Delivery Point, excluding water, sediments and any Petroleum used in Petroleum Operations.
“LIBOR” means interest at the rate per annum equal to the one (1) month term, London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR rate) for US
Dollar deposits, as published in London by the Financial Times or if not published, then by the Wall Street Journal, applicable on the first business day of
the month in which such interest commences to accrue and thereafter on the first Business Day of each succeeding Calendar month. For the purpose of this
definition “Business day” means a day on which the Financial Times or the Wall Street Journal (as the case may be) published the LIBOR rate for US Dollar
“Minimum Work Obligations” means those work obligations set forth in Sub-articles 5.2.1, 5.2.2 and 5.2.3 for each respective phase of
the Exploration Period.
“Mining Decree” means Decree E-58 of May 8, 1986, Official Gazette 1986 No. 28 of the Republic of Suriname.
“Natural Gas” means all hydrocarbons produced from the Contract Area, which at a temperature of sixty (60) degrees Fahrenheit and
pressure of fourteen point seven (14.7) p.s.i., are in a gaseous phase, including wet mineral gas, dry mineral gas, wet gas and residue gas remaining after the
extraction, processing or separation of both liquid hydrocarbons and non-hydrocarbon gas or gasses produced in association with liquid or gaseous Petroleum.
“Operating Expenditures” means all costs and expenses, excluding interest expenditures incurred for Production Operations, as
determined in accordance with the Accounting Procedure.
“Operations Committee” means the committee established pursuant to Sub-article 7.1.
“Operator” means the Contractor Party responsible for the conduct of Petroleum Operations as determined in Article 6.
“Parent Company Performance Guarantee” means a written assurance by a parent company of Contractor, or in the case of multiple
Contractor Parties, a parent company of each Contractor Party, for the satisfactory performance and discharge of Contractor’s obligations during the term of
this Contract and, in the event of withdrawal by Contractor, to make payment as specified in Sub-article 5.8.
“Party” or “Parties” means Staatsolie and/or Contractor, as the case may be.
“Petroleum” means as the context requires, Crude Oil and/or Natural Gas.
“Petroleum Expenditures” means Exploration Expenditures, Operating Expenditures and Development Expenditures.
“Petroleum Expenditures Account” shall mean the account showing the charges and credits accrued as Petroleum Expenditures.
“Petroleum Field” means one (1) or more Petroleum Reservoirs, which have been identified by one (1) or more Exploration Wells or
“Petroleum Law of 1990” means the law of March 6, 1991, Official Gazette 1991 No. 7 of the Republic of Suriname as amended in
“Petroleum Operations” means all activities (both in and outside the Republic of Suriname), relating to Exploration, Development and
“Petroleum Reservoir” means a single continuous deposit of Petroleum in the pores of a formation, which has a single pressure system
and does not communicate with other zones.
“Production” or “Production Operations” means all activities, up to the Delivery Point, other than Development Operations, performed in
or outside Suriname during the Development and Production Period for the ongoing and continuous production, treatment, gathering, transport, storage and
lifting of Petroleum and includes all works and activities connected therewith, including enhanced recovery operations such as recycling, recompression,
pressure maintenance, treatment of discharged water, water flooding and abandonment.
“Profit Oil” means the Crude Oil remaining after deduction of Royalty and Cost Oil from Crude Oil produced and saved from the
Contract Area and delivered to the Delivery Point, calculated in accordance with the provisions of Sub-article 13.7.
“Proven Reserves” are those quantities of Crude Oil which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with
reasonable certainty to be commercially recoverable, from a given date forward, from known Petroleum Reservoirs and under current economic conditions,
operating methods, and government regulations, as described in the “2007 Petroleum Resources Management System” adopted by the Society of Petroleum
Engineers and the World Petroleum Congress, or as updated from time to time, and mutually agreed upon between Parties.
“Realized Price” shall mean the price of Crude Oil FOB, actually realized in freely convertible currency, at the Delivery Point.
“Royalty” means the fee or delivery in kind to the Republic of Suriname as described in Article 12.
“Signing Date” means the date on which the Parties sign this Contract.
“Site Restoration” means all activities required to return a site to its natural state or to render a site compatible with its intended future use
by the Republic of Suriname, after cessation of and in relation to Petroleum Operations, and to repair any Environmental Damage to the extent reasonably
feasible. These activities shall include, where appropriate, removal of equipment, structures and debris, pipelines, establishment of compatible contours and
drainage, replacement of top soil, re-vegetation, slope stabilization, filling of excavations, or any other appropriate actions, consistent with good international
petroleum industry practices.
“Sub-Contractor” means a natural person or legal entity, providing services to Contractor directly connected with and typically related to
“Tax” or “Taxes” means all existing or future levies, duties, payments, fees, taxes or contributions payable to or imposed by any
“Work Program” means the annual plan for the conduct of Petroleum Operations, prepared in accordance with Article 8.
SCOPE OF THE CONTRACT
This Contract is a production-sharing contract in accordance with the provisions contained herein. Its objective is the Exploration, Development and
Production of Petroleum in the Contract Area by Contractor, carried out in consultation with and under supervision of the Operations Committee for the
mutual benefit and profit of the Parties.
Grant of Exclusive Right
Staatsolie grants to Contractor the sole and exclusive right to conduct Petroleum Operations within the Contract Area. Except for the rights expressly provided
for herein, this Contract shall not include rights for any activity other than Petroleum Operations.
Notwithstanding the above, upon thirty (30) Days prior notice to Contractor, Staatsolie shall have the right to obtain regional gravity, magnetic, geological and
2D seismic data for its own purpose during the term of the Contract, ensuring that this will not unduly interfere or unreasonably interrupt Contractors
Petroleum Operations and Expenditures
Contractor is hereby exclusively designated to carry out Petroleum Operations in the Contract Area and shall be responsible for rendering the technical and
operational services required for the management and performance of Petroleum Operations. In particular, but not by way of limitation, Contractor shall:
carry out all Exploration, Development, Production and Abandonment in the Contract Area;
bear all costs necessary for Exploration Operations;
if one or more Commercial Fields are established in the Contract Area, bear all costs for the Development and Production of such
Commercial Fields, except if Staatsolie, at its sole option, decides to participate in such Development and Production pursuant to Article 11
Article 13; and
be entitled to recover its Petroleum Expenditures from its share of any Petroleum produced from the Contract Area in accordance with
be entitled to Profit Oil from any Petroleum produced from the Contract Area in accordance with Article 13.
Exploration, Development and Production shall be carried out at the sole cost and risk of Contractor.
If no Commercial Field is established in the Contract Area, or if the Cost Oil is insufficient to fully reimburse Contractor in accordance
with the terms of this Contract, Contractor shall bear its own loss and Staatsolie shall have no obligation to reimburse Contractor for such loss.
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, and subject to the provisions of Article 39, nothing contained in this Contract
shall be construed or interpreted to require Contractor to develop or produce or continue to produce Petroleum from a Commercial Field, which, in Contractor’s
opinion, does not provide it with an acceptable rate of return.
Approval for Cost Recovery
Staatsolie shall approve Petroleum Expenditures for Cost Recovery in accordance with the Accounting Procedure.
This Contract does not, and is not to be construed by either Party to create a partnership, joint venture or any other legal entity or structure between the Parties.
Each Party shall be solely responsible for its own acts and omissions (and the acts and omissions of its employees, consultants, and agents). Neither Party
shall have any authority to act for the other Party and no act of one Party shall bind the other Party to any third party.
TERM OF THE CONTRACT
This Contract shall remain in force for a term of thirty (30) Contract Years from the Effective Date or twenty five (25) years starting from the date on which
the Operator has received written approval of the Development Plan of the first Commercial Field, whichever is the greater. The Contract may be extended upon
mutual agreement of the Parties.
The term of this Contract shall be divided in one (1) Exploration Period and one (1) or more Development and Production Period(s), which shall not exceed the
term of this Contract as set out in this Article.
The Exploration Period shall be seven (7) years divided into three (3) phases as follows:
Phase 1 of the Exploration Period shall have a duration of three (3) years commencing on the Effective Date of this Contract
Phase 2 of the Exploration Period shall have a duration of two (2) years immediately following phase 1.
Phase 3 of the Exploration Period shall have a duration of two (2) years immediately following phase 2.
Contractor shall have the right to withdraw from this Contract at the end of each phase of the Exploration Period, provided that, subject to
Sub-article 5.6, the Minimum Work Obligations for such phase have been fulfilled, by notifying Staatsolie of its election, given pursuant to Sub-articles
5.2.1, 5.2.2 or 5.2.3, as applicable.
For the avoidance of doubt, there will be no mandatory relinquishment during the Exploration Period, provided however during any extension of the
Exploration Period, relinquishments will be required in accordance with Article 9.
Extension of Exploration Period
In case of unforeseen delays which are not an event of Force Majeure, Contractor may, at least sixty (60) Days prior to the expiration of any phase of the
Exploration Period, request Staatsolie to extend the duration of such phase for a maximum of one (1) Calendar Year in order to complete ongoing drilling
operations, including logging and drill stem testing of wells. Approval of any such application shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed. Notwithstanding
the foregoing, in the case of delays associated with drilling operations which are not part of the Minimum Work Obligations such application shall be granted.
For any Discovery made at any point during the Exploration Period, Contractor shall have the right to retain such Discovery and its resulting Discovery Area
in order to Appraise and submit a Development Plan, all in accordance with Article 9. The Exploration Period of the resulting Discovery Area will be extended
in order to complete such work.
Commercial Field during Exploration Period
If during the Exploration Period a Commercial Field has been determined pursuant to Article 9, the Exploration Period for that Commercial Field shall be
terminated. Exploration Operations shall continue in the remaining portion of the Contract Area until the end of the Exploration Period, subject to ring fencing
per Commercial Field.
Exploration in Development and Production Areas
During the entire term of this Contract, Contractor may conduct exploratory activities in all Development and Production Areas, at all depths and strata, until
Contractor relinquishes these areas or this Contract is terminated. These exploration expenditures, which are the result of the above mentioned exploration
activities, after expiration of the Exploration Period, shall not be cost recovered through existing Commercial Fields, but shall only be recoverable from
production from the newly discovered reservoirs established as the result of such exploratory activities.
Development and Production Period
The Development and Production Period of a Commercial Field shall commence on the Date of Establishment of a Commercial Field and
shall terminate at the expiration of this Contract.
If Production Operations in a Commercial Field are stopped during the Exploration Period, the Commercial Field shall continue to be part
of the Contract Area to the end of the Exploration Period.
Contractor may, upon at least three hundred and sixty-five (365) Days prior notice to Staatsolie, elect to abandon a Commercial Field.
Within one hundred eighty (180) Days of receipt of Contractor’s notice, Staatsolie may, upon notice to Contractor, elect to assume responsibility for such
field. In such case, Contractor shall, acting as a prudent Operator, transfer and deliver the Commercial Field and all associated facilities to Staatsolie in
working order and as a going concern (“as is, where is”) whereupon Contractor shall be released from all liability and responsibility accruing after such
When such transfer and delivery of a Commercial Field has taken place, a) the custody of the Abandonment Fund allocated to such
Commercial Field and facilities in accordance with Article 29 shall transferred to Staatsolie and b) unrecovered costs associated with such field at the moment
of transfer, will no longer be recoverable.
If Staatsolie fails to make an election within the one hundred and eighty (180) Day period or provides notice to Contractor that it does not
wish to assume responsibility for the Commercial Field, Contractor may abandon the Commercial Field. In this case the Development and Production Area
belonging to such Commercial Field will be relinquished, and abandoned in accordance with Article 29.
On expiration of this Contract, the Parties shall negotiate the terms and conditions of a revised agreement with respect to the Contract Area or part of it, if they
wish to continue Petroleum Operations. Failure to reach an agreement shall not give rise to a dispute and shall not be subjected to arbitration in accordance
with Article 41 and marks the end of the Contract.
LOCATION AND SIZE OF THE CONTRACT AREA
Location and Size
The Contract Area comprises 5126 square kilometers, as delineated in Annex 1 and by the coordinates set out in Annex 2.
The Contract Area has been delimited for the purpose of determining the surface area for the conduct of Petroleum Operations; no rights to the soil or sub-soil
or to any natural resources existing therein are granted to Contractor, except the rights expressly granted by this Contract and Applicable Law.
MINIMUM EXPLORATION PROGRAM
Contractor shall commence Exploration Operations within ninety (90) Days of the Effective Date.
Work Obligations during the Exploration Period.
The Minimum Work Obligations of Contractor shall be as follows:
Exploration Period - Phase 1
The Minimum Work Obligations for phase 1 of the Exploration Period shall be as follows:
reprocess all available 2D seismic data across Block 45;
Acquire, process and interpret one thousand (1000) square km of 3D seismic data.
Conduct geological analysis and evaluation of the data in the Contract Area supplied to the Contractor pursuant to Sub-article 21.2.
At the end of phase 1 Contractor will have the option to enter into phase 2 or withdraw from the Contract and relinquish the Contract Area with no further
obligations for either Party and will, at least sixty (60) Days prior to the end of phase 1, report its election to Staatsolie in writing.
Exploration Period - Phase 2
The Minimum Work Obligations for phase 2 of the Exploration Period shall be as follows:
Drill at least one (1) Exploration Well in the Contract Area
Conduct geological analysis and evaluation of the data acquired by the Contractor in the Contract Area.
At the end of phase 2 Contractor will have the option to enter into phase 3 or withdraw from the Contract and relinquish the Contract Area with no further
obligations for either Party and the Contractor shall, at least sixty (60) Days prior to the end of phase 2, report its election to Staatsolie in writing.
Exploration Period - Phase 3
The Minimum Work Obligations for phase 3 of the Exploration Period shall be as follows:
Drill at least one (1) Exploration Well in the Contract Area
Conduct geological analysis and evaluation of the data acquired by the Contractor in the Contract Area.
Subject to Section 3.3, at the end of phase 3 Contractor shall either relinquish all of the Contract Area except Development and Production Areas and areas for
which a declaration of a Commercial Field is pending before the Operations Committee or withdraw from the Contract and relinquish all of the Contract Area
with no further obligations for either Party.
Minimum Work Obligation - Deemed Fulfilled
If Contractor has fulfilled the Minimum Work Obligations during a phase of the Exploration Period, the commitments for such phase of the Exploration Period
shall be deemed completely fulfilled.
Minimum Work Obligations - Carried Forward
Work performed in excess of the Minimum Work Obligations during any phase of the Exploration Period shall be carried forward into subsequent phases of
the Exploration Period. This work shall be credited against the Minimum Work Obligations of subsequent phases.
Staatsolie and Contractor agree that the Exploration Operations shall be determined by Contractor, at its sole discretion. Contractor shall inform Staatsolie in
advance of its Exploration drilling schedule or program, or of any modifications thereof.
Drilling Problems - Well Obligation Deemed Fulfilled
If, during drilling of an Exploration Well and prior to reaching the targeted depth, drilling problems are encountered which, after all reasonable efforts (in
accordance with good practices generally observed in the international petroleum industry) have been made to drill deeper, render further drilling of the said
Exploration Well impossible, impractical or unsafe, Contractor may plug and abandon or complete the well and the work obligation for such well shall be
Parent Company Performance Guarantee
On or before entering into any phase of the Exploration Period, Contractor shall provide Staatsolie with a Parent Company Performance Guarantee guaranteeing
the execution of the Minimum Work Obligation, for the relevant phase as described in Annex 7.
Contractor’s Obligation to Make Payment
Subject to Sub-article 3.3, if at the end of the relevant Exploration phase the Minimum Work Obligations for such phase of the
Exploration Period have not been fulfilled, as set out in Article 5.2, Contractor or the Company that issued the Parent Company Performance Guarantee shall
pay Staatsolie the difference between (i) and (ii) below:
The estimated cost of the Minimum Work Obligation for each Exploration phase, are as follows:
For phase 1, US$ eight (8) million;
for phase 2, US$ eight-five (85) million; and
for phase 3 US$ one hundred (100) million;
the Exploration Expenditures attributable to such phase of the Exploration Period, incurred by Contractor up to the date of the decision to
withdraw was received by Staatsolie.
Subject to Sub-article 3.3, if the Minimum Work Obligations of any phase of the Exploration Period has not been fulfilled prior to the end
of such phase, as determined in accordance with Article 5, Contractor shall be deemed to have withdrawn from the Contract at the end of such phase, and
shall pay Staatsolie the amount calculated based on Sub-article 5.8.1
Withdrawal during Exploration Period
If Contractor elects to withdraw and has made the payment required by Sub-article 5.8, all its obligations under this Contract shall end and be deemed
completely fulfilled, except for Site Restoration obligations of Contractor.
Completion of Minimum Work Obligations — Contractor Notice
Within sixty (60) Days following completion of the Minimum Work Obligations for each phase of the Exploration Period, Contractor
shall notify Staatsolie that it has fulfilled the Minimum Work Obligations under Sub-article 5.2 regarding the respective phase of the Exploration Period.
Staatsolie will within thirty (30) Days of receiving such notice, confirm in writing that Contractor has fulfilled such Minimum Work
Obligations of the relevant phase of the Exploration Period.
Completion of Minimum Work Obligations - Staatsolie Verification
If Staatsolie does not dispute in writing, within thirty (30) Days of Contractor’s notice pursuant to Sub-article 5.10, that Contractor has
fulfilled its Minimum Work Obligations with respect to such phase, Contractor shall be deemed to have completed its Minimum Work Obligations with
respect to the relevant phase.
If Staatsolie does dispute in writing that Contractor has fulfilled its Minimum Work Obligations, such objections shall set forth the full
details of Staatsolie’s objections. Parties shall discuss disputes, which may arise as to whether or not the Minimum Work Obligations have been satisfied, in
an effort to reach an amicable solution. Either of the Parties may refer the matter to dispute resolution, pursuant to Article 41, should they remain unable to
General Standards of Conduct
The Operator shall carry out the Petroleum Operations diligently and in accordance with good international petroleum industry practice.
In particular, the Operator shall, in accordance with good international petroleum industry practice:
ensure that all machinery, plants, equipment and installations used by the Contractor in connection with the Petroleum Operations are of
proper and accepted construction and are well maintained;
use the resources of the Contract Area as productively as possible and prevent spills of Petroleum, mud or any other substances;
prevent damage to all (including adjacent) strata which bear petroleum or water;
adhere to all HSE practices as described in this Contract.
Kosmos is hereby designated to be the Operator and is responsible for the management, coordination, implementation and conduct of the
day-to-day Petroleum Operations on behalf of the Parties under this Contract. There shall only be one (1) Operator at any given time. Only Contractor or one of
the Contractor Parties shall be Operator. Staatsolie must consent to any changes in Operator, and such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld in the event
of a competent replacement.
If Operator resigns or the Contractor Parties agree upon a replacement for Operator, it shall continue to serve as Operator in a temporary
capacity until another Operator, agreed upon by the Contractor Parties, assumes its responsibilities. Parties agree to deal in good faith with one another in
selecting a replacement Operator. In no event shall Operator be required to serve in a temporary capacity for more than twelve (12) consecutive months.
Responsibilities and Authority of Operator
The responsibilities of Operator shall be the management, and conduct of the day-to-day Petroleum Operations on behalf of Contractor Parties pursuant to
Article 6, and all other functions as may be delegated to Operator by Contractor Parties. Operator may sub-contract specialist work as necessary for the
conduct of Petroleum Operations.
Operator shall adopt and implement all policies, procedures and operational practices required by Applicable Law and according to good international
petroleum industry practices and which the Parties otherwise deem necessary for the conduct of Petroleum Operations in accordance with this Contract.
Status of Operator
Operator shall not receive any payments acting as Operator according to this Contract, except as otherwise provided in the Accounting procedure and any joint
operating agreement which may be executed by Contractor Parties.
The books and accounts of Operator will record all financial flows or other transactions passing through Operator to the Contractor Parties in accordance with
this Contract as though Operator did not exist as a commercial entity separately from its status as Contractor (or as a Contractor Party).
In order to enable Staatsolie and Contractor to carry out Petroleum Operations in mutual cooperation at all times, Parties shall, within sixty
(60) Days after the Effective Date, form an Operations Committee, consisting of three (3) representatives from each of Staatsolie and Contractor. Parties shall
notify each other of the names of its representatives and alternates within the time prescribed above. The senior representative of Staatsolie shall be the
chairperson of the Operations Committee. The duties of the chairperson shall include, without limitation, drafting of the agenda, presiding at meetings of the
Operations Committee, establishment and maintenance of the minute books and coordinating communications between the Parties.
The size of the Operations Committee may be changed by mutual consent but shall not exceed a total membership of six (6). The Parties
may replace their representatives or alternates. The names of the replaced representatives and alternates shall be communicated to the other Party at least three
(3) days prior to a meeting of the Operations Committee. Consultants and/or advisors may accompany the representatives to the meetings of the Operations
Committee. Such representatives, consultants and advisors shall have no voting rights and shall be subject to the confidentiality restrictions of Article 22.
Reasonable and documented, direct costs associated with the Operations Committee meetings shall be borne by the Contractor and eligible
for Cost Recovery. The chairperson of the Operations Committee may, on behalf of Staatsolie, submit to Operator documented invoices for such direct costs
and Operator shall make appropriate payment within 30 days.
Staatsolie and Contractor shall each have one (1) undivided vote to cast on any matter submitted to the Operations Committee for
approval. For this purpose, both Staatsolie and Contractor shall give notice to each other, specifying the identity of the Authorized Representative, which may
be changed by written notice to the other Party.
Subject to Sub-article 7.8, all decisions required by this Contract to be made by the Operations Committee shall require the unanimous
vote of both Staatsolie and
Contractor. Any approval by the Operations Committee shall be deemed to be an approval by Staatsolie to the extent such approval is required by this Contract
or Applicable Law.
Regarding matters on which agreement cannot be reached, on the basis of sound and reasonable arguments brought by each Party, the
Operations Committee shall attempt to resolve the matter in good faith. However, if the Operations Committee fails to reach a decision on disputed matters,
then either Party may agree to refer such matter to determination by independent experts, according to Sub-Article 41.5 or may refer such matter to arbitration
according to Sub-Articles 41.1 and 41.2.
A quorum of the Operations Committee shall, for regular meetings, consist of at least two (2) representatives from each of Staatsolie and
Contractor, including the respective Authorized Representatives.
Proposal(s) other than those of Work Program(s) and Budget(s) shall be considered rejected if no action is taken by the Operations
Committee within thirty (30) Days of receipt of Contractor’s proposal(s). To the degree possible, and if acceptable to the Parties, all undisputed portions of the
proposal shall be approved and promptly take effect.
Unless otherwise agreed by the Parties, the Operations Committee shall meet two (2) times per Calendar Year beginning in 2012 in
Paramaribo, Suriname or another mutually accepted venue.
Additional meetings of the Operations Committee may be called by either Party as deemed necessary, with at least twenty (20) Days prior
notice to the other Party, which period may be waived by mutual agreement of the Parties, specifying the proposed agenda, time and venue of the meeting.
If urgent action is required, additional meetings shall be convened whenever necessary and on such notice as deemed reasonable under the
circumstances. If time is of the essence, a matter may be decided by the Operations Committee through a telecommunication meeting confirmed by facsimile,
or emailed PDF.
Attendance at Meetings
All regular meetings shall be attended in person by at least two (2) representatives from each Party. Additional meetings shall be attended by at least one
(1) representative from each Party. A maximum of one (1) representative of a Party unable to attend a regular meeting and any representative of a Party unable
to attend an additional meeting in person, may attend by
teleconference or phone, so long as he or she can be heard by all attendees and can hear all discussion during the meeting. If the Authorized Representative
attends a meeting by teleconference or phone, his or her voice vote shall be confirmed in writing, and immediately sent to the chairperson either by courier,
emailed PDF or by facsimile.
Written Response in Lieu of Meeting
Subject to a Party’s right to call an additional meeting, when one Party is of the opinion that an action of the Operations Committee can be taken without
holding a meeting, the Authorized Representative of that Party shall give written notice to that of the other Party providing sufficient information to permit the
other Party to determine whether to agree to such action. All such notices shall clearly state the proposed action and contain a place for the Authorized
Representative of each Party to sign the notice approving the action. Failure of the other Party to respond in writing within twenty (20) Days of receiving such
notice shall be deemed a rejection of the proposed action by the receiving Party. The signed original(s) of all such notices approved by the Parties under this
Sub-article shall be placed in the minute books of the Operations Committee.
Agenda and Minutes
Operator and Staatsolie, through the chairperson, shall be responsible for preparation of the draft agenda and supporting documents for each meeting of the
Operations Committee. Responsibility for taking and distribution of minutes will be assigned by the chairperson at the start of the meeting. A copy of all
minutes shall be distributed to each representative within ten (10) Days following the meeting. Within thirty (30) days of receipt, all minutes shall be reviewed
and either initially approved or corrected and the chairperson advised thereof. The minutes shall then be considered for formal approval at the next Operations
Committee meeting after their distribution.
Responsibilities during entire Contract Period
Subject to Sub-articles 7.8 and 7.9, the Operations Committee shall provide policy and general guidance regarding operations under the Contract. Such policy
and guidance shall include:
supervision of Petroleum Operations carried out by Contractor in accordance with the Work Programs and Budgets;
Approve if Petroleum Operations are adequately insured at a reputable international insurance company and in case of world-wide
insurance to approve the premium if is pro rata shared;
approval for disposal of Material and Equipment from Contractor as described in the Accounting Procedure;
review of audited accounts of Petroleum Operations;
approval of training programs and projects aimed at the community at large in accordance with Article 32 and amounts budgeted for such
establishing subcommittees for matters within the jurisdiction of the Operations Committee;
approval of the boundaries of each Development and Production Area;
approval of Development Plans;
approval of plans and budgets for operations relating to secondary recovery and the enhancement of Production;
approval of expenditures in excess of the amount provided in the Budget, concerning Development Operations and Production Operations,
subject to the provisions of Article 8;
all other functions which may be expressly delegated to the Operations Committee by agreement of the Parties.
Responsibilities during Exploration Period
Except where it is specifically stated that Staatsolie shall approve a proposal, the function and responsibility of the Operations Committee during the
Exploration Period shall be to review and advise on the Exploration Operations of Contractor. Such review and advice shall include:
review and advice on Contractors budget and work program and operations
review of Contractor’s Appraisal report on the commerciality of a Petroleum Field.
Responsibilities during Development and Production Period
During the Development and Production Period(s), the function and responsibility of the Operations Committee shall be to review, comment on and approve,
Petroleum Operations of
Contractor. Such review, advice and approval shall not be will be unreasonably withheld shall include:
approval of work programs and budgets in accordance with Article 8.4;
approval of the adjustment and modifications of approved Development Plans;
review of operational activities.
Communication to Operations Committee
All documents and communication intended for the Operations Committee should be addressed to the chairperson of this committee.
CONDUCT OF OPERATIONS, WORK PROGRAM AND BUDGET
General Obligations Contractor
Contractor shall be responsible for the conduct of the Petroleum Operations. Contractor shall carry out the Petroleum Operations in the Contract Area
diligently, expeditiously, efficiently, and with the objective to economically maximize the ultimate recovery of Crude Oil and Natural Gas from the Commercial
Field(s) in accordance with good international petroleum industry practice, and in consultation with or after approval of, as applicable, the Operations
Committee, pursuant to Sub-articles 7.7, 7.8 and 7.9.
Initial Work Program and Budget
Contractor shall, within ninety (90) Days after the Effective Date, submit to the Operations Committee for its review and comment, in accordance with Subarticles 7.7 and 7.8, a Work Program and Budget for the Exploration Operations for the remainder of the first Calendar Year of the Exploration Period. If the
Effective Date is less than one hundred thirty-five (135) Days before the end of the first Calendar Year, Contractor shall submit a Work Program and Budget
for the Exploration Operations for the remainder of the first Calendar Year and the subsequent Calendar Year of the Exploration Period.
Annual Work Program and Budget
Contractor shall submit to the Operations Committee for its review and advisement in accordance with Sub-articles 7.7 and 7.8, a Work Program and a
Budget for the subsequent Calendar Year at least ninety (90) Days before the commencement of each Calendar Year. Submission of the Work Program(s) and
Budget(s) shall not be considered a decision by Contractor to enter the subsequent phases of the Exploration Period in accordance with Sub-article 5.2.
During the Exploration Period, the Work Program(s) submitted by Contractor for each Calendar Year shall be accompanied by an indicative schedule for
operations for the remainder of the then current phase of the Minimum Work Obligations accordance with Article 5.
Development and Production
Contractor shall submit for review and approval a Work Program and Budget for each Commercial Field for each Calendar Year to the Operations Committee
at least ninety (90) Days prior to the commencement of such Calendar Year. Notwithstanding the foregoing, for activities related to Exploration Operations
conducted during a Development and Production Period shall be submitted in accordance with Sub-article 8.3.1.
Review and Approval of Work Program and Budget
After the submission of each Work Program and Budget in accordance with Sub-article 8.3, the Operations Committee will meet within
thirty (30) Days and Operator will explain the proposed Work Program and Budget. The Parties shall review and either i) advise (for Exploration Operations)
or ii) approve, propose modifications to, or reject the proposed Work Program and Budget (for Development Operations or Production Operations) in
accordance with Sub-article 7.8 and 7.9 as appropriate.
Following review and consideration of any modifications of the Work Program and Budget proposed by Staatsolie, the Contractor shall,
within fifteen (15) Days of the proposed changes, re-submit the final Work Program and Budget for the subject Calendar Year.
For Work Programs and Budgets related to Exploration Operations, the Work Program and Budget re-submitted as described in Subarticle 8.4.2 shall be deemed final.
For Work Programs and Budgets related to Development Operations or Production Operations, within fifteen (15) Days following the
receipt of the re-submitted Work Program and Budget as described in Sub-article 8.4.2, Staatsolie shall notify the Contractor of its Operations Committee vote
of approval or rejection of the re-submitted Work Program and Budget and, if a vote of rejection, propose modifications with detailed reasons for such
modifications. In the case that Staatsolie fails to respond to the re-submitted Work Program and Budget within fifteen (15) Days from its receipt thereof, the
resubmitted Work Program and Budget shall be deemed approved by the Operations Committee.
In the event that Staatsolie rejects such re-submitted Work Program and Budget as described in Sub-article 8.4.2, the Contractor may
either accept the modifications to the Work Program and Budget proposed by Staatsolie or refer its re-submitted Work Program and Budget to Expert
Determination in accordance with Sub-article 41.5. The decision of the expert shall be limited to approval or rejection of the Work Program and Budget
submitted by the Contractor. Pending receipt of the final decision of the independent expert, the Contractor shall have the right (but not an obligation) to
continue operations in any manner
that is not inconsistent with Staatsolie’s proposed modifications to the Work Program and Budget.
Modifications to Work Program and Budget
During the Exploration Period and for any subsequent Exploration, Contractor shall implement the Work Program and Budget that was
reviewed by the Operations Committee. Modification to or revision of the details of such a Work Program and Budget may be conducted at the discretion of
Contractor. Contractor shall inform the Operations Committee in advance of these modifications or revisions.
For Development Operations and Production, Contractor shall implement the Work Program and Budget approved by the Operations
Committee. Modification or revision of the details of the Work Program or Budget is permitted subject to the following:
For approved Development Operations and Production Operations, Operator may incur expenditures in excess of those in the Budget, but
not exceeding the greater of ten percent (10%) of the total expenditure approved for a line item under an applicable annual Budget or five million US Dollars
(US$5,000,000) in a total annual Budget. In such cases, Operator shall report in writing any such overexpenditure to the Operations Committee within
fourteen (14) Days after the overexpenditures are known to Operator.
In case of emergency, Operator may incur expenditures necessary for prudent Operations. Operator shall report such expenditures to the
Operations Committee in accordance with Sub-Article 220.127.116.11. Unless such emergency is due to Gross Negligence or Willful Misconduct on the part of
Operator, such expenditures shall be approved by the Operations Committee, and shall automatically be included in the approved Budget.
The aggregate of excess expenditures made under Sub-articles 8.5.2 shall not exceed ten percentages (10%) of the expenditures authorized
in the approved Budget. If Operator is of the opinion that a necessary expenditure would result in exceeding the limits set forth above, Operator shall justify
this expenditure to the Operations Committee and shall obtain its approval therefore. The provisions of Sub-article 8.4.2 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In case
of operational imperatives requiring such approval in a shorter timeframe, Parties shall endeavor to complete the approval process within such shorter time
frame. Excess expenditures shall become part of the approved Budget after approval by the Operations Committee.
Discovery and Appraisal Notifications
If Petroleum Operations carried out by Contractor result in a Discovery, Contractor shall inform Staatsolie within twenty four (24) hours
of such Discovery, followed by a notification within thirty (30) Days of the Discovery (the “Discovery Notice”), including all technical information data and
interpretations available and the delineation of the Discovery Area.
As soon as possible after the analysis of the data and information from such Discovery but no later than one hundred (100) Days from
the date of the Discovery Notice, Contractor shall by further notice inform Staatsolie whether or not in the opinion of Contractor the Discovery merits appraisal
and if Contractor indicates that the Discovery does merit Appraisal shall simultaneously submit its Appraisal program.
Where Contractor indicates, within one hundred (100) Days from the Date of the Discovery Notice, that the Discovery does not merit
Appraisal, Contractor shall, unless otherwise agreed between Contractor and Staatsolie and subject to Sub-Article 3.2, surrender the Discovery Area
corresponding to such Discovery, and forfeit any rights relating to Development and Production there from.
The Operations Committee shall review and provide advice on the Appraisal work program to be carried out by Contractor in respect of
such Discovery. The Operations Committee shall provide any proposed modifications within thirty (30) Days of receipt of Contractor’s proposal. Contractor
will consider such modifications and re-submit the final Appraisal work program within thirty (30) Days of receipt such proposed modifications.
Assessment of Commerciality
Contractor shall commence the Appraisal work program, which may include conducting studies, within thirty (30) Days from the date of
its final submission to the Operations Committee or otherwise the Discovery Area shall be relinquished, except as set out in Sub-Article 3.2.
Contractor shall assess the commerciality based on the production rates designed to maximize the ultimate recovery of Crude Oil
(maximum efficient rate) from the Commercial Field in accordance with good and prudent petroleum industry practices and field conservation principles, and
in accordance with the Appraisal work program which may be submitted to the Operations Committee for modification, from time to time in accordance with
Sub Article 9.1.4 to incorporate new information, interpretations, data and technology.
Contractor shall have a period of two (2) years from the date of final submission of the Appraisal work program to complete the Appraisal
work program. I f all agreed Appraisal activities under the Appraisal work program have been completed within this time and the results of those activities
indicate that further Appraisal is necessary to optimize Development, then Contractor may request that Staatsolie approve a six (6) month extension on the
basis of an agreed work program. Approval of such request shall not be unreasonably withheld.
Date of Declaration of a Commercial Field
Within ninety (90) Days upon completion of the Appraisal work program Contractor shall submit to the Operations Committee a declaration of a Commercial
Field. Failure to submit said declaration and subject to Sub-Article 3.2, results in surrender of the Discovery Area. The date on which Contractor has
submitted to the Operations Committee the declaration of a Commercial Field shall be “Date of Declaration of a Commercial Field”.
Contractor shall submit to the Operations Committee a detailed Appraisal report for such the Discovery Area, no later than ninety (90)
Days following the completion of the Appraisal work program. Such report shall include all available technical and economic data relevant to a determination
of potential commerciality. To the extent such data is available, this report shall include, but not be limited to:
geological and geophysical conditions;
areal extent, thickness and depth of pay zones; pressure, volume and temperature of the reservoir fluid;
Crude Oil and Natural Gas reserve estimates;
fluid characteristics, including, gravity, sulfur percentage, sediment and water percentage of the fluid;
anticipated production performance
an assessment of the commerciality of the field
No later than two hundred and ten (210) Days after the Date of Declaration of a Commercial Field, Contractor shall, with respect to each
Commercial Field, submit a Development Plan to the Operations Committee for approval. The Development Plan shall include, but not be limited to:
all relevant maps;
a general description of the techniques and equipment for development;
a description of proposed cooperation with Staatsolie;
a description of the goods, labor and services to be acquired from the Republic of Suriname in compliance with Article 32;
an Environmental Impact Assessment, conform Annex 5B, describing the possible environmental effects of the Petroleum Operations of the
a description of the technical and economic feasibility of optional methods of Development, including the impact of EOR techniques;
where any Petroleum Field(s) extend beyond the Contract Area, a suggested unitization or joint development plan;
a project work program and project budget including an estimate of the abandonment costs.;
an outline of financing the Development of the Commercial Field;
a calculation of proven, probable and possible Petroleum reserves;
a time line for Development Work leading to production and
a production profile for the Commercial Field, based upon production rates that ensures optimal ultimate recovery in accordance with best
petroleum industry practice;
m. the Delivery Point
the Work Program and Budget for the first year of Development Operations and Production Operations.
the surface outline of the area in which Development Operations and Production Operations will be conducted (“Development and Production Area”)
Copies of all studies regarding the proposed Development Plan shall be submitted both in paper and in digital format to the Operations
Rejection of Development Plan
The Operations Committee has one hundred (100) Days of its receipt decide whether it approve or reject the Development Plan. . In the event that the
Operations Committee fails to approve the proposed Development Plan, the objecting Party shall provide arguments for its rejection. Contractor may submit a
revised Development Plan for the same Commercial Field no later than sixty (60) Days after the date of notice of such rejection of the previously proposed
Development Plan. If Contractor does not submit the revised Development Plan within sixty (60) Days of receipt of such notice, it will lose all rights related to
that Commercial Field and shall relinquish that part of the Contract Area containing such Commercial Field, except as provided in Sub-Article 3.2.
Failure of Approval of Development Plan
In the event the Operations Committee fails to approve the re-submitted Development Plan within thirty (30) Days of its receipt, Parties
will meet within the following thirty (30) Days to seek a mutually acceptable solution, which may include amendments to the Development Plan.
If Parties have not reached a mutually acceptable solution within such thirty (30) Days, Contractor may withdraw the Development Plan.
If not withdrawn, either Party shall have the right to refer such proposed Development Plan to an independent expert in accordance with Sub-article 41.8. The
period pending resolution by the independent experts shall be considered Force Majeure, pursuant to Article 33.
Petroleum Discovered after Declaration of a Commercial Field
The discovery of Petroleum after the Date of Declaration of a Commercial Field, outside but nearby the delineated area of such Commercial Field and not
included in a submitted Development Plan, shall either be considered an expansion of an existing Petroleum Field or a new Petroleum Field, to be decided with
regard to each Commercial Field by Contractor using good international petroleum industry standards. Any dispute between the Parties
regarding the above may be submitted by either Party for resolution by expert determination in accordance with Sub-Article 41.7.
If the recoverable reserves of a Commercial Field extend into adjacent Contract Area(s), Staatsolie may require the respective contractors to
co-operate in producing Petroleum from such Commercial Field.
If Staatsolie so requires, the Contractor shall, in co-operation with the contractor of the adjacent area, submit within six (6) months of
receiving Staatsolie’s request, unless otherwise agreed, a proposal for the joint exploitation of the deposits, for the approval of Staatsolie, such approval not to
be unreasonably withheld.
If the proposal is not submitted or approved, Staatsolie may prepare its own proposal, in accordance with good international petroleum
industry practice, for the joint exploitation of the recoverable reserves. Staatsolie’s proposal, unless another proposal is mutually agreed, shall be adopted by
the Contractor, subject to Sub-Article 9.9.4, and subject to the adjacent contractor’s acceptance of the same proposal. The reasonable costs of preparing the
proposal shall be divided between the Contractor and the adjacent contractor proportional to their respective reserves in such Commercial Field.
Where otherwise non-commercial volumes of Petroleum in the Contract Area would, if exploited together with deposits in an area adjacent to the Contract Area,
be commercial, Staatsolie may require Contractor and the contractor of that adjacent area to share facilities.
Sole risk operations by Staatsolie
Where the Contractor does not consider that a Petroleum Field warrants declaration of a Commercial Field in accordance with Sub-Article 9.4, Staatsolie may,
subject to Sub-Article 9.5, at its sole risk, cost and expense, develop the Discovery. Once the area is relinquished by Contractor, Staatsolie may then establish
a Development and Production Area and perform its own Petroleum Operations at its sole risk.
ARTICLE 10 PETROLEUM EXPENDITURES
Petroleum Expenditures shall be paid in accordance with Work Program(s), Budget(s) and the provisions of the Accounting Procedure, as follows:
All Exploration Expenditures shall be paid by Contractor.
All Development Expenditures with respect to each individual Commercial Field shall be paid by Contractor.
All Operating Expenditures with respect to each individual Commercial Field shall be paid by Contractor.
Development Expenditures, Operating Expenditures and Exploration Expenditures shall be cost recoverable pursuant to Article 13, subject to Sub-article 3.5.
ARTICLE 11 PARTICIPATION OF STAATSOLIE
Right of Participation
Staatsolie has the right to participate in the Development Operations and Production Operations of each Commercial Field on a Commercial Field by
Commercial Field basis, such right to be exercised by notice to Contractor no later than three hundred and sixty (360) Days after the Date of Establishment of
such Commercial Field and failure to exercise such right shall be deemed an election not to participate in the Development Operations and Production
Percentage of Participation
Staatsolie’s participation may be in any percentage it wishes, but not more than fifteen percent (15%);
Staatsolie shall, automatically upon its election to participate in accordance with Sub-article 11.1, become a Contractor Party. Staatsolie,
as a Contractor Party, shall bear its share of all Operating Expenditures and Development Expenditures related to the Commercial Field in which it elects to
participate as from the Date of Establishment of such Commercial Field. Within ninety (90) Days of its election date, Staatsolie shall pay to Operator its share
of all Operating and Development Expenditures incurred by Contractor since the Date of Establishment of a Commercial Field. If Staatsolie is in default of the
above payment obligation the provisions in 11.2.3 will apply.
If Staatsolie elects to participate, Staatsolie and Contractor shall promptly attempt to conclude a mutually acceptable joint operating
agreement based on the then current AIPN model form, or, in case of an existing joint operating agreement among the Contractor Parties, will promptly attempt
to conclude a mutually acceptable amendment, whereby Staatsolie would become a party to such agreement. Included in the joint operating agreement will be
terms which allow Contractor to take and sell up to one hundred percent (100%) of Staatsolie’s Cost Oil and seventy-five percent (75%) of Staatsolie’s
participating interest share of Profit Oil, in order to pay the amount then due from Staatsolie in the event that Staatsolie does not pay its participating interest
share of costs within thirty (30) days of the date of receipt of any joint billing statement. Any excess funds received by Contractor for Staatsolie’s entitlement
in excess of the amounts due from Staatsolie will be refunded to Staatsolie within 30 days of receipt of such funds by Contractor.
Assistance in Obtaining Financing
Contractor shall provide reasonable assistance in the form of introductions and the like, as may be requested in writing by Staatsolie, to Staatsolie’s efforts to
procure financing for its participation, provided that Contractor shall not be required to contribute financially to or be responsible for Staatsolie obtaining such
ARTICLE 12 ROYALTY
Pursuant to the lifting procedure of Sub-article 13.9, Contractor shall, on Staatsolie’s instructions, deliver to Staatsolie at the Delivery
Point six and one quarter percent (6.25%) of the Gross Production as Royalty.
If taken in cash, the amount of the Royalty payment obligation shall be based upon the Market Price calculated in accordance with
Article 14 and be paid per Calendar Month.
Contractor shall be released from and indemnified by Staatsolie for any obligation for payment to any Government Authority of any
Royalty referenced in Article 65 of the Mining Decree or in any other law, decree, regulation or order in existence as of the Effective Date or any time thereafter
during the term of this Contract.
ARTICLE 13 COST REIMBURSEMENT AND PAYMENT TO CONTRACTOR
Reporting on costs, revenues and production shall be on a monthly basis. Settlement of obligations of Contractor and Staatsolie under this Article will be on a
Ownership of Petroleum
In accordance with the Mining Decree, the Petroleum Law of 1990 and Article 5 of Decree E-8B, Petroleum produced and saved and not
used in Petroleum Operations or re-injected shall belong to Staatsolie.
Crude Oil shall be distributed from the Contract Area in the sequence and quantities determined in this Article. Contractor Parties and
Staatsolie each have the right and obligation to separately take, dispose of, market and freely sell their share of Crude Oil according to this Article 13.
After delivery of Royalty in accordance with Article 12, Contractor will be entitled to an amount of Crude Oil from the Commercial Field which, when valued
at the Market Price, equals the Operating Expenditures of such field in such Calendar Quarter and carried forward pursuant to Sub-article 13.6.
After delivery of Royalty in accordance with Article 12 and reimbursement of Operating Expenditures in accordance with Sub-article 13.2, Contractor shall be
entitled to an amount of Crude Oil from the Commercial Field which, when valued at the Market Price, equals the Development Expenditures for such field
carried forward pursuant to Sub-articles 13.5 and 13.6.
After delivery of the Royalty in accordance with Article 12, and reimbursement of Operating Expenditures in accordance with Sub-article 13.2 and
Development Expenditures in accordance with Sub-article 13.3, Contractor (excluding Staatsolie) shall be entitled to an amount of Crude Oil from the Contract
Area, which, when valued at the Market Price, equals the Exploration Expenditures and those carried forward pursuant to Sub-articles 13.5 and
13.6. Exploration Expenditures which are attributable to a Commercial Field shall be reimbursed by that Commercial Field.
Cost Recovery Oil - Percentage of Production
In any Calendar Quarter the amount of Crude Oil distributed in accordance with Sub-articles 13.2, 13.3 and 13.4 shall not exceed eighty percent (80%) of
Gross Production after all Royalties have been paid, denoted as the Cost Oil ceiling.
The amounts of unrecovered Operating Expenditures, Development Expenditures and Exploration Expenditures that cannot be reimbursed from Cost Oil
pursuant to Sub-article 13.5, shall be carried forward for recovery in the succeeding Calendar Quarter(s) until fully recovered or this Contract terminates.
After distribution of the amounts of Crude Oil as required pursuant to Article 12 and Sub-articles 13.2, 13.3 and 13.4, any remaining Crude Oil (i.e. Profit
Oil) produced from the Commercial Field shall be distributed between Contractor and Staatsolie as a function of the value of the “R” factor defined herein.
The R-factor shall be calculated for each Commercial Field on a Calendar Quarterly basis. Because the precise value for the R-Factor for a Calendar Quarter
cannot be determined with certainty until after the end of that Calendar Quarter, allocation of Profit Oil with respect to such Calendar Quarter shall be made on
a prospective basis during such Calendar Quarter based upon the Contractor’s good faith estimates of the information required in the calculation of the RFactor pursuant hereto. Any adjustments to such provisional R-Factor following the end of such Calendar Quarter shall be settled pursuant to the procedures
agreed by the Parties in the Lifting Procedures, and such final R-Factor will be applied retrospectively to the Profit Oil allocations of the Parties. The R-Factor
shall be equal to the cumulative gross revenue minus the cumulative Royalty minus cumulative income tax, divided by cumulative Petroleum Expenditures on
a Commercial Field basis. Subject to the above, the R-factor shall be applied to Profit Oil produced during the relevant Calendar Quarter in calculating the
Crude Oil to which each Party is entitled.
(cumulative gross revenue – cumulative royalty-cumulative income tax)
(cumulative petroleum expenditures)
For purposes of this calculation:
“cumulative gross revenue” means the total value of all Gross Production from the Effective Date to end of the respective Calendar Quarter, with Gross
Production being valued at the Market Price.
“cumulative royalty” means 6.25% of the cumulative gross revenue;
“cumulative income tax” means the total of all income taxes calculated as the tax rate multiplied by total Profit Oil from both Contractor and Staatsolie’s share
related to this Commercial Field, from the Effective Date to the end of the respective Calendar Quarter; and
“cumulative petroleum expenditures” means the sum of all recoverable Petroleum Expenditures related to the Commercial Field from the Effective Date to the
end of the respective Calendar Quarter.
Transfer of Title
Title to the Crude Oil and Natural Gas, which Contractor is entitled to in accordance with this Contract, shall be transferred to Contractor at the Delivery
Not later than one-hundred and twenty (120) Days prior to the anticipated Date of Initial Commercial Production, the Parties shall enter into supplementary
contracts concerning Crude Oil transfer of title, lifting procedures and delivery, lifting and tanker schedules, loading conditions, Crude Oil metering, statistics
and classification of the lifting responsibility. If such contracts are not agreed by all within the time period specified, the
Parties agree to use the AIPN Model Crude Oil Lifting Agreement to govern such activities until such a time as an alternative lifting agreement may be agreed
MEASUREMENT AND VALUATION OF PETROLEUM
14.1.1 The Contractor shall recommend sampling, measuring and testing equipment, and procedures for controlling measurement of Crude Oil produced to
the Operations Committee for approval. Such recommendations shall include Measurement Procedures and an appropriate cycle of testing and calibration of
14.1.2 Operator shall give written notice to Staatsolie fourteen (14) Days prior to any testing and calibration by Operator of the appliances used in the
measurement and determination of the quality and quantity of Petroleum. Staatsolie, at its cost and risk, shall be entitled to have witnesses present at such
testing and calibration.
14.1.3 Where the appliances used in connection with Petroleum measurement have caused an overstatement or understatement of production, the error shall be
presumed to have existed since the date of the last calibration of such appliance, unless proven otherwise. Operator shall appropriately correct the error by:
amending the volume of the Petroleum delivered in the relevant period; and
adjusting the entitlements of each Party to take into account the correction.
14.1.4 Petroleum produced from each Commercial Field shall be measured at the Delivery Point.
No later than sixty (60) Days prior to the Date of Initial Commercial Production and thereafter before the beginning of each Calendar Quarter, Contractor shall
present a production forecast to Staatsolie. The forecast will estimate Gross Production for the next four (4) Calendar Quarters on a Commercial Field by
Commercial Field basis, based on the production rates designed to maximize the ultimate recovery of Crude Oil (maximum efficient rate) from the Commercial
Field in accordance with good and prudent petroleum industry practices and field conservation principles. Contractor shall give due consideration to any
comments or recommendations made by Staatsolie in respect of such forecast. Contractor shall use reasonable efforts to produce the forecasted quantity each
The Market Price of Crude Oil shall be equal to the Realized Price or the Crude Oil Basket Price as determined in accordance with Sub-article 14.4 at the time
of sale, whichever is highest. If the Crude Oil Basket price is higher than the Realized Price and the difference is equal to or greater than US$ fifty-cents (US$
0.50), then the Market Price shall be determined by the Operations Committee. In the event the Operations Committee cannot resolve the issue within seven
(7) Days, the Market Price to be used pending final resolution of the issue shall be the Realized Price plus US$ fifty-cents (US$ 0.50). Additionally, any
adjustment made pursuant to this Sub-Article 14.3 shall not be counted as an adjustment under Sub-Article 14.4.4.
Crude Oil Basket
Staatsolie and Contractor shall, at least six months before the projected start-up date of a Commercial Field, agree upon the Basket. In the
event Staatsolie and Contractor have been unable to determine the Basket within such period, the Basket will be determined through expert opinion in
accordance with Sub-Article 41.5, at least two months prior to the projected startup date of such Commercial Field. The Crude Oil Basket price shall be the
average price of the Basket as determined from the prices of the representative crude oils in the Basket as published by a mutually acceptable independent oil
publication. If said publication or any adequate succeeding publication ceases to be published, Staatsolie and Contractor must agree in writing on a substitute
publication. It is understood that the following principles shall apply with respect to calculation of the value of the Basket:
The representative crude oils to be included in the Basket shall differ less than four (4) degrees API and the sulfur content thereof shall be
less than one percent (1%) different to that of the Crude Oil of the relevant Commercial Field
The price of each representative crude oil in the Basket shall be adjusted for difference in API gravity, sulfur content and other pertinent
If Staatsolie and Contractor cannot agree to the above corrections, as set out in Sub-Article 14.4.1(b), six (6) Months before the projected
start-up date of a Commercial Field, Staatsolie and Contractor shall revert to expert determination in accordance with Sub-article 41.5 for determination of the
corrections. Such determination will be reached at least two (2) Months prior to the projected start-up date of a Commercial Field.
14.4.3 In the absence of a quotation of one (1) or more of the agreed representative crude oils in the Basket, or to reflect changes in the Crude Oil produced,
Staatsolie and Contractor shall meet to agree on a replacement representative crude oil for the Basket.
14.4.4 The Basket may be revised periodically but no more than once each Calendar Quarter within the three (3) years following the start-up date of a
Commercial Field and no more than once during a Calendar Year thereafter, if required, by written agreement between Staatsolie and Contractor to reflect any
change in the quality of the Crude Oil produced from the Contract Area or if one of the oils in the Basket is no longer representative in accordance with Subarticle 1.12.
14.4.5 Each Party shall notify the Operator of the volumes, prices, sales dates, points of sale for all its transactions, whether Arm’s Length Transactions or
transactions not in conformity with the market (or “not determined by market forces”), as well as the Market Price of Crude Oil (as specified in Sub-article
14.3), within fifteen (15) Days before the end of such Calendar Month. Operator shall promptly give Staatsolie and any other Contractor Parties notice of the
volumes and Market Price for each transaction. If any Party objects to Market Price of such transaction, within thirty (30) Days of such notice to Staatsolie,
such Market Price shall be determined by expert determination in accordance with Sub-Article 41.5.
14.5 Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Parties may, if mutually agreed in writing, review and, if necessary, adjust or renegotiate this Article 14, one
(1) Calendar Year after the commencement of Production Operations, provided however, that this Article 14 shall remain in full force and effect until otherwise
agreed in writing.
ARTICLE 15 FOREIGN CURRENCY AND BANKING
Bank Accounts in Suriname
Contractor shall be authorized to open and hold bank accounts in Suriname denominated in foreign currencies for the conduct of Petroleum Operations
Bank Accounts General
Contractor shall be responsible for reporting any deposits and withdrawals in respect of the foreign currency accounts to the Central Bank of Suriname in
accordance with the Law of Suriname.
No restriction will be imposed on importation by the Contractor of the funds intended for the performance of the Petroleum Operations. The flow of incoming
and outgoing funds (investment and dividends) shall comply with the laws of Suriname, including with the country’s monetary authorities.
Purchase or Exchange of Suriname Dollars
Suriname Dollars shall be purchased by Contractor from The Central Bank of Suriname or a local commercial bank. The applicable conversion rate for these
transactions shall be the rate published by the Central Bank of Suriname for conversion of the US Dollar into Suriname Dollars at the time of purchase.
Export Profit Oil and Cost Oil
In accordance with the Petroleum Law of 1990, and subject to the provisions of Article 19, Contractor shall be entitled to freely export all of its share of Cost
Oil and Profit Oil from Suriname and sell, assign or otherwise transfer such Crude Oil in or outside Suriname, and record and retain in Foreign Currency
Accounts, all sales proceeds as income without restriction. With the exception of the statistics and consent duties, no further export duty, stamp duty, or other
provision fee or tax will be levied against Contractor or due in connection with the export of Crude Oil.
Information for Foreign Exchange Commission
Contractor shall be subject to the Foreign Exchange Act of 1947 as amended from time to time and, in accordance with the provisions thereof, shall submit to
the Foreign Exchange Commission at the commission’s request, all information the commission deems necessary. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in case of
any conflict between the provisions of the Petroleum Law of 1990 and the provisions of the Foreign Exchange Act of 1947, the provisions of the Petroleum
Law of 1990 shall prevail.
ARTICLE 16. PAYMENTS
Currency of Payments to Staatsolie and the Republic of Suriname
All cash payments of Contractor to Staatsolie or the Republic of Suriname shall be in US Dollars or, if agreed by the Parties, any other currency, all in
accordance with Article 2.3, to a bank account to be designated in writing by Staatsolie or the Republic of Suriname, as appropriate.
Currency of Payments to Contractor
All cash payments of Staatsolie to Contractor shall be made in US Dollars or, if agreed by the Parties, any other currency, all in accordance with Article 2.3,
to a bank account to be designated in writing by Contractor.
Due Date of Invoices
Unless otherwise provided elsewhere in this Contract or in the Accounting Procedure, all payments shall be made within thirty (30) Days after receipt of the
invoice for such payments.
Interest on Overdue Payments
Any overdue payment shall bear an interest equal to LIBOR, plus five percentage points (5%), per annum.
Payment of Disputed Payment Obligations
If the Owing Party disputes an amount due, including payments in kind, under an invoice or other documented obligation to pay under this Contract, it shall,
within the payment period of the invoice or other documented obligation to pay, inform the Invoicing Party in writing of its objection, setting forth with
specificity the amount disputed and the reasons therefore. If Parties fail to amicably resolve the dispute, either Party may seek arbitration in accordance with
Sub-Article 41.2. Notwithstanding the above, in the event the Parties execute a joint operating agreement (“JOA”) in accordance with Sub-Article 11.2.3, the
payment terms agreed under the JOA will govern payments of cash calls and joint interest billings issued by Operator to the Parties.”
Import and Export Duties
Contractor, and its Sub-Contractors, shall be exempted from import and export duties in accordance with the Petroleum Law of 1990. The waiver described
herein shall not apply to items listed in Annex 6.
List of Sub-Contractor(s)
Contractor shall, twice every Calendar Year, submit to Staatsolie a list of Sub-Contractors who are engaged in its Petroleum Operations.
Withdrawal of Import and Export Duties Exemption
If Contractor or its Sub-Contractors sell or transfer ownership of imported goods to a party other than the Government, Staatsolie or another exempt third
party, then Contractor or its Sub-Contractors shall be liable to pay all duties, taxes and levies on such goods imported under the exemption provided by this
Contract. The duties, taxes and levies payable shall be calculated on the CIF value of the goods at the day of import, as determined by the Surinamese
Re-Export of Imported Goods
Industrial means, materials, goods and equipment imported by Contractor or its Sub-Contractors pursuant to this Article may be re-exported by Contractor or
its Sub-Contractors, provided that the terms and conditions of this Article have been complied with.
Household Objects for Expatriate Employees
Household objects for personnel and domestic use imported by the Contractor’s, Operator’s and their Sub-Contractors’ Expatriate Employees relevant to
activities concerning Petroleum Operations on the occasion of their change of residence will be admitted duty-free, provided however that such property is
imported for the sole use of the Expatriate Employee and his family and have been imported within six (6) months after the arrival of the Expatriate Employee.
Items imported under this Article and exempt from custom duties may be exported without the payment of custom duties.
Each Contractor Party shall pay its own income tax in accordance with Sub-article 18.2. In addition, except as otherwise provided for in the Petroleum Law of
1990 and the Mining Decree, each Contractor Party shall be subject to all fees, imposts, charges or Taxes imposed by a Government Authority to the extent
they are generally applicable in Suriname and not discriminatory to Contractor. For the purposes of this Article 18, “generally applicable” shall mean of
general application to the citizenry or business community of Suriname as a whole and shall not include Taxes which are focused on Petroleum Operations and
not generally applicable in this industry.
Each Contractor Party will be subject to the Income Tax Act of 1922 (Government Bulletin of 1921 no. 112, as last amended by State Decree of 1995 no. 52)
and the Petroleum Law of 1990. Subject to the preceding, the income tax calculation will take into account the follow revenues and expenses:
the value of each Contractor Party’s share of Cost Oil and Profit Oil according to Article 13; and
all other income of Contractor Party derived from Petroleum Operations properly included in gross income under Applicable Law, related to
or as a consequence of this Contract and referenced in the applicable rulings issued by the Tax authorities, drafts of which are attached as Annex 9.
each Contractor Party’s share of Cost Oil, and
expenditures, related to or as a consequence of this Contract, by Contractor which are not subject to Cost Recovery. These will be treated in
accordance with the Income Tax Act of 1922 and as referenced in the applicable rulings issued by the Tax authorities, drafts of which are attached as
All Taxes payable by Contractor or a Contractor Party shall be paid and all Tax returns shall be calculated and filed in US Dollars or currency as agreed in
Article 2.3. Losses or credits for income tax purposes may be carried forward in accordance with Applicable Law.
A Contractor, pursuant to the Income Tax Law of 1922 (Government Gazette 1921 no. 112, as lastly amended by Official Gazette 2000
no. 123), shall be subject to Income Tax pursuant to the rates applicable on the date that the petroleum agreement enters into force. In case the tax rates are
adjusted, such adjustment shall not be applicable to the Contractor and shall have no influence on his liability to pay taxes pursuant to the Income Tax Law of
If any additional impositions of, or changes in the existing Tax, Royalty, Applicable Law, or any other legislation, policies, rules or
regulations in Suriname, from and after the Signing Date, which are not of a general nature and not applicable to the general public, have the effect of
adversely impacting the rights and exemptions of Contractor or adversely impacting Contractor’s economic benefit in the Contract, the economic terms of the
Contract shall be modified in order to maintain the economic equilibrium of this Contract so that Contractor shall receive the same economic benefit as before
such imposition or change.
DOMESTIC SUPPLY REQUIREMENT
Supply by Government and Staatsolie
Domestic Supply Requirement shall, to the extent possible, be supplied from the entitlements of the Government and Staatsolie under this Contract, and from
other entitlements of the Government and any entity owned or controlled by the Government.
Supply by Contractor
If Crude Oil available to the Government and Staatsolie pursuant to Sub-article 19.1 is insufficient for fulfilling the Domestic Supply Requirement, at any
time, at least twelve (12) Calendar Months after the Date of Initial Commercial Production, Staatsolie may request in writing that Contractor make available a
quantity of Crude Oil to which Contractor is entitled hereunder. Beginning with its first such request, and every thirty (30) Calendar Days thereafter,
Staatsolie shall include data indicating the total production from each contract area then producing within Suriname. In response to such request, Contractor
shall supply at the Delivery Point from the Contractor’s entitlement, that portion of the Domestic Supply Requirement, in excess of the entitlements of the
Government and Staatsolie described in Article 19.1, on a pro rata basis with other crude oil producers except Staatsolie, in Suriname, but not exceeding
twenty-five percent (25%) of Contractor’s entitlement, which portion shall be offered for sale at the Market Price. Contractor’s obligations to fulfill this
obligation shall take effect ninety (90) Days from the date of the request from Staatsolie. If the request from Staatsolie is the result of Force Majeure conditions,
which do not permit Staatsolie to wait until such quantities become available following expiry of Contractor’s long-term commitments, Staatsolie shall
reimburse Contractor its actual costs incurred in covering such commitments.
Payment for Purchased Crude Oil
If the request for deliveries from Contractor is the result of a Force Majeure event under Sub-article 19.2, Staatsolie shall settle the payment in cash within
sixty (60) Days from the date of delivery, otherwise payment to Contractor shall be made in accordance with Article 16. In all events that Staatsolie fails to pay
any amount owed to Contractor for received Crude Oil when due, Contractor shall have the right to take and sell such quantity of Staatsolie’s Profit Oil in
satisfaction of any unpaid balance.
Use of Associated Gas
Associated Gas produced in the Contract Area shall in first instance be utilized for conducting Petroleum Operations, including but not limited to secondary
recovery operations, re-pressuring and recycling, and power generation.
Excess Associated Gas
Associated Gas in excess of amounts used pursuant to Sub-article 20.1 shall be designated as excess Associated Gas. If Contractor
considers the excess Associated Gas not to be economic, Staatsolie shall have the right to collect, transport and utilize this excess Associated Gas at its sole cost
and risk. In that case, the Parties shall mutually agree on the operational aspects of Staatsolie’s utilization of such Gas. Production of such excess Associated
Gas shall not hinder Contractor’s operations in any way.
20.2.3 or 20.2.4.
Contractor is not allowed to flare excess Associated Gas, except in the event it cannot be sold or re-injected in accordance with Sub-articles
If Contractor considers the Development of excess Associated Gas to be economic, then Contractor shall include the Development of such
excess Associated Gas in the Development Plan submitted for the Development of Crude Oil.
Contractor shall re-inject into the subsurface any excess Associated Gas, which is not developed under this Sub-article 20.2, subject to
international petroleum standards and Staatsolie’s explicit permission; provided that Contractor is not required to re-inject any excess Associated Gas if such
re-injection would, in Contractor’s opinion, cause damage to the reservoir or negatively effect the efficiency of production of Crude Oil or the ultimate recovery
of Crude Oil.
Discovery of Significant Non-Associated Gas
In the event of the Discovery of significant amounts of non-Associated Gas Staatsolie and Contractor shall meet as soon as practicable to
consider how such Discovery may be appraised, developed and produced. They shall consider whether a market exists for the non-Associated Gas and how
such market may be supplied.
If no market exists at the time of Discovery of non-Associated Gas, the Parties shall consider how a market may best be created and the
Contractor shall have the right to
retain the Discovery Area for a period not exceeding five (5) Calendar Years beyond the expiry of the Exploration Period while a market is being created.
Non-Associated Gas Addendum
Within ninety (90) Days of the Discovery of a significant amount of non-Associated Gas, which in the written opinion of Contractor may be commercial, the
Parties shall initiate negotiations for an addendum to this Contract for non-Associated Gas (“Addendum”), which shall establish the procedures and
conditions by which Contractor may Appraise, develop and produce such Discovery. The principles for the Addendum shall be the same as those for Crude
Oil, but the terms may be negotiated in order to make such Discovery not less profitable to Parties than would be realized in a Discovery of Crude Oil of a
similar magnitude. The Addendum shall include, among others, provisions to:
govern the orderly Appraisal, Development and Production of such Discovery;
determine the expected market price for natural gas in relation to its location, volume and potential customers;
address Staatsolie’s direct participation; and
address cost reimbursement and payment to Contractor
The provisions of the Addendum shall result in a similar profit split to that for Crude Oil under this Contract.
Disagreement on Non-Associated Gas
If, following the process set out in this Article 20, Contractor does not agree that the resulting terms of the Addendum support the commercialization of the
Discovery, then subject to Sub-Article 3.2, Staatsolie shall have the right to develop and produce the non-Associated Gas. In such event, Contractor shall
relinquish its rights to that part of the Contract Area that contains the non-Associated Gas Discovery, and such relinquishment shall be limited both
geographically and stratigraphically in order for Contractor to explore either deeper or shallower zones. Contractor shall in this event be reimbursed for all
expenditures connected with the Discovery of the non-Associated Gas, in accordance with Article 13, as if such costs were Exploration Expenditures described
in Sub-Article 13.4.
Failure to agree on the terms of Addendum
If the terms of the Addendum have not been agreed to within one (1) Calendar Year from the start of negotiation referenced in Sub-article 20.4, the Parties shall
refer the matter to a
mediator. The mediator shall be a person with an internationally recognized reputation as mediator and have knowledge of the international petroleum industry.
If the Parties fail to appoint the mediator within thirty (30) Days after the expiry of such period, either Party may have such mediator appointed by the
Secretary General of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague. The Parties shall use their best endeavors to reach an amicable solution with respect to
the negotiation of the Addendum through mediation.
Extension of the Term of the Exploration Period during Addendum Negotiation
In the event of a non-Associated Gas Discovery, the Exploration Period for the Discovery Area shall automatically be extended, at the end of the Exploration
Period, by such period of time as it may take for the Parties to mutually agree to the Addendum and for Contractor to Appraise the Discovery, and for the
Government to provide its final approval for such addendum. During any such extension, Exploration Operations shall be limited to such area delineated by
the Discovery of non-Associated Gas. The remaining Contract Area shall be relinquished as required by this Contract.
Crude Oil Priority
Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Article 20, the Production of Crude Oil shall not be unduly delayed or hindered by any evaluation or
indecision with regard to the possible Development of a Discovery of Associated Gas or Non-associated Gas.
Reports, Data and Information from Contractor
In accordance with good international petroleum industry practice, Contractor shall keep Staatsolie promptly and fully informed of Petroleum Operations being
carried out by it and it’s sub-contractors and shall promptly, and if feasible in real time, provide Staatsolie with all data, samples, information, interpretations
and reports, including progress and completion reports, which are related to this Contract, and which shall include, but not be limited to:
raw and processed seismic data and interpretations thereof including digital horizon files, velocity models used for depth conversion in
formats specified by Staatsolie;
well data, including, but not limited to, daily drilling reports, electric logs and other wire line surveys, mud logging reports and logs,
samples of cuttings and cores and analyses made thereof;
all reports prepared from drilling data, geological or geophysical data, including all maps or illustrations derived there from in formats
specified by Staatsolie;
all original well completion and well testing reports;
reports dealing with location surveys and all other reports regarding wells, treating plants or pipeline locations;
reports dealing with reservoir investigations and reserve estimates s, field outlines and economic evaluations relating to current and future
quarterly reports on Petroleum Operations as determined by the Operations Committee or requested by the Government;
final reports upon completion of each specific project or operation; contingency programs and reports dealing with health, safety, and the
design drawings, criteria, specifications and construction records;
reports of technical audits and studies relating to Petroleum Operations;
reports of all other technical data relevant to the performance of Petroleum Operations in the Contract Area; and
all reports which may be required by the Accounting Procedure or which may be requested by Staatsolie and are otherwise required by the
terms of this Contract.
All audit reports issued in accordance with the Accounting Procedure regarding the Petroleum Operations and its accounting.
Upon approval by Staatsolie, Contractor may cease submitting any or all of the above items and maintain them for the review by Staatsolie in its files in
Files may be maintained in electronic form, provided that the files can timely be printed, and originals of scanned documents can be presented, upon request
Reports, Data and Information from Staatsolie
Staatsolie shall make available to Contractor all technical data and information in its possession or under its control, relating to the Contract Area and relevant
to the performance of Petroleum Operations by Contractor. This information shall include but not be limited to, seismic data and all logs and records of wells,
well cuttings, samples, cores, sidewall cores, and oil samples regarding the Contract Area. However, Staatsolie shall not be obliged to disclose data and
information which it is unable to release due to confidentiality restrictions in force and in effect at the time of Contractor’s request for this technical data and
Ownership of Data
21.3.1 All original and copied data and samples collected by Contractor during Petroleum Operations shall be the property of Staatsolie. Contractor may
export, use and retain the collected data and the samples outside Suriname and shall, on behalf of Staatsolie and in furtherance of Petroleum Operations,
manage the use of such data, subject to the provisions of this Article. Contractor shall initially be responsible to store all samples and data and shall inform
Staatsolie of their location. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Staatsolie shall have the option to relocate and store a copy of all data and, if practicable, part of
the samples at its own cost.
21.3.2 Prior to the destruction of any data or samples, Contractor shall notify Staatsolie and Staatsolie may elect to further store or relocate the data and
samples, at its cost. During the Term of this Contract, Parties shall have access to all data and samples.
21.3.3 On termination of this Contract, Contractor shall turn over all original and copied data, samples and information obtained during or in relation to its
Petroleum Operations in Suriname still in its possession to Staatsolie, provided that Contractor may retain its evaluation materials which shall remain the
property of Contractor.
21.3.4 Contractor shall maintain accounting records, returns, books and accounts as required under the Accounting Procedure and shall be entitled to retain
and use at least one (1) copy of all data for any purpose during the term of this Contract and after this Contract’s termination, so long as Contractor complies
with its confidentiality obligations set forth in Article 22.
No later than ninety (90) Days following the end of each Calendar Year, Contractor shall submit to Staatsolie a report covering Petroleum Operations
performed in the Contract Area during such Calendar Year. Such report shall include but not be limited to:
a statement of all wells drilled, the summary of each such well, and a map on which drilling locations are indicated;
a statement on any Petroleum encountered during Petroleum Operations, as well as a statement of any fresh water layers encountered;
a statement of quantities of Petroleum, water and any significant quantities of other minerals produced therewith from the same reservoir or
a summary of the nature and extent of all Exploration Operations in the Contract Area;
a general summary of all Petroleum Operations in the Contract Area;
a statement of the number of employees engaged in Petroleum Operations in Suriname, identified by nationality to the extent providing
such information does not cause Contractor to violate any laws to which it is subject;
a statement on the estimated Petroleum reserves remaining to be recovered and the underlying analysis related to this statement; and
a summary of the disposals or sales pursuant to Sub-article 27.5.
Confidentiality of Information and Data
Each Party agrees that all information and data of a technical, geological or commercial nature, acquired or obtained from and/or related to
Petroleum Operations on or after the Effective Date and not (i) in the public domain; (ii) already known to each Party or its respective Affiliates as of the
Effective Date; (iii) acquired independently from a third party who has the right to disseminate such information at the time it is acquired by either Party or an
Affiliate of such Party; (iv) developed by a Party or is respective Affiliates wholly independently of the information and data received from a disclosing party;
or (v) otherwise legally in the possession of such Party without restriction on disclosure, shall be considered and kept confidential (subject to Contractor’s
right to use and to trade such data and information in accordance with this Article 22), and shall not be disclosed, sold, offered to any third party or
to employees, officers and directors of each Party, and to an Affiliate of each Party and its respective employees, officers and directors,
provided such Affiliate maintains confidentiality as provided in this Contract;
to any Government Authority when required by this Contract;
to the extent such data and information are required to be furnished in compliance with Applicable Laws, or pursuant to any legal
proceedings or because of any order of any court binding upon a Party or its Affiliates;
subject to Sub-article 22.1.3, to potential Sub-Contractors, consultants and attorneys contracted by any Party where disclosure of such
data or information is essential to such Sub-Contractor’s, consultant’s or attorney’s work;
subject to Sub-article 23.1.3, to a bona fide prospective transferee of all or a portion of a Party’s participating interest (including an entity
with whom a Party is conducting bona fide negotiations directed toward a merger, consolidation or the sale of a majority of its or an Affiliate’s shares);
subject to Sub-article 22.1.3, to a bank or other financial institution or entity to the extent appropriate to a Party’s arranging for funding or
proposing to fund for its obligations under this Contract, including any consultant retained by such bank, financing institution or entity;
to the extent such data and information must be disclosed pursuant to any laws, rules, orders, decrees or requirements of any government
or stock exchange having jurisdiction over such Party or its Affiliates;
where any data or information which, through no fault of a Party, becomes a part of the public domain;
to the arbitrators, in accordance with Article 41; or
to the extent such data and information are required to be furnished in connection with any unitization of all or part of the Contract Area.
Each Party shall take customary precautions to ensure that such data and information on Petroleum Operations are kept confidential by
its respective employees, officers, directors, consultants, agents or other parties to whom each Party is responsible.
Prior to any disclosure not otherwise permitted in this Article, the disclosing Party must obtain a written undertaking from the recipient
third party to keep the data and information strictly confidential from other third parties, with exceptions similar to those set out in Sub-article 22.1.1 and with
the conditions that the data and information not to use or disclose the data and information except for the express purpose for which disclosure is to be made.
Subject to Sub-article 22.1.6, the confidentiality obligations of the Parties shall terminate:
on the termination of this Contract
as to data from areas relinquished, on the date of such relinquishment: or
as to data associated with portions of the Contract Area retained beyond the termination of the Exploration Period, on the termination date
of this Contract; or
as to data associated with areas not relinquished, five (5) Years from the date of collection of such data or the termination of the
whichever is soonest.
Any Contractor Party ceasing to own a participating interest in this Contract, during the term of this Contract, shall nonetheless remain
bound by the obligations of confidentiality set forth above and any disputes shall be resolved in accordance with Article 41.
Notwithstanding the provisions of Sub-article 22.1.4 of this Contract, the confidentiality obligations of Contractor with respect to
geological, geophysical data and information acquired or obtained from and related to Petroleum Operations shall remain in force and effect throughout the life
of the Contract and a period of ten (10) Calendar years thereafter.
Disclosure in Annual Reports etc.
Notwithstanding any other provisions in this Article 22, each Contractor Party may make disclosures in annual reports, all regulatory filings related to
corporate securities (including, but not limited to, annual and quarterly reports) press releases, employee and stockholder newsletters, magazines and the like,
of summarizations of a general nature relating to Petroleum Operations, which are customarily or routinely described or reported in such publications.
Right to Use
No Party shall make available to any third parties any technology, including patent information or proprietary know-how, acquired from
any other Party without the written consent of such other Party.
Subject to Sub-Article 22.1, any Party has the right to freely use all geological, geophysical, reservoir, engineering, drilling engineering,
facilities engineering, and project data and information regarding the Contract Area for other petroleum activities in and outside Suriname.
Staatsolie shall, during business hours, and with reasonable notice to Contractor, have the right of access, at Staatsolie’s sole risk, to all sites and offices of
Contractor in Suriname and the right to inspect all buildings, facilities and installations used by Contractor and to inspect and audit the books and accounts
of Contractor relating to Petroleum Operations. In this regard, Contractor shall provide facilities to a reasonable number of duly authorized representatives of
Staatsolie to perform their duties and obligations in relation to this Contract. All costs for providing such facilities incurred by Contractor during the
Exploration Period and Development and Production Period, shall be subject to Cost Recovery in accordance with Article 13. All representatives of Staatsolie
shall abide by the posted or published safety rules of Contractor during such inspections and audits. To the extent possible, such inspections and audits shall
take place at such times and in a manner as not to unduly interfere with the normal operations of Contractor. The Parties shall attempt to limit the inspections
and audits provided for herein to a reasonable number.
SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
General HSE requirements
It shall be Contractor’s continuing responsibility to ensure that personnel of Contractor and their Sub-contractors are fit for employment.
The Contractor is responsible for providing and obtaining appropriate medical and emergency assistance and shall have a sufficient
number of certified first aiders on the worksite.
All relevant Contractor’s personnel shall be trained in survival and fire fighting in accordance with good oilfield practice.
Contractor shall work together with Staatsolie in the execution of a Staatsolie contingency plan should the need arise to put it into effect
Conduct of Operations
Contractor shall conduct Petroleum Operations in an expedient, diligent, safe and efficient manner in accordance good international
petroleum industry practice and standards adopted by the Surinamese authorities currently International Finance Corporation’s Environmental, Health, and
Safety Guidelines for Offshore Oil and Gas Development and International Finance Corporation’s Policy on Social & Environmental Sustainability and shall
take all reasonable actions in accordance with said standards to protect people, environment and property.
Contractor shall comply and be accountable for Sub-Contractor compliance at all times with all Applicable Law requirements, as well as
any HSE standards and rules agreed between the Parties.
Contractor shall keep Staatsolie and relevant Government Authorities informed, without delay, of any circumstances which may indicate a
dangerous situation and execute the appropriate measures consistent with safety rules and good international petroleum industry practices to correct this
situation. Contractor shall keep Staatsolie informed, without delay, of any serious bodily injury occurring with respect to or in the conduct of Petroleum
Contractor’s HSE standards will contain but not be limited to:
Environmental Baseline Studies
Environmental Impact and Social Assessments
Ongoing Environmental Monitoring
Environmental Management Plans
In the event of an emergency or major accident, Staatsolie shall, at its sole discretion and at Contractor’s request, make available to
Contractor such equipment and personnel as it has reasonably available to assist Contractor in any emergency situation. Contractor shall reimburse Staatsolie
all of its reasonable costs associated with such assistance.
Disposal of Waste and Completion of Wells
Contractor shall provide an effective and safe system for disposal of water, waste oil and other waste, consistent with good international petroleum industry
practice and shall provide for the safe completion of all bore holes and wells before they are abandoned in accordance with Article 29.
Prevention of Damage to Environment and Health
Contractor shall, in carrying out its responsibilities under this Contract, use all prudent efforts to:
avoid any actions, which could endanger the health and safety of persons;
minimize Environmental Damage;
control the flow and prevent the avoidable waste of Crude Oil and Natural Gas discovered in or produced from the Contract Area;
prevent damage to Crude Oil, Natural Gas and fresh water bearing strata; and
prevent the entrance of extraneous water through boreholes and wells to Crude Oil, Natural Gas and fresh water-bearing strata, except for
the purpose of secondary recovery.
Clean-up of Pollution
If in spite of Contractor’s prudent conduct of Petroleum Operations, damage to environment or health occurs, Contractor shall promptly take all prudent
measures to control and clean up the pollution, or to remediate, to the extent reasonably feasible, or to compensate and mitigate any material damage resulting
from such circumstances. The cost of such control, clean-up, remediation and/or compensation and mitigation activities shall be borne by Contractor, and
shall be subject to Cost Recovery unless due to the Gross Negligence or Willful Misconduct on part of Contractor or failure to adhere to the standards of Subarticle 6.1.
Decommissioning and Abandonment
Contractor shall be liable and shall bear the cost and expenses for all claims, damages or losses arising out of or related to Environmental Damages resulting
from suspended and abandoned wells and other facilities for a period of five (5) Calendar Years following the relinquishment of a portion of the Contract Area
or the relinquishment of a Development and Production Area that includes such wells or facilities unless Contractor can demonstrate that the pollution and
damages are caused by acts of nature or by actions or omissions of others.
Clean-up by Staatsolie
If Contractor does not act promptly to control, clean up, remediate or compensate and mitigate any Environmental Damage referenced in Sub-article 24.5,
Staatsolie may, after reasonable notice to Contractor take any actions and execute any works necessary thereto. All reasonable direct costs and expenses
incurred by Staatsolie, including all penalties and claims, shall be borne by Contractor and shall be subject to Cost Recovery, unless due to Gross Negligence
or Willful Misconduct on the part of Contractor.
Conditions Prior to Effective Date
Contractor shall not be responsible and shall bear no cost, expense or liability for claims, damages or losses arising out of or related to any environmental
pollution and other damage to the environment, health and safety condition or problems which it did not cause, including but not limited to those in existence
prior to the Effective Date of this Contract.
Water Source Usage
Contractor shall have the right to use available water sources in the Contract Area for Petroleum Operations, which usage shall not interfere with the rights of
other water users in the Contract Area, and provided that Contractor conducts such Petroleum Operations consistent with the international petroleum industry
standards, norms and practices concerning water.
INSURANCE, LIABILITIES AND INDEMNITIES
Contractor shall provide all insurance and cause its Sub-Contractors to provide all insurance with respect to Petroleum Operations, of the types and for such
amounts customarily used in the international petroleum industry for similar operations. Such insurance cover shall include but not be limited to:
Loss or damage to all installations, equipment and other assets for so long as they are used in the Petroleum Operations.
Sudden and unintentional pollution caused in the course of the Petroleum Operations for which Contractor would be liable;
Property loss, damage or bodily injury suffered by any employee or third party or death of any employee or third party in the course of
the Petroleum Operations, for which Contractor would be liable;
If Contractor elects not to maintain, or cause its Sub-Contractors not to maintain, insurance for any particular activity in connection with
the Petroleum Operations, then Contractor or the Sub-Contractor, as applicable, shall be deemed to have elected to self-insure.
Contractor has the freedom to select its insurance provider. Contractor shall submit for approval to the Operations Committee copies of certificates of insurance
confirming any insurance providing coverage with respect to Petroleum Operations or procured pursuant to Sub-article 25.1, including but not limited to the
identity of the insurers, types and amounts of coverage limits. Contractor shall also provide to the Operations Committee information regarding applicable
deductibles, premiums paid and changes to coverage.
Liability for Damages
Where a Contractor consists of more than one Contractor Party their liability shall be joint and several.
Contractor is liable for any loss or damage resulting from the Gross Negligence or Willful Misconduct of Contractor, of Contractor’s SubContractors or their employees, acting
in the scope of their employment in the performance of Petroleum Operations, or any other persons for whom Contractor is responsible with regard to
Indemnity for Personnel
Notwithstanding the other provisions of this Contract:
Contractor shall release, indemnify and hold harmless: Staatsolie and its Affiliates and their respective consultants, agents, employees
and directors against all losses, damages, liabilities, costs and expenses arising under any claim, demand, action or proceeding against Staatsolie or its
Affiliates or their respective consultants, agents, employees or directors for the personal injury, industrial illness or death or the loss/damage of personal
property of any of Contractor’s employees or for the loss or damage to any personal property of any of Contractor’s employees when such loss, damage or
liability arises out of or in connection with Contractor’s performance or nonperformance of this Contract, regardless of the fault or negligence, in whole or in
part, of any legal entity, individual or party.
Staatsolie shall release, indemnify and hold harmless Contractor and its Affiliates and their respective consultants, agents, employees and
directors against all losses, damages, liabilities, costs and expenses arising under any claim, demand, action or proceeding against Contractor or its Affiliates
or their respective consultants, agents, employees or directors for the personal injury, industrial illness or death or the loss/damage of personal property of any
of Staatsolie’s employees or for the loss or damage to any personal property of any of Staatsolie’s employees when such loss, damage or liability arises out of
or in connection with the performance or nonperformance of this Contract, regardless of the fault or negligence, in whole or in part, of any legal entity,
individual or party.
Indemnity during Petroleum Operations
Subject to and expressly limited by Sub-articles 25.3, 25.4 and 25.6, Contractor shall release and indemnify Staatsolie and its Affiliates and their respective
consultants, agents, employees and directors from, and hold harmless Staatsolie and its Affiliates against all losses, damages, liabilities, costs and expenses
arising under any claim, demand, action or proceeding instituted against Staatsolie or its Affiliates or their respective consultants, agents, employees or
directors for any death, expense, injury, liability, loss or damage of any kind incurred or sustained in connection with or arising out of the activities of
Contractor or its Sub-Contractors in respect of Petroleum Operations under this Contract.
Indemnity for Surrendered Areas and Staatsolie Operations
Staatsolie shall release and indemnify Contractor and its Affiliates and their respective consultants, agents, employees and directors from, and hold harmless
Contractor and its Affiliates against all losses, damages, liabilities, costs and expenses arising under any claim, demand, action or proceeding instituted
against Contractor or its Affiliates or their respective consultants, agents, employees or directors arising out of or in any way connected with any injury, death
or damage of any kind sustained in connection with or arising from:
any audit or inspection undertaken by Staatsolie; and
activities related to any portion of the Contract Area surrendered by Contractor and any use of any equipment or assets, and/or the
abandonment of any facilities for which Staatsolie has assumed control and responsibility from Contractor pursuant to Articles 27 or 29 when such loss,
damage or liability has accrued after the date of such surrender and/or Staatsolie’s assumption of the use of any such equipment or assets and abandonment of
any such facilities.
ACCOUNTING AND AUDITING
Records at Local Office
Operator and/or Contractor shall maintain, at its Paramaribo office in Suriname, complete books of accounts, original invoices, sales records and supporting
documents, tax returns and other financial documents in accordance with this Contract.
Accounts shall be kept in accordance with the requirements of the Accounting Procedure and, where not covered by such requirements, in accordance with
good generally accepted international petroleum industry practice and Applicable Law.
Annual Report and Audit
Contractor shall prepare, for each Calendar Year, financial statements including a balance sheet and profit and loss statement reflecting its
operations under the Contract. Accounting methods, rules and practices applied for determining revenue and expense shall be consistent with good generally
accepted international petroleum industry practice and the Laws of Suriname. Each financial statement shall be certified by an independent, internationally
recognized firm of chartered accountants acceptable to Staatsolie, and shall be submitted, along with the auditors report, to Staatsolie within ninety (90) Days
after the end of the Calendar Year to which it pertains. Audits should be conducted in accordance with the general accepted standards of the industry (Council
of Petroleum Accountants Societies “COPAS”).
It is expressly understood and agreed that the audits described in Sub-article 26.3.1 shall have no effect on the process for approval or
disapproval of costs incurred by Contractor for Cost Recovery, such process being provided for in Sub-Articles 26.5, 26.6 and 26.7 hereof.
Currency of Accounts
The accounts and underlying documentation required by Sub-article 26.2 shall be kept in the English language and in US Dollars, subject to Sub-Article 2.3.
Approval of Cost and Revenue Statements
Contractor shall submit costs and revenue statements as required in the Accounting Procedure. Staatsolie shall signify its approval or disapproval of items
Recovery and revenue contained in monthly and quarterly statements within thirty (30) Days of receipt of such statements and necessary supporting
documentation requested by Staatsolie. If Staatsolie indicates its disapproval of any such item, Parties shall meet within thirty (30) Days of Contractor’s
receipt of Staatsolie’s notice of disapproval to review the matter. Failure of Staatsolie to disapprove of any item submitted for Cost Recovery within the allotted
time shall be deemed an approval subject to Sub-article 26.8, and its cost shall be reimbursed to Contractor in accordance with Article 13.
Should Staatsolie disapprove any item(s) in cost and revenue statements submitted by Contractor, it shall notify Contractor within the period allotted for
approval or disapproval in Sub-article 26.5, with supporting reason(s), such as but not limited to:
the costs and/or revenues recorded in the statements are not correct; and/or
the costs of goods or services in the statements are not in line with international market prices for goods and services of similar quality
supplied on similar terms prevailing at the time such goods or services were supplied; and/or
the condition of the materials furnished by Contractor does not tally with their prices; and/or
the costs incurred were not reasonably required for Petroleum Operations.
Any disapproval by Staatsolie shall be itemised and shall not apply to an entire cost statement, If Staatsolie and Contractor have not resolved the disputed
items within sixty (60) Days of Contractor’s receipt of Staatsolie’s notification of disapproval, either Party may refer the matter to Dispute Resolution pursuant
to Article 41.
Staatsolie’s Right to Audit for Cost Recovery
Staatsolie shall have the right to audit with sixty (60) Days advance notice to Contractor, in order to approve or disapprove of costs incurred by Contractor for
Cost Recovery, (a “Staatsolie Audit”) the books and accounts of Contractor relating to Petroleum Operations within two (2) years from receipt by Staatsolie of
cost recovery documentation. In carrying out such audit, Staatsolie shall not unreasonably interfere with the conduct of Petroleum Operations. Contractor
shall provide all necessary facilities for auditors appointed by Staatsolie, including working space and access to all relevant personnel and information
requested by Staatsolie. The costs of any such audits commissioned by Staatsolie shall be
borne by Staatsolie. Such audits shall be undertaken by an independent, internationally recognized auditing firm or Staatsolie, and copies of such audit
reports shall be provided to Contractor free of cost. Subject to any adjustments resulting from such audits, Contractor’s accounts and cost and revenue
statements shall be considered to be correct as of two (2) years from the date of their submission including all documentation requested by Staatsolie or after
issuance of final Audit report.
Adjustment as Result of Audit
All adjustments resulting from an audit will be recorded in the Petroleum Expenditures Account as soon as possible after agreement is reached between
Contractor Parties and Staatsolie. Any unresolved dispute arising in connection with an audit shall first be referred to the Operations Committee for resolution.
If agreement is not reached by the Operations Committee, the item(s) in dispute shall be submitted to dispute resolution in accordance with Article 41 of this
Financial Year Period
The financial year is equal to the Calendar Year.
OWNERSHIP TO AND CONTROL OF GOODS AND EQUIPMENT
Ownership of Petroleum, Assets and Information
Staatsolie shall be the owner of:
Petroleum produced and recovered as a result of Petroleum Operations, subject to Article 13 and Sub-article 20.1;
all data; well logs, all maps, drill samples and other geological and geophysical information obtained by Contractor as a result of
Petroleum Operations, and all geological, technical, financial, and economic reports, studies and analyses prepared by or for Contractor relating to Petroleum
all assets, other than those to which Sub-article 27.3 applies, which are purchased, installed, constructed and/or used by Contractor in
Petroleum Operations, provided that Staatsolie’s ownership of such assets shall only become effective upon the earlier of full Cost Recovery of such assets
pursuant to Article 13 or the termination of this Contract.
Use of Assets
Contractor shall have the free and exclusive use and control of the assets referred to in Sub-article 27.1.3 for purposes of its operations under this Contract,
subject to the provisions in Sub Article 27.5.
Rented or Leased Assets
Equipment or any other assets rented or leased by Contractor or owned or leased by Sub-Contractors, in connection with Petroleum Operations shall not be
deemed to be owned by Staatsolie.
Transfer of Ownership on Contract Termination
On termination of this Contract, Contractor shall (subject to and in accordance with Article 29), leave all assets (such as wells, equipment, plants and
machinery purchased, installed or constructed), which are owned and used in Petroleum Operations in good working order, except for wear and tear normal to
oil industry use for that type of equipment under the particular conditions in which it was used. Contractor shall at no cost, transfer ownership, if applicable,
and control of such assets to Staatsolie.
Selling of Assets
Contractor shall have the right to sell or dispose of assets utilized in the conduct of Petroleum Operations in the Contract Area. Contractor shall notify
Staatsolie three (3) Months prior to any disposals or sales. Subject to the Accounting Procedure, in all sales, Staatsolie will have first right of refusal, which
right must be exercised within thirty (30) Days of such notification. The value of assets will be based on a Arm’s Lengths Transaction and be at least in
accordance with depreciation schedules agreed by the Parties. The proceeds of such sales shall be distributed as follows:
The costs of removing, reconditioning and selling the equipment will be cost recoverable.
The net proceeds of the sale shall be credited to the Petroleum Expenditures Account, according to the accounting procedure.
USE OF LAND AND SEA BEDS
Contractor is released, from payment to Staatsolie or any Government Authority of any surface rentals or charges referenced in Article 63 of the Mining Decree.
Land and Sea Beds
Within the limits of its authority, Staatsolie shall use its best lawful endeavors to make available to Contractor the use of land and sea beds necessary to carry
out Petroleum Operations. Contractor shall pre-pay Staatsolie for any expenditure payable by Staatsolie to third parties for the right to use such land or seabed.
Right to Construct Facilities
Contractor shall have the right to construct and the duty to maintain, above and below any such lands and sea beds, the facilities necessary to carry out
Petroleum Operations, including but not restricted to, roads, pipelines, production and treatment facilities, landing fields, bridges and telecommunication
facilities. Location of facilities constructed by Contractor on such land shall be in accordance with Surinamese legislation regarding land use.
Use of excess capacity by other producers
Where Staatsolie and Contractor agree that a mutual economic benefit can be achieved by constructing and operating common facilities,
the Contractor shall use its utmost efforts to reach agreement with other producers on the construction and operation of such common facilities.
Where there exists excess capacity, third parties may only use the facilities of the Contractor on payment of a reasonable compensation,
based on an arms length transaction, guaranteeing reasonable return on investment to the Contractor and provided the use does not unreasonably interfere with
the Contractor’s Petroleum Operations.
The laying of pipelines, cables and similar lines in the Contract Area by other persons is allowed, but those lines and related work shall
not unreasonably interfere with the Petroleum Operations of Contractor.
Scope of Abandonment Obligation
Contractor shall, in accordance with the abandonment plan as referenced in Sub-article 29.9, on termination of the Contract or relinquishment of part of the
Contract Area, except for those facilities and assets, which Staatsolie has notified Contractor should not be removed pursuant to the provisions of this
remove from the Contract Area or part of the Contract Area or abandon in place, in accordance with good international petroleum industry
practice, all wells, facilities and assets used in the conduct of Petroleum Operations, including, without limitation, pipelines, equipment, production and
treatment facilities, electrical facilities, landing fields, and telecommunication facilities;
perform all necessary Site Restoration and remediation.
To finance the activities under Sub-article 29.1, Parties shall open an escrow account (the “Abandonment Fund”), at a bank of good international repute to be
agreed between Staatsolie and Contractor. The structure of the Abandonment Fund and the terms for the administration of the Abandonment Fund shall be
mutually agreed between Staatsolie and Contractor. All funds allocated to the Abandonment Fund shall be recoverable as Operating Expenditures.
Contributions to Abandonment Fund
The Parties shall exercise their good faith judgment to set the amounts of contribution(s) for the Abandonment Fund so that it shall be of
sufficient size to cover the expenses to be incurred under Sub-article 29.1.
Contractor shall commence making contributions to the Abandonment Fund, based on the formula as established in Sub-article 29.4,
from the date of first Production, based on a contribution per Barrel produced and the production level of each Calendar Year.
On a Calendar Quarter basis, Contractor shall transfer funds to the Abandonment Fund according to the following formula:
FTA = ECA x (CPP/PR) - AFB
FTA is the amount of funds to be transferred to the escrow account.
ECA is the total current estimated cost of abandonment operations to be revised and adapted yearly and in accordance with the abandonment plan pursuant to
Sub-article 29.9, when available.
CPP is the cumulative production of Crude Oil from the beginning of the Calendar Quarter in which the Abandonment Fund was opened.
PR is the Proven Reserves at the beginning of the Calendar Quarter in which the Abandonment Fund was opened and adjusted according to material changes in
AFB the Abandonment Fund balance at the end of the previous Calendar Quarter.
Abandonment Prior to Termination of Contract
If Contractor recommends abandonment of facilities, assets and wells prior to the termination of this Contract, Staatsolie may elect to continue using such
facilities, assets and wells by giving Contractor notice of such decision within four (4) Calendar Months of Staatsolie’s receipt of Contractor’s
recommendation to abandon. Upon such notification, Staatsolie shall be responsible for abandoning such facilities, assets and wells and shall be entitled to
such funds in the Abandonment Fund accrued at the time of Staatsolie’s election necessary to abandon such facilities, assets or wells, pursuant to Sub-article
Abandonment upon Termination of Contract
Concurrent with the notice of termination in accordance with Article 39 of this Contract, Contractor shall notify Staatsolie of all facilities, assets and wells
used in Petroleum Operations that Contractor intends to abandon. Staatsolie may elect to continue to use any such facilities, assets or wells by giving
Contractor notice of such election within ninety (90) Days of receipt of Contractor’s notice. Any facilities, assets or wells noted in Contractor’s notice, which
Staatsolie has not elected to continue to use, shall be abandoned by Contractor pursuant to Sub-article 29.1 and Contractor shall use the Abandonment Fund
for such purpose pursuant to Sub-article 29.10. Staatsolie shall be responsible for abandoning the remaining facilities, assets or wells without further cost to
Contractor and shall be entitled to the funds in the Abandonment Fund equal to the estimated abandonment cost for such facilities accrued at the time of
termination of the contract.
Any abandonment under Sub-article 29.1 shall be carried out in accordance with good international petroleum industry practice and Applicable Law and shall
be subject to the provisions of Sub-article 44.6. If funds in the Abandonment Fund are insufficient for activities under Sub-article 29.1, additional funds for
these abandonment activities shall be provided through Cost Oil or by Contractor.
Facilities, Assets and Wells that Staatsolie Continues to Use
With respect to any facilities, assets or wells which Staatsolie elects to continue to use pursuant to Sub-articles 29.5 and 29.6:
Staatsolie shall conduct such continued use in accordance with good international petroleum industry practice and in such a manner that
does not interfere with Contractor’s Petroleum Operations;
Staatsolie will abandon such facilities, assets and wells as and when Staatsolie decides and in such a manner that does not interfere with
Contractor’s Petroleum Operations;
Contractor shall be released from all responsibility and liability whatsoever pertaining to such facilities, assets and wells and
abandonment thereof; and
Staatsolie shall indemnify Contractor from and against any loss, damage and liability whatsoever, as well as any claim, action or
proceeding instituted against Contractor, or any Contractor Parties, by any person or entity, arising from, or in any way connected with:
the continued use of such facilities, assets and wells and their ultimate abandonment; or
any failure by Staatsolie to properly abandon or use any such facilities, assets and wells.
No later than one (1) year prior to first production Contractor shall prepare detailed abandonment plan for each Commercial Field, including the estimated time
of abandonment, and an estimate of the cost of abandonment for approval by the Operations Committee. Annually thereafter, Contractor shall examine the
estimated costs of abandonment operations and, if appropriate, revise the estimate.
Disbursements from Abandonment Fund
Subject to Sub-article 29.11, the portion of the Abandonment Fund attributable to the abandonment of a specific facility, asset or well or a part of a facility
shall be transferred:
to Contractor at the time Contractor commences abandonment of such facility, asset or well; or
to Staatsolie at the moment of the transfer of such facility, asset or well, if Staatsolie elects to continue to use the facility, asset or well, as
provided for in Sub-articles 29.5.1 and 29.6. The funds transferred to Staatsolie shall be placed in an escrow account and shall only be used for
Excess Amounts in Abandonment Fund
If excess funds remain in the Abandonment Fund following completion of all abandonment and such funds have not been subject to full Cost Recovery, such
excess funds shall be distributed to Contractor If excess funds remain in the Abandonment Fund following completion of all abandonment and such funds
have been subject to full Cost Recovery, then such excess funds shall be transferred to Staatsolie.
No Taxes on Abandonment Fund
No Taxes, levies, duties or fees shall be imposed on the amounts paid into, received or earned by or held in the Abandonment Fund. Any excess amounts
distributed in accordance with Sub-article 29.11 will be included in Parties’ gross revenues.
IMMIGRATION AND EXPATRIATE EMPLOYEES
Permits and Income Tax Liability for Expatriate Employees
Staatsolie shall assist Contractor with all necessary permissions, permits, approvals and licenses related to immigration of personnel for the purposes of
Petroleum Operations. All Expatriate Employees shall be liable to pay Suriname personal income tax pursuant to the Income Tax Act of 1922 (Government
Bulletin of 1921 no. 112, as last amended by State Decree of 1995 no. 52), provided such Taxes are of a non-discriminatory nature; otherwise such taxes
shall either not be payable or, if payable, shall be reimbursed by Staatsolie.
Employment of Expatriates
Subject to the requirements to hire Surinamese nationals, in accordance with Article 31, Contractor and its Sub-Contractors may employ persons who are not
nationals of Suriname, to work in Petroleum Operations, for such periods as Contractor and its Sub-Contractors shall determine.
Contractor and its Sub-Contractors shall comply with Applicable Law with respect to the employment and the immigration of Expatriate Employees.
Applicable Law and Respect of National Heritage and Customs
Contractor and its Sub-Contractors are responsible for and shall ensure that their Expatriate Employees comply with Applicable Law and respect the Suriname
national heritage and customs.
Preference for Materials Produced in Suriname
In the acquisition of plant, equipment, supplies and services for Petroleum Operations, Contractor shall give preference for materials, services and products
produced in Suriname if these materials, services and products can be supplied at prices, grades, qualities, delivery dates and other commercial terms
equivalent to or more favorable than those at which similar materials, services and products can be supplied from elsewhere. A list of local purchases must be
Purchase of Materials and Services
All purchases shall be made in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Accounting Procedures.
31.3 Personnel during Contract Period
Where qualified Surinamese nationals are available for employment in the conduct of Petroleum Operations, Contractor and its Subcontractors shall ensure that in the engagement of personnel it shall as far as reasonably possible provide opportunities for the employment of such personnel.
For this purpose, along with each Work Program & Budget, Contractor and its Sub-Contractors shall submit to Staatsolie a report showing the number of
persons and the required professions and technical capabilities Contractor contemplates hiring within the following Calendar Year.
A list of the number of Contractor’s local hires and associated titles must be submitted quarterly to Staatsolie.
Contractor and its Sub-contractors may use appropriate staff or consultants as required to timely fulfill its obligations under this Contract
and to ensure efficient operations.
Contractor and each Sub-Contractor are hereby authorized and shall be free, throughout the term of this Contract, to, in accordance with
this Article, select and determine the number of employees to be hired by them in connection with the conduct of Petroleum Operations.
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND TRAINING
Training Obligation and Corporate Social Responsibility
During each phase of the Exploration Period, Contractor shall allocate one hundred thousand US Dollars (US$100,000) per Calendar Year
to train representatives of Staatsolie or to provide programs of corporate social responsibility. During each Calendar Year after the Exploration Period,
Contractor shall allocate four hundred thousand US Dollars (US$400,000) of the Budget per Calendar Year to train representatives of Staatsolie or to provide
programs of corporate social responsibility. The training programs shall be in any of Staatsolie’s operations. The programs of corporate social responsibility
shall support community-based development in areas like environment, health, education, culture and sports. Contractor’s expenditures pursuant to this Subarticle 32.1.1 shall not be subject to Cost Recovery. The Operations Committee shall determine the allocation of Contractor’s expenditures pursuant to this Subarticle 32.1.1.
Contractor shall, if so requested by Staatsolie, provide opportunities for a mutually agreed number of personnel nominated by Staatsolie
to be seconded for on-the-job training or attachment in all phases of its Petroleum Operations under a mutually agreed secondment contract. Such secondment
contract shall include continuing education and short industry courses mutually identified as beneficial to the secondee. Cost and other expenses connected
with such assignment of Staatsolie personnel shall be borne by the Contractor and considered as Recoverable Costs.
Contractor shall regularly provide to Staatsolie non-confidential information and data relating to worldwide Petroleum science and
technology, Petroleum economics and engineering available to Contractor, and as part of the obligations in 32.1.1, shall reasonably assist Staatsolie personnel
to acquire knowledge and skills in all aspects of the Petroleum industry.
Failure of a Party to fulfill any of the terms and conditions of this Contract shall not be considered as a default of this Contract if such inability arises from
Force Majeure, provided that such Party has taken appropriate precautions and exercised due care, to carry out the terms and conditions of this Contract. If
the Force Majeure restrains the performance of an obligation or the exercise of a right under this Contract only temporarily, but for a period of at least seven
(7) Days, then the time given in this Contract for:
the performance of such obligation or the exercise of such right and
the performance or exercise of any right or obligation dependent thereon,
shall be suspended until the restoration of the status quo prior to the occurrence of the event(s) constituting Force Majeure, provided that such event is relevant
to the performance of such right or obligation. Provided however, there shall be no seven (7) Days requirement, if the Force Majeure event occurs during the
last thirty (30) Days of any Exploration Phase or Development and Production Period.
A Party affected by Force Majeure shall take reasonable measures to remove such Party’s inability to fulfill the terms and conditions of this Contract with a
minimum of delay. The settlement of strikes or other labor stoppages shall be entirely at the discretion of the affected Party and the above-mentioned
requirement that any Force Majeure shall be remedied with reasonable dispatch.
Notice of Force Majeure
A Party affected by an event of Force Majeure shall notify the other Parties of such event as soon as possible and shall similarly give notice of the restoration of
normal conditions or remedial situations as soon as possible.
Measures to Minimize Consequences
Parties shall take reasonable measures to minimize the consequences of any event of Force Majeure.
When a Force Majeure situation lasts more than sixty (60) Days, the Parties will meet to examine the situation and implication for
Petroleum Operations, in order to establish the course of action appropriate for the fulfillment of the provisions of this Contract.
LOCAL OFFICE AND PRESENCE
Local Office and Legal Representative
Pursuant to Article 19 of the Petroleum Law of 1990, Contractor and/or Operator shall have a legal representative in Suriname and maintain an office in
Paramaribo for the purpose of carrying out Contractor’s responsibilities under this Contract. Any such office and/or representative(s) shall be registered as
required by Applicable Law.
Contractor’s Right to Establish Local Presence, Conduct Petroleum Operations
Each Contractor Party, its Affiliates and Contractor’s Sub-Contractors shall have the right throughout the term of this Contract to establish such branches and
permanent establishments, and to conduct any business in Suriname as may be necessary to conduct or participate in Petroleum Operations, including the
purchase, lease or acquisition of any property required for Petroleum Operations.
Delivery of Notice
Any notice, application, request, agreement, approval, consent, instruction, delegation or waiver required to be given hereunder shall be in writing, in English,
and delivered to the address set out below for each Party:
in person to an authorized representative of the Party to whom such notice is directed;
by registered mail;
by courier service;
by fax; or
by emailed PDF.
Notice given under any provision of this Contract shall be deemed delivered when received by the Party to whom such notice is directed,
and the time for such Party to respond to such notice shall run from the date the notice is received. Receipt by a Party of any notice shall be confirmed in case
of delivery under Sub-articles 35.1.1, 35.1.2 or 35.1.3, by a delivery receipt from the receiving entity or person, or in the case of delivery under Sub-article
35.1.4, a fax receipt which provides confirmation of complete transmission or in the case of delivery under Sub-article 18.104.22.168, and when a read-receipt has
been received by the sender. Each Party may change its address at any time and/or designate that copies of all notices be directed to another person at another
address, with fourteen (14) Days prior notice to the other Party. Oral communication does not constitute notice for purposes of this Contract, and telephone
numbers for the Parties are listed below as a matter of convenience only.
Staatsolie Maatschappij Suriname N.V.
Kosmos Energy Suriname
Dr.Ir. H.S. Adhinstraat 21
c/o Wilmington Trust
4th Floor, Century Yard
Cricket Square, Hutchins Dr.
Elgin Avenue, George Town
: Managing Director
Grand Cayman KY1-1209
: Andrew Johnson
With Copy to:
Kosmos Energy Suriname
c/o Kosmos Energy, Ltd.
Attention: General Counsel
8176 Park Lane, Suite 500
Dallas, TX 75231
The Parties shall act in good faith with respect to each other’s rights and shall adopt all reasonable measures to ensure the realization of the objectives of this
Binding on Parties
This Contract shall be binding upon the Parties on and after the Effective Date.
The Effective Date shall be the date when all of the following conditions precedent have been satisfied:
unrestricted approval of this Contract by the Minister of Natural Resources, (in accordance with Article 5 of the Petroleum Law of 1990)
and delivery by Staatsolie of such approval to Contractor;
signing of this Contract by Staatsolie and Kosmos Energy Suriname;
receipt by Staatsolie of the Parent Company Performance Guarantee for the fulfillment of the obligations of the Work Program for phase 1
of the Exploration Period, in accordance with Sub-article 5.7.1.
Pre-Effective Date Petroleum Operations
Notwithstanding the provision of Sub-article 37.2, Contractor may, with the prior approval of Staatsolie, conduct Petroleum Operations between the signing
date of this Contract and the Effective Date and expenditures related to such Petroleum Operations shall be cost recoverable. Notwithstanding the provisions
of Sub-article 37.2, all Petroleum Operations undertaken by Contractor pursuant to this Sub-article shall be governed by the terms and conditions of this
REPRESENTATIONS, WARRANTIES, COVENANTS AND UNDERTAKINGS
Contractor’s Representations and Warranties
Contractor hereby represents and warrants to Staatsolie:
that it is a corporate body duly organized and validly existing in accordance with the terms of its foundation documents and has the
corporate power and authority to own its property and conduct its business as presently conducted;
that it has the capacity to enter into and perform this Contract and all transactions contemplated herein, and that all corporate and other
actions necessary to permit it to enter into and perform this Contract have been properly and validly taken, and all necessary approvals for such purposes
have been obtained and remain in effect;
that by entering into or performing its obligations under this Contract, it shall breach neither any other contract or arrangement nor any
provisions of its foundation documents, by-laws or administrative resolutions;
that no “asserted claims”, rights or encumbrances of any nature exist, which in any material way may affect Contractor’s ability to
perform Petroleum Operations and that to the best of its knowledge, no existing unasserted or potential claims, rights or encumbrances of any nature exist
which, in any material way may affect the ability to perform Petroleum Operations by Contractor. For the purposes of this Article, “asserted claim” means a
claim contained in a notice and filed by appropriate procedures with a competent judge or arbitration panel;
that it is authorized, subject to governmental authorizations, to establish and maintain the branches and representative offices in the
Republic of Suriname and elsewhere necessary to conduct Petroleum Operations in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Contract;
that this Contract has been duly signed and delivered by it and is valid, binding and enforceable against it in accordance with its terms;
that, to the best of its knowledge and belief, no material fact or circumstance relevant to this Contract exists which has not been previously
disclosed to the Government or Staatsolie, as the case may be, and which should have been disclosed to prevent materially misleading representations from
being made in this Contract.
Staatsolie’s Representations and Warranties
Staatsolie hereby represents and warrants to Contractor:
that it is legally organized and exists in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Suriname and in accordance with the terms of its
that it has the right, power and authority to enter into and perform this Contract, to grant the rights and interests to Contractor as provided
under this Contract and to fulfill its obligations under this Contract;
that this Contract has been duly signed and delivered by it and is valid, binding and enforceable against it in accordance with its terms;
that it shall not breach any other contract or arrangement by entering into or performing under this Contract;
that it has exclusively been granted all rights, title and interest to explore, develop and produce Petroleum in and from the Contract Area
and that it owns all rights, title and interest in the Contract Area with respect to conducting Petroleum Operations;
that no asserted claims, rights or encumbrances of any nature exist which in any material way may affect Contractor’s ability to perform
Petroleum Operations and that, to the best of its knowledge, no unasserted or potential claims, rights or encumbrances of any nature exist which in any
material way may affect Petroleum Operations by Contractor; and
that all corporate and other action necessary to permit it to enter into and perform this Contract has been properly and validly taken, and
all necessary approvals for such purposes have been obtained and remain in effect.
General Obligations of Staatsolie
In furtherance of Petroleum Operations and upon Contractor’s timely request, Staatsolie shall, within the limits of its authority, use its
best lawful efforts to assist Contractor to obtain:
any necessary approvals from governmental agencies;
customs clearances, the matters described in Article 15, visas, work permits, residence permits, access to communication facilities,
licenses to enter land or water, licenses with respect to any and all equipment and materials, the opening of bank accounts, the acquisition of office space and
employee accommodation, as may be necessary for efficient implementation of Petroleum Operations; and
Upon its timely request Staatsolie shall provide Contractor with all non confidential geological, geophysical, geochemical and technical
data and information,
including well data, in the possession or control of Staatsolie or its Affiliates of relevance to the Contract Area. Staatsolie does not warrant the accuracy or
completeness of such data or information.
Staatsolie shall use all means at its disposal to prevent activities performed by its sub-contractors within the Contract Area which would
unduly or unreasonably interfere with, hinder or delay the conduct of Petroleum Operations.
Staatsolie shall, within the limits of its authority, use its best endeavors to assist Contractor to have access to pipeline and other
transportation, export and infrastructure facilities owned or controlled by any Government Authority.
Staatsolie shall, within the limits of its authority, also use its best lawful efforts to assist Contractor in all other relevant matters as may be
necessary for the efficient implementation of Petroleum Operations.
Foreign Investment Incentives under Current Suriname Law
Contractor, its Affiliates or its Sub-Contractors shall under no circumstances be entitled to any investment incentives, tax holidays or accelerated depreciation
allowances available under Applicable Law, including but not limited to the Investment Act (Official Gazette 2002 no. 42), or under any amendments thereto as
of the Effective Date, other than the provisions expressly awarded in this Contract, except as provided in the tax rulings issued by the Tax authorities.
Cure of a Breach of Representation, Warranty, Covenant or Undertakings
The representations, warranties, covenants and undertakings of the Parties set forth in this article shall remain in effect throughout the duration of this
Contract and shall be in addition to, and not in substitution for, any other representations, warranties, covenants and undertakings set forth in this Contract.
Each Party shall immediately, upon receipt of notice from the other Party undertake to cure a breach of any representation warranty, covenant or undertaking,
and shall indemnify and hold harmless the other Party, its respective employees, agents, representatives, and shareholders, from and against all suits for
injury or claims for damages to persons or property resulting from or arising out of such breach.
BREACH, TERMINATION, AND REMEDIES
Any Party may inform the other Party of a breach of this Contract and, specifying the in notice nature of the breach, request the breaching Party to take action
to correct the breach. If the action to correct the default is not substantially completed within ninety (90) Days of such notice, unless a longer period is
reasonably necessary and the defaulting Party is diligently and without delay pursuing such correction, the complaining Party may institute proceedings.
This Contract shall, subject to Sub-article 39.4, terminate:
on relinquishment of the entire Contract Area;
if Contractor does not submit a declaration of a Commercial Field pursuant to Sub-article 9.3, at the end of the Exploration Period, unless
otherwise agreed to by Staatsolie;
if, at the end of the Exploration Period, Contractor does not submit a Development Plan pursuant to Sub-article 9.5 after the Date of
Declaration of the first Commercial Field, unless agreed to by Staatsolie;
if, at the end of the Exploration Period, Contractor does not commence Development Operations related to the first Commercial Field within
ninety (90) Days following the Date of Establishment of such first Commercial Field, unless agreed to by Staatsolie;
if, at the end of the Exploration Period, construction and installation activities related to the first Development Operations are suspended
for a continuous period in excess of one hundred and eighty (180) Days, except where such interruption is caused by Force Majeure or agreed to by Staatsolie;
sixty (60) Days from receipt by Staatsolie of a notice from Contractor that it has elected to withdraw or from the date of Contractor’s
deemed withdrawal from this Contract during any phase of the Exploration Period, and ninety (90) Days as to all other periods, or
on expiration of the term of this Contract pursuant to Article 3.
Termination by Staatsolie
Staatsolie may, subject to Article 33 and Sub-articles 39.4, 39.5 and 39.6, terminate this Contract:
immediately if Contractor becomes insolvent or bankrupt or enters into any agreements or compositions with its creditors or takes
advantage of any law for the benefit of debtors or goes into liquidation or receivership, whether compulsory or voluntary;
upon intentional extraction by Contractor of any minerals other than as authorized by this Contract, except for such extractions as may be
unavoidable as a result of Petroleum Operations conducted in accordance with generally accepted international petroleum industry practice and which are
approved by Staatsolie as soon as possible;
upon failure of Contractor to pay any undisputed sum due to Staatsolie under this Contract within sixty (60) Days after receiving a notice
of arrears from Staatsolie;
upon failure of Contractor to comply with any final decisions from any arbitration proceeding conducted pursuant to Article 41; or
immediately for intentionally incorrect, false or misleading statements by Contractor of the expenditures subject to Cost Recovery in the
accounts maintained in accordance with Article 26.
Right to Cure
In the event conditions as described in Sub-articles 39.2.2, 39.2.3, 39.2.4, or 39.3 exist, Staatsolie must, prior to termination of this Contract by Staatsolie
based upon such conditions, provide Contractor notice setting forth in detail the existence of such conditions. Upon the receipt of such notice, Contractor
shall have a period of sixty (60) Days, or such longer period as the Parties may agree, to undertake action designed to cure such conditions.
Failure to Cure
If Contractor fails to remedy an event specified in Sub-articles 39.2 or 39.3 as described above within the period provided for in Sub-article 39.4 or within
such longer period, as Staatsolie may consider reasonable under the circumstances, Staatsolie may terminate this Contract by notice to Contractor.
If Contractor disputes whether an event or condition as specified in Sub-articles 39.2 or 39.3 has occurred or exists, or claims that an event or condition has
been remedied in accordance with Sub-article 39.4, Contractor may, within thirty (30) Days following receipt of notice of termination from Staatsolie, institute
proceedings pursuant to Article 41, and Staatsolie shall not terminate this Contract except in accordance with the terms of any arbitration decision.
Petroleum Operations and the activities which are the subject of the arbitration proceeding shall continue during such proceedings.
Damages for Breach
For the purposes of this Contract, a Party shall be deemed to institute or to have instituted proceedings or contested proceedings under this
Sub-article 39.7, upon serving notice to the other Party under the provisions of Article 41, and by continuing to avail itself to such provisions.
A Party hereto shall be entitled to damages if the other Party is found to be in breach of this Contract under the procedures of the
provisions of Article 41.
Staatsolie’s Right to Terminate
Staatsolie may terminate this Contract only under the circumstances and in the manner described in this Article.
Contractor may terminate this Contract only as provided in Sub-articles 39.2.1 or 39.2.6. Upon termination of this Contract under any circumstance or in
any manner described in this Article, Contractor shall:
pay any fees due hereunder up to the time the termination becomes effective; and
submit all reports and evaluations, maps, assays, samples, drilling, well tests and other files in accordance with Article 21.
Rights and Obligations of the Parties on Termination
All rights and obligations of Parties shall, subject to Sub-article 44.6, cease upon termination of this Contract, except for any obligation or liability imposed or
incurred under this Contract prior to the date of termination.
If either Contractor or Staatsolie terminates this Contract pursuant to this Article, the rights of Parties to pursue damages or other actions one against the other
shall, in addition to other limitations which may be contained here, be limited to the dispute resolution provisions of Article 41.
APPLICABLE LAW AND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
This Contract shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Suriname and where the laws of the Republic of Suriname
are silent or no principles of law exist in relation to any matter, in accordance with Dutch law (without regard to conflict of laws provisions) or as otherwise
agreed by the Parties. This Contract shall be subject to the international legal principle of pacta sunt servanda (agreements must be observed).
This Contract will be executed in the English and Dutch languages, and both will have equal force and effect. In case of a dispute and arbitration between the
Parties, except for a manifest error or misprint, the Dutch version shall prevail.
Agreement to Consult
Parties shall use their best efforts to amicably resolve any Dispute by consultation in accordance with this Article.
Notice of Consultation
To initiate consultation, a Party shall deliver to the other Party a notice (“notice of consultation”) which:
describes the Dispute; and
designates a person with authority to represent such Party in negotiations relating to the Dispute.
Within fifteen ( 15) Days of receipt of the notice of consultation, the other Party shall give notice to the sender of the notice of consultation
informing who will represent such other Party in these negotiations.
The designated representatives shall immediately attempt to resolve the Dispute by consultation. During thirty ( 30) Days after receipt of the notice referenced
in Sub-article 41.1.2, Parties may not resort to any other means of dispute resolution.
Agreement to Arbitrate
Any Dispute which cannot be resolved by mediation under Sub-article 20.6 or consultation pursuant to Sub-article 41.1 shall be resolved fully and finally
and exclusively by arbitration. Arbitration conducted pursuant to this Sub-article 41.2 may not be consolidated with any other arbitration proceeding
involving any third party.
Taking the Initiative to Arbitrate
A Party seeking arbitration shall deliver to the other Party a notice of its arbitral claim (“Arbitration Notice”).
Place of Arbitration
The venue of any arbitration under this Contract shall be The Hague, the Netherlands.
The Parties consent to submit any Dispute to the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, Netherlands for arbitration conducted
pursuant to the Rules of Arbitration of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (the “UNCITRAL Rules”) in effect on the date of the
Arbitration Notice; provided that, if the UNCITRAL Rules conflict with the provisions of this Contract, this Contract shall govern.
Alternative Arbitration Rules Only in the event that (i) Suriname is not on the list of parties to the United Nations Convention on the
Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1958 as published by the United Nations at the time a Party delivers an Arbitration Notice and
(ii) the Republic of Suriname and the state of which Contractor is a national are Contracting Parties to the Convention at the time when any proceeding
hereunder is instituted, the following shall apply to any Dispute:
The Parties consent to submit any Dispute to the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) for arbitration conducted pursuant to the
Arbitration Rules of the Convention of the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (the “Convention”). The Parties
agree that, for purposes of ICSID arbitration, all activities contemplated by this Contract will constitute an investment, any Dispute among the Parties will be
considered a legal dispute arising directly out of an investment, and Kosmos is nation of another Contracting State.
In the event neither Sub-Article 22.214.171.124 or 126.96.36.199 apply, the Parties consent to submit any Dispute to the International Centre for
Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) for arbitration conducted pursuant to its Arbitration (Additional Facility) Rules.
The arbitrators shall apply the IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Commercial Arbitration (1999) together with the
applicable arbitration rules. Where there is inconsistence, the IBA Rules shall prevail.
Appointment of Arbitrators
The number of arbitrators shall be three (3). All arbitrators shall be impartial and have at least then (10) years of experience in international
oil and gas transactions of similar nature to this Contract. Within thirty (30) Days of delivery of the Arbitration Notice,
each Party shall appoint one (1) arbitrator and shall notify each other of such appointment. If a Party does not appoint its arbitrator within this period, the
appointing Party must request the appointment of such arbitrator by the Secretary General of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague for an
arbitration under Sub-Article 188.8.131.52, or the Chairman of the Administrative Council for an arbitration under Sub-Article 184.108.40.206 or Sub-Article 220.127.116.11.
Within thirty (30) Days of the appointment of the two (2) arbitrators pursuant to Sub-Article 18.104.22.168, such arbitrators shall appoint the
third arbitrator, who shall be the presiding arbitrator of the panel. If the arbitrators do not appoint the third arbitrator within this period of time, then either
arbitrator or either Party to the Dispute may request the appointment of such arbitrator by the Secretary General of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The
Hague for an arbitration under Sub-Article 22.214.171.124, or the Chairman of the Administrative Council for an arbitration under Sub-Article 126.96.36.199 or SubArticle 188.8.131.52. Such appointing authority shall use its best efforts to appoint the presiding arbitrator within thirty (30) Days of a request for such
If an arbitrator is unable to perform his duties due to death, resignation, refusal or unavailability, the vacancy shall be filled by the
procedure as described in Sub-Article 41.2.5.
Language of Arbitration
The language used in the arbitration, including the proceedings and the award, shall be English. Supporting documents must be transmitted and/or submitted
to the arbitration panel in English.
The award of the panel:
shall be final and binding upon the Parties;
may be entered and enforced by any court of competent jurisdiction
shall be the sole and exclusive remedy between the Parties to the Dispute regarding any and all claims or counterclaims; and
shall be rendered within the time period mutually agreed between the Parties.
Scope of Award
Any monies awarded shall be stated and paid in US Dollars, without any tax or other deductions being withheld from the award. The award may include
money damages, interest thereon (compounded quarterly from the date of the breach for which such damages were awarded). All costs and expenses of the
arbitrators and the arbitral institution shall be borne
by the parties equally, each party shall bear the costs and expenses, including attorneys’ fees, of its own counsel, experts, witnesses for the preparation and
presentation of its case. The panel shall set the rate of interest to be the maximum rate permitted by Applicable Law. Parties hereby waive any damages in
excess of compensatory damages, including punitive, exemplary or consequential damages.
Obligation to Perform
Unless the Contract expires or is terminated, each Party shall continue to perform its obligations under this Contract pending final resolution of any Dispute.
The Parties’ obligation to resolve Disputes under this Article 41 shall survive the expiration or termination of this Contract.
41.5.1 For a Dispute on any decision referred to an expert the Parties hereby agree that such decision shall be conducted expeditiously by an expert selected
unanimously by the Parties to the Dispute. The expert is not an arbitrator and shall not be deemed to be acting in an arbitral capacity. The independent expert
shall have an established reputation in the international petroleum industry as an expert on the matter in dispute and shall not at the time of the Dispute be
engaged by any Party for work other than as the expert. The Party desiring an expert determination shall give the other Party written notice of the request for
such determination. If the Parties to the Dispute are unable to agree upon an expert within twenty (20) Days after receipt of the notice of request for an expert
determination, then, upon the request of any of the parties to the Dispute, the International Centre for Expertise of the International Chamber of Commerce
(ICC) shall appoint such expert and shall administer such expert determination through the ICC’s Rules for Expertise. The expert, once appointed, shall have
no ex parte communications with any of the parties to the Dispute concerning the expert determination or the underlying Dispute. Any hearing with an expert
determination shall take place in The Hague, the Netherlands, unless the parties agree otherwise. All Parties agree to cooperate fully in the expeditious conduct
of such expert determination and to provide the expert with access to all facilities, books, records, documents, information and personnel necessary to make a
fully informed decision in an expeditious manner. Each Party shall prepare and exchange a written position paper setting
out its positions with respect to the Dispute. Each Party shall also prepare and exchange a written response to the other Party’s position paper. The position
papers and responses may be accompanied by data and information in the submitting Party’s discretion. Before issuing his final decision, the expert shall
issue a draft report and allow the Parties to the Dispute ten (10) Days to comment on it. The expert shall endeavor to resolve the Dispute within sixty (60) Days
(but no later than ninety (90) Days) after receipt of each Party’s written response to the other Parties’ position paper taking into account the circumstances
requiring an expeditious resolution of the matter in dispute. The expert’s decision shall be final and binding on the Parties to the Dispute unless challenged in
an arbitration pursuant to Sub-Article 41.2 within sixty (60) Days of the date the expert’s final decision is received by the Parties to the Dispute and until
replaced by such subsequent arbitral award. In such arbitration (i) the expert determination on the specific matter shall be entitled to a rebuttable presumption
of correctness; and (ii) the expert shall not (without the written consent of the parties to the Dispute) be appointed to act as an arbitrator or as adviser to the
Parties to the Dispute.
WAIVER OF IMMUNITY
Waiver of Immunity
The Parties agree that the activities contemplated in this Contract are commercial in nature. Each Party irrevocably waives to the fullest extent permitted by the
laws of any applicable jurisdiction any right of immunity as to it or its property in respect of the enforcement and execution of any arbitration award rendered
under this Contract and expressly consents to any legal action or proceeding (including pre-judgment attachment) in relation to the enforcement and execution of
such arbitration award.
Assignment of Participating Interest
Contractor shall not directly or indirectly sell, assign, transfer, convey or otherwise dispose of its rights or interests related to this Contract
to third parties prior to the Effective Date.
A Contractor Party shall not sell, assign, transfer, convey or otherwise dispose of its rights or interests or obligations under this Contract
to any third party, directly or indirectly, without the prior written consent of Staatsolie, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, a Contractor Party may assign all or a portion of its rights under this Contract to an Affiliate or to another
Contractor Party without the prior consent of Staatsolie. The Contractor Party shall promptly notify Staatsolie of any assignment to an
Affiliate or another Contractor Party.
When assigning to any third party, such third party shall:
be financially and technically competent; and
have adequate expertise and experience, or access to same, in petroleum operations similar to the Petroleum Operations.
Sub-articles 43.1.1 and 43.1.2 shall not apply in the event of any direct or indirect change in control of a Party (whether through merger,
sale of shares or other equity interests, or otherwise) through a single transaction or series of related transactions, from one or more
transferors to one or more transferees.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, no Contractor Party shall make an assignment which creates a Participating Interest which is less than
10%, whether such interest is in the assignee or in the assignor. This limitation does not apply to transfers to Staatsolie pursuant to its right
of participation under Article 11.1.
Any assignment of this Contract shall bind the assignee to all the terms and conditions hereof. Such requirement shall be included in any contract of
Legal Successor to Staatsolie
If Staatsolie Maatschappij Suriname N.V., as the Government’s representative, is replaced in the future by another entity with respect to this Contract and
such entity is granted by the
Government the exclusive rights currently held by Staatsolie to Explore for, Develop and Produce Petroleum in Block, any and all references to “Staatsolie” in
this Contract shall refer to such legal successor.